• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Farleigh Hungerford Castle

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Farleigh Hungerford Castle On the banks of the river Frome are the extensive remains of Farleigh Hungerford Castle, once a tall grand emblem of history but now barely more than a few remains of the curtain wall and gatehouse. When built, the Castle was built to impress, to awe visitors with immense power and strength, built to look old as if the money was of old origins; the castle was built for show. Originally, since approximately 907AD, there was a manor house where Farleigh Castle stands. However in 1369 Thomas Hungerford purchased the manor house and fortified it without a royal licence, but in 1383 received a pardon for doing so. Thomas fortified the castle because it was fashionable to do so at the end of the fourteenth century; he did this by adding the inner court, which consisted of four cylinder towers and a curtain wall. There are no visual remains left of the manor house as you walk through the castle but there is a well which is likely to date back to the time of the manor house as a well would have been needed. Therefore this would indicate that the manor house was situated in the middle of the inner court. The inner court was built in 1370-1380 and parts still remain. ...read more.

Middle

The Outer Court consisted of the East and West gates, the curtain wall and the south tower. The outer court has a ditch on all three sides for defence, which were then filled with water from the dam that Walter also added. Walter extended the Outer Court to include the Chapel of St. Leonard, which then became the castle chapel. The Barbican was also added in 1420-30 but if you look for it in the castle now only foundations are visible and jutting out stones, which would have been needed for support. As Leland's script says, "In this outer court is an ancient chapel with a new chapel annexed into it." This is true as the Chapel of St. Annes and the chapel of St. Leonard's were joined together. The Gatehouse bears, above its arch, the family coat of arms, which has c1520 carved into it by Sir Edward Hungerford. The gatehouse was two storeys high. The top level was a guardhouse. There is a doorway that leads out presumably onto what was once the wall walk. There used to be a drawbridge, you can tell this by the square in the wall which the drawbridge used to fit into when it was up. Also there are two drawbridge holes for which the chains would have been pulled up by. ...read more.

Conclusion

Nowadays changes are still being made to the castle. The English Heritage is beginning the repairs to the roof of the Chapel of St. Leonard. It has been about 1094 years since the manor house was built and changes are still being made. The castle was never built to defend. As I looked around the castle I found arrow slits that were blocked up on prime targets of the castle, there are no battlements to fire from and it is built halfway down a hill. The window, which is very large, on the second floor of the lady tower is looking out of the castle and could have easily been the main point for an attack also the windows in the Southeast tower are large. They were enlarged in the 18th century which meant even as time went on Farleigh was still for decoration. The castle was a way of showing off how much money Thomas had. You can tell he was rich because from 1339 onwards there were frequent outbreaks of the plague so to build quickly in a short space of time would mean that he must have had enough money to recruit workers. Farleigh Hungerford Castle was just an elaborate living space. List of Sources 1610-20 John Aubrey The English Heritage Guide book 1733 Samuel and Nathaniel Buck 1746 Wigstead Leland's script 1645 picture used by Rev Jackson ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Coursework: Bodium Castle

    Although defensive features were still in use they became useless. This source is valuable because it helps us understand that although a new building structure was discovered nothing could stop cannon balls. but the source lacks information on the further development of castle structures.

  2. Warwick castle Coursework

    They could think that the statement is actually true or they could just be biased and nothing else could be possibly true. Rochester was besieged twice, once in 1215 and again in 1264.

  1. Like most castles in the South of England, all of the changes at Portchester ...

    At first, the only changes made were that it was modernised and made suitable to live in. In order to do this, the great hall was adapted and a mansion was constructed beside it. After this, the defences were strengthened and improved, as the threat of invasion became more imminent.

  2. Was Oystermouth Castle typical of the castles built in Wales during the middle Ages?

    This source is not entirely reliable, and could help and hinder historians. As it helps us picture what the castle would have looked like, which helps historians make judgments, but is not accurate enough to be reliable. It was drawn for a study on Oystermouth Castle.

  1. "The castle today is a ruin, it is therefore of very little use to ...

    It was said that Henry I needed around two hundred people around him at any one time and for further security Kenilworth was built. Kenilworth castle was known for it's great defence it was built in an oval enclosure and was surrounded by streams to create a great lake to

  2. Ludlow Castle Coursework.

    This family were extremely powerful Normans. Powerful because Walter De Lacy, who was the father of Roger De lacy, had supported King William during his invasion in 1066. Ludlow was firstly recognised in 1138, however people suspected that it was probably built around 1086-1094.

  1. Ludlow Castle.

    They also cut down all the trees around the castle as if they didn t, the enemy could climb up them and get into the castle. Narrow windows and archways were also built as not onCHNKWKS j�����TEXTTEXT ^FDPPFDPPbFDPCFDPCdSTSHSTSHf-STSHSTSH-f2SYIDSYIDPfSGP SGP hfINK INK lfBTEPPLC pfBTECPLC �fFONTFONT f<STRSPLC �fHPRNTWNPR$g�FRAMFRAM�h�TITLTITL'iDOP DOP �i"Ludlow Castle Coursework

  2. Kings Weston House

    Vanbrugh was a master of three dimensional forms in stone, adept in creating monumental, grandiose shapes in light and shade. Baroque is still often misunderstood in Britain because it is so frequently thought to mean heavily ornamented and elaborately shaped building.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work