• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Farleigh Hungerford Castle

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Farleigh Hungerford Castle On the banks of the river Frome are the extensive remains of Farleigh Hungerford Castle, once a tall grand emblem of history but now barely more than a few remains of the curtain wall and gatehouse. When built, the Castle was built to impress, to awe visitors with immense power and strength, built to look old as if the money was of old origins; the castle was built for show. Originally, since approximately 907AD, there was a manor house where Farleigh Castle stands. However in 1369 Thomas Hungerford purchased the manor house and fortified it without a royal licence, but in 1383 received a pardon for doing so. Thomas fortified the castle because it was fashionable to do so at the end of the fourteenth century; he did this by adding the inner court, which consisted of four cylinder towers and a curtain wall. There are no visual remains left of the manor house as you walk through the castle but there is a well which is likely to date back to the time of the manor house as a well would have been needed. Therefore this would indicate that the manor house was situated in the middle of the inner court. The inner court was built in 1370-1380 and parts still remain. ...read more.

Middle

The Outer Court consisted of the East and West gates, the curtain wall and the south tower. The outer court has a ditch on all three sides for defence, which were then filled with water from the dam that Walter also added. Walter extended the Outer Court to include the Chapel of St. Leonard, which then became the castle chapel. The Barbican was also added in 1420-30 but if you look for it in the castle now only foundations are visible and jutting out stones, which would have been needed for support. As Leland's script says, "In this outer court is an ancient chapel with a new chapel annexed into it." This is true as the Chapel of St. Annes and the chapel of St. Leonard's were joined together. The Gatehouse bears, above its arch, the family coat of arms, which has c1520 carved into it by Sir Edward Hungerford. The gatehouse was two storeys high. The top level was a guardhouse. There is a doorway that leads out presumably onto what was once the wall walk. There used to be a drawbridge, you can tell this by the square in the wall which the drawbridge used to fit into when it was up. Also there are two drawbridge holes for which the chains would have been pulled up by. ...read more.

Conclusion

Nowadays changes are still being made to the castle. The English Heritage is beginning the repairs to the roof of the Chapel of St. Leonard. It has been about 1094 years since the manor house was built and changes are still being made. The castle was never built to defend. As I looked around the castle I found arrow slits that were blocked up on prime targets of the castle, there are no battlements to fire from and it is built halfway down a hill. The window, which is very large, on the second floor of the lady tower is looking out of the castle and could have easily been the main point for an attack also the windows in the Southeast tower are large. They were enlarged in the 18th century which meant even as time went on Farleigh was still for decoration. The castle was a way of showing off how much money Thomas had. You can tell he was rich because from 1339 onwards there were frequent outbreaks of the plague so to build quickly in a short space of time would mean that he must have had enough money to recruit workers. Farleigh Hungerford Castle was just an elaborate living space. List of Sources 1610-20 John Aubrey The English Heritage Guide book 1733 Samuel and Nathaniel Buck 1746 Wigstead Leland's script 1645 picture used by Rev Jackson ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Ludlow Castle Coursework.

    1- so that the judges could stay there, and 2- so that the people who lived there could impress the queens and judges. Also, a prison was added- hence the name Administrative Centre. However, in the prisons, larger windows were added so that they could feel more comfortable and 1 more thing.

  2. Ludlow Castle.

    The portcullis was important in the fortress stage as it prevented the enemy access in to the castle. Crenulations were also an important feature in the fortress stage of the castle as it protected the castle. The castle also went through a palatial stage in its life too.

  1. Warwick castle Coursework

    The fact that Warwick castle developed so late meant that it wasn't the finest castle of that time. In some castles, in the 12th century, the 'shell keep' was taken out and replaced by a large rectangle square-keep which was placed on the top of the Motte.

  2. Like most castles in the South of England, all of the changes at Portchester ...

    The reason he was protecting the castle was because he was under orders from the king. He and his men thickened the bailey walls making it harder for soldiers to attack. We also know from this that Maudit's son took over when he died, he gave the fort more height.

  1. Kings Weston House

    even without ornament, or even without classical apparatus of columns and cornices. Baroque is the architecture of power and of titanic forces. However there are many classical features at Kings Weston. The panned sash windows that move up and down a feature that is of the eighteenth century houses.

  2. How Georgian is the Georgian house.

    which dates from the 1900. If it is the Chinese porcelain then I think it is a good item to have in the house as "Chinese fashions" were popular as suggested by the "A respectable trade" novel based on the 1800.

  1. Perceptions of heritage.

    were primitive stone structures probably in a parallel with Scotland (D.Ross 2002, P.J.Ashmore, 2000, M.Carver, 1999)". In the highlands we are more like the Danes" (R.Lamb 20032,). As were the Irish from the Celtic figures represented by the spearman with the long shield (T.G.E.Powell, 1994), and the Picts, by the

  2. Was Pontefract Castle Once ‘the Greatest Castle In the North'?

    Where they are built. Why they were built. Other peoples perspective of the Castles, i.e. poets, historians and people writing about the Castle in its peak time. The quality of the building then and now. The importance of the Castle during the civil war, plus its importance now, i.e.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work