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'Favourable circumstances, rather than diplomatic skill explain why Germany enjoyed such success in Foreign Policy in the years 1933 - 1936?' How far do you agree with this judgement?

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'Favourable circumstances, rather than diplomatic skill explain why Germany enjoyed such success in Foreign Policy in the years 1933 - 1936?' How far do you agree with this judgement? During the years 1933 - 1936 Germany enjoyed a large degree of success in foreign policy. This could be attributed to the favourable circumstances that were endured by the Nazis or by the diplomatic skill that occurred in ensuring these successes. By 1936 Hitler had achieved great successes in German foreign policy such as destroying some of the most damaging restrictions placed on Germany by the treaty of Versailles. Another success was the commencement of uniting all the German speaking peoples into a greater Reich, for example; the winning of the plebiscite in the Saarland. Hitler had also gone as far as attempting to achieve Anchluss but this did not fully materialise. It could be seen that during the years of 1933-36 the Nazis used considerable diplomatic skill in achieving their foreign policy. ...read more.


From 1933, Hitler backed a campaign by Austrian Nazis to undermine the government of Austria, led by Engelbert Dollfus. Their actions included destroying strategically important buildings and attacking important government officials. On 25th July 1934, Austrian Nazis murdered Engelbert Dollfuss, the Chancellor. However, their attempted takeover of power was foiled by government troops led by Dr Kurt von Schuschnigg. The affair raised the possibility of Nazi intervention in Austria. Hitler intended to put his army in to Austria to "restore order" but Mussolini was concerned about a strong central European power and so moved Italy's army to the Austrian border. The clear attempted failure of Anchluss shows how Hitler was too weak at this time to achieve Anchluss and created great damage to one of Hitler's main foreign policy goals. In this episode it could be argued that Hitler was improvising his reactions to events rather than pursuing a plan and that both diplomatic skills and circumstance prevented Hitler's success in his foreign policy of uniting all the German speaking people into a greater Reich. ...read more.


Britain was not prepared to introduce sanctions against Germany and so it could be seen that it was in this case circumstances rather than diplomatic skill that allowed Hitler to fulfil this part of his foreign policy successfully. One can see that both favourable circumstance and diplomatic skill allowed Nazi foreign policy to succeed during the years 1933 - 1936. In the case of the Polish non-aggression pact of 1934 and the Anglo - German naval agreement of 1935 it was diplomatic means that created success however the remilitarisation of the Rhineland can be seen as a fulfilment of foreign policy based on circumstance due to the developing crisis of Abyssinia and the withdrawal of the attention of the league of nations towards Germany. However the case of the attempted Anchluss of 1934 demonstrates that there was circumstances were not favourable and diplomatic skill also failed. In conclusion one can see that it was a combination of both circumstance and diplomatic skill that explain why Germany enjoyed such success in foreign policy in the years 1933 -1936. 1 David Masters ...read more.

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