• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Favourable circumstances, rather than diplomatic skill explain why Germany enjoyed such success in Foreign Policy in the years 1933 - 1936?' How far do you agree with this judgement?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'Favourable circumstances, rather than diplomatic skill explain why Germany enjoyed such success in Foreign Policy in the years 1933 - 1936?' How far do you agree with this judgement? During the years 1933 - 1936 Germany enjoyed a large degree of success in foreign policy. This could be attributed to the favourable circumstances that were endured by the Nazis or by the diplomatic skill that occurred in ensuring these successes. By 1936 Hitler had achieved great successes in German foreign policy such as destroying some of the most damaging restrictions placed on Germany by the treaty of Versailles. Another success was the commencement of uniting all the German speaking peoples into a greater Reich, for example; the winning of the plebiscite in the Saarland. Hitler had also gone as far as attempting to achieve Anchluss but this did not fully materialise. It could be seen that during the years of 1933-36 the Nazis used considerable diplomatic skill in achieving their foreign policy. ...read more.

Middle

From 1933, Hitler backed a campaign by Austrian Nazis to undermine the government of Austria, led by Engelbert Dollfus. Their actions included destroying strategically important buildings and attacking important government officials. On 25th July 1934, Austrian Nazis murdered Engelbert Dollfuss, the Chancellor. However, their attempted takeover of power was foiled by government troops led by Dr Kurt von Schuschnigg. The affair raised the possibility of Nazi intervention in Austria. Hitler intended to put his army in to Austria to "restore order" but Mussolini was concerned about a strong central European power and so moved Italy's army to the Austrian border. The clear attempted failure of Anchluss shows how Hitler was too weak at this time to achieve Anchluss and created great damage to one of Hitler's main foreign policy goals. In this episode it could be argued that Hitler was improvising his reactions to events rather than pursuing a plan and that both diplomatic skills and circumstance prevented Hitler's success in his foreign policy of uniting all the German speaking people into a greater Reich. ...read more.

Conclusion

Britain was not prepared to introduce sanctions against Germany and so it could be seen that it was in this case circumstances rather than diplomatic skill that allowed Hitler to fulfil this part of his foreign policy successfully. One can see that both favourable circumstance and diplomatic skill allowed Nazi foreign policy to succeed during the years 1933 - 1936. In the case of the Polish non-aggression pact of 1934 and the Anglo - German naval agreement of 1935 it was diplomatic means that created success however the remilitarisation of the Rhineland can be seen as a fulfilment of foreign policy based on circumstance due to the developing crisis of Abyssinia and the withdrawal of the attention of the league of nations towards Germany. However the case of the attempted Anchluss of 1934 demonstrates that there was circumstances were not favourable and diplomatic skill also failed. In conclusion one can see that it was a combination of both circumstance and diplomatic skill that explain why Germany enjoyed such success in foreign policy in the years 1933 -1936. 1 David Masters ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Nazi Germany 1933

    This could be because there was not resistance everywhere, which indicates they were weak and decentralised. Although one must take into account, that the disorientation of the opposing political parties was not entirely their fault. There were many bans and restrictions put on these groups, and they were all outlawed within the first year of Hitler's rule-1933.

  2. The Italian Conquest of Abyssinia: How far was the LoN to blame?

    and things such as her movements can be shown (she is shown with her hands tied) whereas, in source B, the LoN is represented as a cart and that cannot be shown here. However, like source A, source B does have aspects that help understand the problems.

  1. How far and with what success did the Germans resist Hitler?

    It was in the Catholic Church's interest to reach an agreement with the Nazis. The concordat between the Nazis and the pope signed in June 1933, guaranteed independence for the catholic church in its own affairs in return for a promise that its clergy would not interfere in political matters.

  2. “Hitler’s single aim in foreign policy was to expand in the East” - How ...

    history can be considered, as these historians believe that a whole range of different factors determined German foreign policy collectively. Firstly, Hitler hated the Treaty of Versailles, and thought it was unfair as it was damaging to Germany both socially, economically, territorially and militarily; land being removed, Germans being separated and reparations being demanded.

  1. To what extent was the international situation in January 1933 conducive to Hitler achieving ...

    In contrast however France had the desire to develop links and ally with countries on Germany's eastern borders such as Czechoslovakia and Romania. This therefore hindered Hitler as it gave France further defence and support. There was a clear lack of agreement between the powerful countries as to what to do about Germany.

  2. Hitler's Foreign Policy

    However the USSR opened their eyes when they saw Hitler rising to rule and becoming powerful but there wasn't much they could do because they couldn't see Britain and France intervening, so they were also afraid. Nevertheless, Britain, France and Italy were occupied holding a conference with one of the

  1. Evacuation was a great success do you agree or disagree with this statement

    The source goes on to say that the host families also did not get on with evacuees, 'not to mention their bad manners. There were reports of children fouling gardens.' Finally at the end of the statement it tells us that there were reports of children bed-wetting.

  2. "Hitler's single aim in foreign policy was expand in the east." How far do ...

    The unterrmencshen (sub-human) race along with Jews, Marxists, Handicapped, Gypsies, Homosexuals and all other races under that column deserved to be eradicated for the sole purpose of being enslaved for the benefit of the Aryan race. During Hitler's reign and existence and since Mein Kampf descended upon the people, this singular aim remained etched and consistent throughout.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work