• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Favourable circumstances, rather than diplomatic skill explain why Germany enjoyed such success in Foreign Policy in the years 1933 - 1936?' How far do you agree with this judgement?

Extracts from this document...


'Favourable circumstances, rather than diplomatic skill explain why Germany enjoyed such success in Foreign Policy in the years 1933 - 1936?' How far do you agree with this judgement? During the years 1933 - 1936 Germany enjoyed a large degree of success in foreign policy. This could be attributed to the favourable circumstances that were endured by the Nazis or by the diplomatic skill that occurred in ensuring these successes. By 1936 Hitler had achieved great successes in German foreign policy such as destroying some of the most damaging restrictions placed on Germany by the treaty of Versailles. Another success was the commencement of uniting all the German speaking peoples into a greater Reich, for example; the winning of the plebiscite in the Saarland. Hitler had also gone as far as attempting to achieve Anchluss but this did not fully materialise. It could be seen that during the years of 1933-36 the Nazis used considerable diplomatic skill in achieving their foreign policy. ...read more.


From 1933, Hitler backed a campaign by Austrian Nazis to undermine the government of Austria, led by Engelbert Dollfus. Their actions included destroying strategically important buildings and attacking important government officials. On 25th July 1934, Austrian Nazis murdered Engelbert Dollfuss, the Chancellor. However, their attempted takeover of power was foiled by government troops led by Dr Kurt von Schuschnigg. The affair raised the possibility of Nazi intervention in Austria. Hitler intended to put his army in to Austria to "restore order" but Mussolini was concerned about a strong central European power and so moved Italy's army to the Austrian border. The clear attempted failure of Anchluss shows how Hitler was too weak at this time to achieve Anchluss and created great damage to one of Hitler's main foreign policy goals. In this episode it could be argued that Hitler was improvising his reactions to events rather than pursuing a plan and that both diplomatic skills and circumstance prevented Hitler's success in his foreign policy of uniting all the German speaking people into a greater Reich. ...read more.


Britain was not prepared to introduce sanctions against Germany and so it could be seen that it was in this case circumstances rather than diplomatic skill that allowed Hitler to fulfil this part of his foreign policy successfully. One can see that both favourable circumstance and diplomatic skill allowed Nazi foreign policy to succeed during the years 1933 - 1936. In the case of the Polish non-aggression pact of 1934 and the Anglo - German naval agreement of 1935 it was diplomatic means that created success however the remilitarisation of the Rhineland can be seen as a fulfilment of foreign policy based on circumstance due to the developing crisis of Abyssinia and the withdrawal of the attention of the league of nations towards Germany. However the case of the attempted Anchluss of 1934 demonstrates that there was circumstances were not favourable and diplomatic skill also failed. In conclusion one can see that it was a combination of both circumstance and diplomatic skill that explain why Germany enjoyed such success in foreign policy in the years 1933 -1936. 1 David Masters ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Jesse Owens at the 1936 Olympics.

    Throughout his life, he worked with youths, sharing of himself and the little material wealth that he had. He was as much the champion on the playground in the poorest neighborhoods as he was on the oval of the Olympic games.

  2. "Hitler's domestic policies between 1933 and 1939 enjoyed widespread popularity among the German people" ...

    This was not the case for the "enemies of state" such as the Jews. The segregation of Jews and the announcement of the Nuremberg Laws in the autumn of 1935 codified the extent of Jewish exclusion from normal German life like taking from them their Reich citizenship and banning them

  1. The Italian Conquest of Abyssinia: How far was the LoN to blame?

    One good aspect in my opinion is the showing of which countries are more likely to leave than others. A great example of this is how Great Britain and France are solid up the top whereas Italy is on the verge of falling off.

  2. "Hitler's single aim in foreign policy was expand in the east." How far do ...

    There was an abundance of evidence that confirmed Hitler's intentions and aims of expansion, found in his own writing such as Mein Kampf, Zweite Buch and his presence in the Hossbach Memorandum. Mein Kampf clearly dictates that Germany must "stop the endless movement to the south and west, and turn our gaze to the east".

  1. To what extent was the international situation in January 1933 conducive to Hitler achieving ...

    In contrast however France had the desire to develop links and ally with countries on Germany's eastern borders such as Czechoslovakia and Romania. This therefore hindered Hitler as it gave France further defence and support. There was a clear lack of agreement between the powerful countries as to what to do about Germany.

  2. Nazi Germany 1933

    When planning an effective sabotage you need a large group of people, and due to the Gestapo terror, it was very difficult to form this large group, as they were often infiltrated by the Gestapo police. Thus the Gestapo were responsible for the disorientation of the protestors, as their groups

  1. How was Nazi foreign policy for the start of WW2.

    But to build a strong navy would anger the British. However, Hitler found a way to do both. The discussions between Germany and Great Britain continue in 1935. In March, Hitler and Von Ribbentrop met with Simon and Eden from Great Britain.

  2. Evacuation was a great success do you agree or disagree with this statement

    'Many evacuees could not settle in the countryside.' This statement is taken from an interpretation of the relations between evacuees and host families, source A. If evacuees find themselves not settling in with host families then it is stating that they may not have a good experience during evacuation.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work