• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

FDR's New Deal

Extracts from this document...


New Deal Coursework � Why Did Roosevelt Introduce The New Deal? The Wall Street crash of 1929 started the devastating economic downturn in the United States that was to become the Great Depression. It escalated when people began to panic and pull all their money out of the banks. Due to this, by 1933, 11,000 of the US' 25,000 banks had failed. This widespread loss of confidence in the economy made people reluctant to spend their money, which caused businesses to either fail or cut back on their workforce. The decline in demand for labour was the initial cause of high unemployment, which reached unprecedented heights throughout the decade with 13 million people becoming unemployed. In 1933, 25% of all workers were unemployed. Homelessness also increased vastly due to unemployment, which led to the coining of the term 'Hoovervilles' as a name for the towns of cardboard boxes built and inhabited by homeless men, named after president Herbert Hoover. It had been made clear that the downward economical spiral was not going to resolve itself, and would only get worse if something wasn't done to combat it. President Hoover had previously held a 'Laissez Faire' attitude, meaning that he believed too much government coercion would have negative effects on the state of things and they should be therefore left alone. ...read more.


was agreed to, which lent money to home-owners at low interest to help them keep up on their mortgage payments. Several agencies were created whose main aim was to create jobs for the unemployed. The Civil Works Administration (CWA) and Works Progress Administration were created to provide jobs for unskilled workers and the Public Works Administration (PWA) was created to provide jobs for skilled employees. These agencies embarked on projects such as building roads, schools and hospitals. The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was also created to provide employment for young men. The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) built dams all around the valley which provided work for thousands of men, as well as a solution to the constant flooding that was destroying the Tennessee valley. Farmers were one of the groups worst affected by the Depression as lowering food prices made it hard for them to retain any profit. The Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) was set up to compensate farmers for producing less food so that food prices could be raised. Whilst they were not all perfect, these main features of the New Deal did go some way towards helping to subdue the core social problems brought about by the Great Depression. � To What Extent Can The New Deal Be Considered a Success? The New Deal was generally well received by the american people and has to be credited to have had some success in reviving the state of America's economy and the quality of life of its citizens. ...read more.


Overall, the NRA had good aims and had the right idea about improving the situation for workers, however it didn't do a good enough job of enforcing these aims, and therefore ended up causing problems. One of the biggest problems FDR and the New Deal faced was the opposition he encountered from the Supreme Court. They disagreed with the amount of federal power he was using, accusing him of acting like a dictator. The NRA's fair labour and fair wage codes were made illegal along with the AAA, claiming it went against the constitution. This was a heavy blow as the AAA had been previously successful in stopping farms from overproducing, although this did lead to poor farm workers losing their jobs, which contradicted the idea that the 'forgotten man' would be looked after. All in all there were several aspects of the New Deal that had a positive effect on the state of the country, however none of the solutions were perfect and none of them provided any long-term security or promise. I don't think the New Deal could have turned the economic situation around if it hadn't been for the outbreak of the second world war, which raised the demand for labour enough to revive the economy and end the Depression. Therefore FDR's New Deal cannot be seen as a complete success. Steve Hajiyianni pg 1 Sunday, 6 September 2009 Steve Hajiyianni pg 1 Sunday, 6 September 2009 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. GCSE History Coursework Assignment B - Was the New Deal a Success?

    It begins by saying, 'this is just to let you know everything is alright now,' which tells us the author of this letter has resolved their problem. It then says that, 'the man you sent found our house and we went down to the bank with him.

  2. Explain the main features of the New Deal

    There was always failure from the beginning for instance many parts of the American society were not touched by the new deal. The African - American people continued to suffer discrimination; nothing was done to prevent this or help them.

  1. Study the following interpretations of the effects of the New Deal. The New Deal ...

    Source G is a source with mixed views over how effective the New Deal was. This source shows FDR as a strong, trustworthy doctor who is trying to cure 'Uncle Sam', who is supposed to represent the state America was in at that time.

  2. History coursework: Was the New Deal successful?

    Those who support the Deal will accentuate what and how much Roosevelt did for America. However those who oppose Roosevelt will highlight what he didn't do for certain groups of people, besides criticizing his welfare policy and claiming the Deal was a colossal waste of money.

  1. How successful was the New Deal - FDR

    on, making sure that all the money was going to regenerate America's economy. This proved to the American public that the New Deal's only aim was to improve the quality of life and the economy. However, the New Deal underestimated local governments and their capabilities as the central government took over to bring relief, recovery and reform.

  2. Depression and The New Deal

    523 out of 531 Electoral College votes (the college consists of representatives from each US state). The election was bitter due to Roosevelt having to endure personal and political attacks as well as attacks being made on his family. Roosevelt won a landslide victory in 1936 but there was still

  1. History Coursework: The New Deal

    was one of Roosevelt's biggest successes. The area covered parts of 6 different states and constantly suffered from flooding which ruined livelihoods of the farm workers. There were no alternative jobs available in the area until the TVA was set up. Huge public work programs began; Dams, Canals, Irrigation and water transport.

  2. To What Extent Did The New Deal Pull America Out Of The Depression?

    Harold Hopkins was head of the Civil Works Administration and distributed $10 billion in scheme programmes but never earned more than his salary of $15,000. Roosevelt's government generally tried to support unions and make large corporations negotiate with them. Some labour unions combined forces to form the Committee for Industrial Organisation in 1935.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work