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Following the conclusion of The Great War (WWI), and the subsequent boom era, Australia developed a passionate enthusiasm for aviation

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Introduction

Following the conclusion of The Great War (WWI) was the boom era of the 1920s. This period saw Australian society develop more consumerist ideals and become more interested in thrill seeking it also saw Australia developed a passionate enthusiasm for aviation. The combination of technology and thrill seeking drew many Australian's to the wonders of flying machines. Aircraft were shown to provide a multitude of uses, due largely to Australia's sparsely populated and isolated location. The establishment of The Royal Flying Doctor Service was vital in linking Australia's remote and isolated communities with the necessities of general health-care and emergency air ambulances. Likewise, the formation of QANTAS made travel between Australia's distant localities straightforward and safe. Society was irreversibly affected both socially and economically by the advancement in aviation technology throughout this interwar period. The foundation of QANTAS began in March 1919, with the failed attempts of former Australian Flying Corps officers W Hudson Fysh and Paul McGinness to enter a competition to fly from England to Australia within 30 days. Instead, they accepted an assignment from the Defence Department to survey the air race route from Longreach in Queensland to Katherine in the Northern Territory, leaving supplies along the way for the competitors. ...read more.

Middle

By 1928, the AIM had sufficient money to establish a flying doctor scheme. Supporters of the project included the industrialist HV McKay, manufacturer of the Sunshine Harvester, Hudson Fysh at QANTAS, and Dr George Simpson, a young Melbourne doctor who had heard Flynn speak many years before. On 15 May 1928, the Aerial Medical Service was established as a one year experiment at Cloncurry in Queensland. After many years of dreaming, hard work and planning the Flying Doctor Service was a reality.9 One of the greatest problems when the Service first started was the lack of radio communications between the base at Cloncurry and the outback stations. The Flying Doctor service relied on telephone links between towns and settlements and on people physically travelling long distances for help. Flynn realised that some form of portable, cheap and reliable communication was required. It would require a range of approximately 500kms and need to be simple to use and power. Early wireless technology did not meet these criteria, being complex, expensive and unreliable - obviously not suitable for use in the life or death situations they would be required for. Flynn set about designing and building suitable equipment in order to enhance communication. He found that voice communication was impossible due to the lack of sufficient power, resulting in the use of Morse code. ...read more.

Conclusion

Economically, it assisted in establishing Australia's vast tourism industry and encouraged communication around the world through airmail. The formation of the Royal Flying Doctors Service provided vital medical care to regional and outback areas, allowing Australia's primary production industry to flourish and earn export income. The further advancement of radio technology brought outback communities together and spelt the end of loneliness and isolation in outback Australia. In many ways the aviation industry in Australia between the wars was instrumental and shaping the nation both physically and psychologically. End Notes 1. HISTORY OF QANTAS - http://users.chariot.net.au/~theburfs/qantaspage.html 2. A GUIDE TO THE PAPERS OF HUDSON FYSH - http://nla.gov.au/nla.ms-ms933 3. QANTAS - http://www.qantas.com.au/info/about/history/ 4. ROYAL FLYING DOCTORS SERVICE - http://www.rfds.org.au/history.htm 5. HISTORY OF QANTAS - http://users.chariot.net.au/~theburfs/qantaspage.html 6. FLYING BOATS IN AUSTRALIA - http://airlines.afriqonline.com/features/flyboats.htm 7. QANTAS FOUNDERS (ROYAL FLYING DOCTORS SERVICE) - http://www.qfom.com.au/collections/story/rfds.html 8. THE ROYAL FLYING DOCTORS SERVICE - 75 YEARS OLD - http://www.sustainablesocialsolutions.com/featurearticles 9. ROYAL FLYING DOCTORS SERVICE HISTORY- http://users.chariot.net.au/~theburfs/rfds.html 10. ROYAL FLYING DOCTORS SERVICE - http://www.rfds.org.au/history.htm 11. Blainey, Geoffrey, 1994, A Shorter History of Australia, William Heinemann, Australia 12. Parnell, Neville. et al, 1988, Flypast - a Record of Aviation in Australia, Watson and Ferguson & Co, Brisbane, Australia 13. Charles, David, 1974, the story of aircraft - seven decades of powered flight, Octopus books limited, Hong Kong 14. QANTAS FOUNDERS (ROYAL FLYING DOCTORS SERVICE) - http://www.qfom.com.au/collections/story/rfds. ...read more.

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