• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Franklin D Roosevelt and the New Deal.

Extracts from this document...


Franklin D Roosevelt and the New Deal a. Explain the main features of the New Deal In 1932, when Franklin Roosevelt made his 'New Deal' speech America was in severe economic depression. This is why it was welcomed, because America was in need of help and restoration. The New Deal offered relief, recovery and reform, its main new policies being directly associated with unemployment, agriculture, land, and the American industry and economy. To deal with these issues, Roosevelt set up a number of agencies that dealt with them. They became known as the alphabet agencies because they were known with their initials. I will be discussing the main features of the New Deal in more detail in this question. During the depression, farmers had suffered greatly. With over a million people unemployed, and an equal proportion homeless, the cities could not afford to buy all of the food the farmers' were producing. Therefore, their income dropped dramatically, and by 1932, one in twenty of all farm owners had been evicted from their homes for failure to pay mortgage repayments. Roosevelt felt that the best thing to do would be to persuade the farmers to cut their production. In March 1933 the Agriculture Adjustment Administration (AAA) was set up. This provided a system to persuade farmers not to grow as many crops, thus raising farm prices and values and reducing surplus. ...read more.


Seven billion dollars was spent on employing skilled men to build dams, bridges, sewage systems and houses. Hospitals and schools were constructed and a lot of people were given jobs. These agencies intended to give work and produce money were not the only features that the New Deal contained. As many Americans were struggling with poverty and homelessness, Roosevelt set up some schemes to help the needy. The Federal Emergency relief Administration was put into action. It was know as the FERA. This administration was given five hundred million dollars to help the thousands of Americans who were homeless, in desperate poverty, without education and without a lot of nourishment or clothing. Most of the money was used to set up more soup kitchens and breadlines, to provide clothing, schools and employment schemes. The Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) loaned money to over a million people to prevent them from loosing their homes, so they could continue to pay off their mortgages, until they got back onto their feet. These brought up people's living standards and helped them to become more focused again. As for getting America's industry back on to its feet, a number of actions were taken. Another alphabet agency, the NRA (National Recovery Administration) was set up by the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA). ...read more.


The long-term aim of this was to improve the confidence of workers and to encourage them to speak out about issues within companies. With these gradually increasing, workers and employment would rise, as they were being given equal say and fair rights. The Social Security Act was set up in 1935. Many European countries had set up social security to help the old, the sick and the unemployed. America had held back on this, because President Hoover believed that good Americans would provide for they're own future. In 1935 Roosevelt introduced the act, which proposed to give state pension to everyone over 65 years old, to support the handicapped, and support for mothers with dependant children. It also proposed an unemployment insurance scheme to be provided by the individual states, with aid from the federal government. In conclusion, the New Deal and the Second New Deal had main features that all had long term aims to improve America, and to help bring it out of the depth of the depression. There were other smaller acts introduced, but these were all contained in the main features of the New Deal. Roosevelt came to the American people just in time, and they believed that he would help them. There was opposition to the New Deal, but the many numbers of people who needed serious help overcame this, and though the New Deal was not a one hundred percent success, it did improve the lives of millions of Americans. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Why people supported Roosevelt in the 1932 election

    If this is applied to every effect of the New Deal, we will end up with several different conclusions. Every effect has its own piece of evidence to back it up in order to make it reliable. From the sources and our knowledge we can define a more precise answer.

  2. Explain the main features of the New Deal

    to the Supreme court where the supreme court declared that it was the business of the New York State and not Washington. After this 16 cases of the alphabet agencies were under trial and then later the N.R.A was declared unconstitutional losing the American people money and jobs.

  1. How successful was the new deal? Explain why Roosevelt Introduced the New Deal?

    It was also a failure in the respect that it lowered moral by lowering men's dignity. A lot of men were very ashamed by the fact they were receiving charity and were not the providers them self's. It was also said to encourage laziness because if families were getting their

  2. GCSE History Coursework Assignment B - Was the New Deal a Success?

    Also I believe they disagree as one is a self-made businessman who wants to retain his money and not offer support as he is stubborn and Frances Perkins believes in the New Deal and want to better everyone's chance in life, not just the common man.

  1. In this piece of coursework I will be discussing why Franklin D Roosevelt needed ...

    I believe that's the most legitimate reason as to why he was voted in as president in 1932. The American public were suffering and they clearly needed immediate help, they saw that Roosevelt was doing a good job and he could get the country through the depression.

  2. I think Franklin Delano Roosevelt's 'New Deal' was responsible for this. The New Deal ...

    This might have been because some people said that FDR only wanted to become president (like others that had tried in his family). Also with out polio his character might have been completely different, he would have not been through the difficulties others had been through.

  1. Explain the Main Features of the New Deal.

    The Agriculture Adjustment Administration Act (AAA) aimed to stop farmers overproducing food. This would force prices up and make farmers earn more money. Farmers were given money for not producing food because at the time the farmers were producing too much food (therefore driving the prices down)

  2. History depth study coursework-USA 1919-1945.

    written at the start and so does not have much of the information from statistics that Source E has as evidence for its statements. Also Source A, B G, H and J show that these things are true and they make the source more reliable.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work