• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Franklin Roosevelt was first elected president in 1933. He immediately introduced the new deal to try to overcome problems facing the USA. Had the new Deal been successful by 1941?

Extracts from this document...


Franklin Roosevelt was first elected president in 1933. He immediately introduced the new deal to try to overcome problems facing the USA. Had the new Deal been successful by 1941? Explain your answer. The New Deal was President Franklin D. Roosevelt's program to pull the United States out of the Great Depression in the 1930's. It was successful in some areas, but in some it had no effect at all and sometimes made problems worse than they originally started out to be. When Roosevelt became President on March 4, 1933, business was at a standstill. The stock market crash in October 1929 had shattered the prosperity most Americans enjoyed during the 1920's. The depression grew worse during the early 1930's. Banks, small businesses, and factories closed. Workers lost their homes and farmers lost their farms because they could not meet mortgage payments. An estimated 12 to 15 million Americans, 1 out of 4 workers, had no jobs. Roosevelt expressed confidence that the new deal could help to solve the problems of the nation. The new deal, was based on three main themes, or principles. Relief, recovery and reform. The first new deal (1933) was based on relief and recovery. The relief was aimed at the homeless and unemployed of the depression. The recovery was needed for industry and agriculture. The second New Deal (1934-40) was based more on reform and measures to prevent such a depression from happening again. There were many aims which were required to be met within the new deal, to make it work, and to help bring the United States out of its depression. ...read more.


The Tennessee at that time was a dangerous river. Every spring it flooded, washing away millions of tonnes of topsoil and destroying the farms in the area. In the summer, it often dried to a trickle, parching the farmlands. Each year the eroded land of the Tennessee Valley produce fewer and fewer crops. The people living there grew poorer and hungrier until, by 1933, half were living on dole money paid by the state. The Tennessee Valley, an area as large as England and Wales put together, had become what Roosevelt called 'the nation's number one economic problem'. The TVA began building dams on the Tennessee river and its tributaries. At the touch of a button, the dam controllers could close massive sluice-gates to hold back the river when it threatened to flood. In all, the TVA built twenty-one massive dams over the next ten years. The TVA dams bought many benefits to the region. Firstly, they were used to make cheap electricity. Powerful turbines built into the walls of the dams were driven by jets of water released from the lakes behind them. By 1940, the twenty-one dams were producing 3.2 billion kilowatts of electricity each year. A second benefit of the dams came from the lakes that built up behind them. The lakes were long, wide and deep, ideal for water transport. Locks built into the sides of the dams, meant that ships could also now transport their products to different areas for sale, and this increased their profits. Gradually, the poverty of the Tennessee Valley disappeared. By 1940 is was a prosperous area, the pride of Roosevelt's New Deal. ...read more.


Workers were given protection through trade unions and the principle of welfare and social security was established. The American people were given renewed faith and hope in their country. The New Deal saved the USA from the threat of revolution and dictatorship. There was some distribution of wealth and power throughout the American society. Many problems were tacked effectively and extremely successfully such as the banking problem, and the Tennessee Valley problem which were both handled well and gained recognition. The few weaknesses were the in 1938-9, the unemployment figures rose to almost 11 million. It was the Second World War that finally put Americans back to work. There was great opposition to the principle of Federal government interference. Many businesses would not cooperate. Many huge corporations still had immense power despite the New Deal. Support for trade unions caused great industrial unrest. Noting all of the above, my belief is that the New Deal did not end the depression. But it relieved much economic hardship and gave Americans faith in the democratic system at a time when other nations hit by the depression turned to dictators. It was a great success, in some areas, but the opposition facing it, made it less powerful and gave it less influence than it could have had. Great unrest was caused as a result of it and all of its aims had not been met thoroughly. The new Deal Was successful, but not totally and as much as it aimed to be. It didn't consider some of the effects of the decisions involved in it, such as the sharecroppers dilemma. Each resolution made within the new deal needed all the consequences gone through thoroughly to see if the would create the total desired outcome wanted from it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. The New Deal

    Also the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) helped farmers and those in poverty as it created jobs in one of Americas least modernized areas. It reactivated a hydroelectric power plant which provided cheap electric power, food control and recreational opportunities to the entire Tennessee River Valley. Roosevelt also wanted to help the farmers.

  2. What measures did Roosevelt introduce in his 'New Deal' to bring recovery in banking, ...

    Roosevelt had achieved his first aim in the New Deal. He did this by reassuring the public's confidence in the banking system, therefore they would deposit more money in banks because it was in "safe hands". To make sure everything went to plan, FDR and his advisers came up with

  1. "The New Deal brought 'Relief, Recovery and Reform' to the United States 1933-45 "assess ...

    wealth' campaign, proposed to confiscate riches of over $3 million and re-distribute the money between ordinary people. His radical ideas were abruptly halted in 1935 when he was fatally shot outside his office. Father Charley Coughlin a Catholic priest also opposed FDR, he used his religious vocation to his advantage, claiming that Roosevelt was anti-god.

  2. Study the following interpretations of the effects of the New Deal. The New Deal ...

    The source also portrays him as someone who is ready for work and action, as he has his sleeves rolled up. I think that this source is reasonably reliable, as it doesn't seem to be extremely in favour of FDR and the New Deal, but just seems to have support for him.

  1. The United States 1919-1941 - Roosevelt and the New Deal. What are the ...

    He was criticised for not doing enough to improve the economy, to strengthen the unions or to properly resolve unemployment. Source E shows in 1938 unemployment was on the increase again because Roosevelt was forced to cut the budget, and was only reduced again because of the war.

  2. Explain the main features of the New Deal

    For instance Germany and the U.K both had unemployment problems also, but thye took measure to deal with the problem but not as expensively as the USA. By raising so much extra money in taxation, Roosevelt may have actually harmed the the long term prospects for the recovery of the US economy.

  1. How successful was the New Deal?

    In 1933, The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) passed which paid farmers to stop producing crops. This would result in being less produce to sell and the prices of crops would increase because of the small amount of them which would benefit the farmers. The act also gave loans to farmers which provided them with equipment to save them from eviction and encouraging soil conservation.

  2. Was the New Deal a success? (Source based questions)

    However, the writer was not hired to write what he wrote and these are genuine words of content. This man represents the people who cannot afford to live their old life and have been forced to apply for loans, re-mortgage their homes, etc.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work