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Franklin Roosevelt was first elected president in 1933. He immediately introduced the new deal to try to overcome problems facing the USA. Had the new Deal been successful by 1941?

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Introduction

Franklin Roosevelt was first elected president in 1933. He immediately introduced the new deal to try to overcome problems facing the USA. Had the new Deal been successful by 1941? Explain your answer. The New Deal was President Franklin D. Roosevelt's program to pull the United States out of the Great Depression in the 1930's. It was successful in some areas, but in some it had no effect at all and sometimes made problems worse than they originally started out to be. When Roosevelt became President on March 4, 1933, business was at a standstill. The stock market crash in October 1929 had shattered the prosperity most Americans enjoyed during the 1920's. The depression grew worse during the early 1930's. Banks, small businesses, and factories closed. Workers lost their homes and farmers lost their farms because they could not meet mortgage payments. An estimated 12 to 15 million Americans, 1 out of 4 workers, had no jobs. Roosevelt expressed confidence that the new deal could help to solve the problems of the nation. The new deal, was based on three main themes, or principles. Relief, recovery and reform. The first new deal (1933) was based on relief and recovery. The relief was aimed at the homeless and unemployed of the depression. The recovery was needed for industry and agriculture. The second New Deal (1934-40) was based more on reform and measures to prevent such a depression from happening again. There were many aims which were required to be met within the new deal, to make it work, and to help bring the United States out of its depression. ...read more.

Middle

The Tennessee at that time was a dangerous river. Every spring it flooded, washing away millions of tonnes of topsoil and destroying the farms in the area. In the summer, it often dried to a trickle, parching the farmlands. Each year the eroded land of the Tennessee Valley produce fewer and fewer crops. The people living there grew poorer and hungrier until, by 1933, half were living on dole money paid by the state. The Tennessee Valley, an area as large as England and Wales put together, had become what Roosevelt called 'the nation's number one economic problem'. The TVA began building dams on the Tennessee river and its tributaries. At the touch of a button, the dam controllers could close massive sluice-gates to hold back the river when it threatened to flood. In all, the TVA built twenty-one massive dams over the next ten years. The TVA dams bought many benefits to the region. Firstly, they were used to make cheap electricity. Powerful turbines built into the walls of the dams were driven by jets of water released from the lakes behind them. By 1940, the twenty-one dams were producing 3.2 billion kilowatts of electricity each year. A second benefit of the dams came from the lakes that built up behind them. The lakes were long, wide and deep, ideal for water transport. Locks built into the sides of the dams, meant that ships could also now transport their products to different areas for sale, and this increased their profits. Gradually, the poverty of the Tennessee Valley disappeared. By 1940 is was a prosperous area, the pride of Roosevelt's New Deal. ...read more.

Conclusion

Workers were given protection through trade unions and the principle of welfare and social security was established. The American people were given renewed faith and hope in their country. The New Deal saved the USA from the threat of revolution and dictatorship. There was some distribution of wealth and power throughout the American society. Many problems were tacked effectively and extremely successfully such as the banking problem, and the Tennessee Valley problem which were both handled well and gained recognition. The few weaknesses were the in 1938-9, the unemployment figures rose to almost 11 million. It was the Second World War that finally put Americans back to work. There was great opposition to the principle of Federal government interference. Many businesses would not cooperate. Many huge corporations still had immense power despite the New Deal. Support for trade unions caused great industrial unrest. Noting all of the above, my belief is that the New Deal did not end the depression. But it relieved much economic hardship and gave Americans faith in the democratic system at a time when other nations hit by the depression turned to dictators. It was a great success, in some areas, but the opposition facing it, made it less powerful and gave it less influence than it could have had. Great unrest was caused as a result of it and all of its aims had not been met thoroughly. The new Deal Was successful, but not totally and as much as it aimed to be. It didn't consider some of the effects of the decisions involved in it, such as the sharecroppers dilemma. Each resolution made within the new deal needed all the consequences gone through thoroughly to see if the would create the total desired outcome wanted from it. ...read more.

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