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From 1750-1900 British towns changed rapidly and it was a change for the better

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From 1750-1900 British towns changed rapidly and it was a change for the better In 1750 only 20% of Britain's population lived in towns. This was because the other 80% were farmers who lived in small villages and supported themselves, as each farmer had their own strip of land to farm, this was called 'the open-field system' but as the population grew more food was needed to feed the extra people and so 'the enclosure system' was developed, this meant that less farmers were needed as the new larger fields opened up opportunity for new modern machinery. This meant the growing population were looking for jobs other than farming. By 1830 50% of the population lived in towns. ...read more.


The first answer to this was the canals, which was the fastest and most reliable form of transport at the time; it could also carry more goods than the horse and cart. By 1825, built by George Stevenson, the first railway opened between Stockton and Darlington. This was very successful and was soon making a profit and so railways began to spread across the country. Because of the trains speed and ability to carry much more goods than any previous form of transport it meant that the growth in industry in towns could continue. During the industrial revolution there wasn't a lot that stayed the same, but something's did stay the same until near the end of the 19th century. ...read more.


Firstly the huge improvement in transport, in 1750 everything had to be transported by horse and cart or by boat around the coast or on navigable rivers, and by horse it took 5-6 days to travel from London to Edinburgh. By the end of the industrial revolution you could travel from London to Edinburgh by train in just 10 hours. Because of the strong economy the country became richer and so by the end of the industrial revolution, such things as the police force had been set-up, also attending school had become compulsory for 5-11 year olds. Also people were richer, so the quality of housing improved and the towns were richer so were cleaner and had proper sewage systems for example. All basically meaning that quality of life improved, not only for the working class but also for everyone. ...read more.

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