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G.C.S.E History Coursework: Civil Rights 2

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G.C.S.E History Coursework: Civil Rights 2 Nikki Robinson The situation for the blacks in the 1960's was just as tough as ever before and economic problems were rising. Many blacks lived in Ghettoes such as "Watts" in LA, which had many drug problems. Riots were also becoming more frequent due to police brutality. Blacks increasingly believed that the white officers were using riots as an excuse to terrorise and intimidate the local population. They also believed that judges were very racist. One of the main problems though was the fact that blacks couldn't vote unless they took an IQ test, which the whites made impossible to complete. Without the vote, blacks couldn't change the racist sheriffs, politicians, police officers etc. In 1960's, blacks began to disagree among themselves about the best ways to gain more civil rights. Dr. Martin Luther King started to find himself in a position where he no longer had the control that he used to over the black's civil rights movement and also found that his idea of bringing the changes peacefully falling away beneath his feet. ...read more.


He thought this was the only way to gain "real revolution". One of the main reasons why the "Black Nationalism" group got so much support was because blacks had begun to think that there was no way that whites and blacks could live together and that Martin Luther Kings theory was not moving them forward fast enough. They despised whites and would use any kind of violence to get their point across. "Say it loud, I'm black and I'm proud" was one of the phrases used a lot by this group; they also raised their fists as though punching into the air as a slogan for "Black Power", this had an attractive ring to it. This slogan was even used at the Olympic games in 1968. This outraged many whites. The "S.C.L.C" run by Martin Luther King believed in non - violent methods of protest such as sittings and freedom rides. There were "stand-ins" at theatres and "pray-ins" at "white churches" only. One of the most famous sittings was Four black students took seats at a segregated lunch counter in Woolworth's. ...read more.


In August 1965, after the march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama the blacks gained the voting acts right which stopped blacks from voting. This was a big step forward as it meant that they could make changes in the law. They already had a lot of support from President Johnston, "We must overcome the crippling legacy of bigotry and injustice. And we shall overcome". Johnston was trying to improve life for blacks since the insistent in Mississippi, 1964 when two white and one black body was found in a dam after trying to register black voters. They had been arrested by Police, later realised to the Ku Klux Clan and then brutally murdered. There was a six-week federal investigation and Johnston supported this all the way. On April the 4th 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee, Martin Luther King was shot dead on the balcony outside his hotel room. King later became the symbol of protest in the struggle for racial justice. Many blacks continued supporting the non-violent ascertainment of freedom and equality, while some started to support the "Black Nationalist" group after Kings death. Either way, these men were working toward the same goal: freedom and choice for African people all over America. ...read more.

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