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GALLIPOLI MODEL A2 Question 2. Source H suggests that poor planning and Winston Churchill were responsible for what went wrong at Gallipoli. Is there sufficient evidence in sources D to J to support this interpretation? Use the sources and your own knowl

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Introduction

CW 2nd July 08 GALLIPOLI MODEL A2 Question 2. Source H suggests that poor planning and Winston Churchill were responsible for what went wrong at Gallipoli. Is there sufficient evidence in sources D to J to support this interpretation? Use the sources and your own knowledge to explain your answer. I feel that the sources do not entirely support the interpretation that poor planning and Winston Churchill were responsible for what went wrong at Gallipoli. Although they mainly do agree, most of them have taken other factors such as: the geography of Gallipoli and the Turks being strong into consideration as well. From my own knowledge I know there are many reasons why the Gallipoli campaign failed including the ones mentioned above. Poor planning had a major impact on the Gallipoli campaign, and several of the sources agree that this was the main problem. Source H hints that part of the problem was poor planning, it does this by saying-"poorly trained officers applying poorly trained tactics" this suggests they think that if it had been better planned the solders and they tactics would have been better trained and prepared. I think that this source is very reliable because a historian for a GCSE history textbook writes it and therefore the author (Cate Brett) ...read more.

Middle

Source H is the only source that directly links Winston Churchill to being responsible for the failing of the Gallipoli campaign. " In part this was due to the involvement of Winston Churchill. His errors of judgement and humiliation at the failure of the assault." None of the other sources mention Winston Churchill. From the DVD- "the line of fire" I know that Winston Churchill made the plans and therefore it could be argued that the poor planning was down to Winston Churchill as well. Another reason that the Gallipoli campaign failed was because of the Turks strong defence and good planning. As shown in source D the Turks were well prepared and well organised- " The Turks had sited their trenches very cleverly and it was often useless to attack one set before another had been taken" although this source might not be completely reliable as said earlier, from my own knowledge I know that this is true because I know that there was a stalemate on the western front which meant that the Turks had made in impossible for the British and ANZAC troops to advance towards the peninsula. Source F also shows the Turks strong defence along the Dardanelles. The map shows that the Dardanelles was nearly completed covered in mines that were carefully planned and placed. ...read more.

Conclusion

The geography of the peninsular worked to the Turks advantage and there was nothing the allies could have done except fight in a different place to win the campaign. This source is reliable because it is a factual not emotional account of what happened, it is written using the evidence that many other people have created therefore it is less likely to be bias because it has many sides of the story. The author was not personally involved so would not have any reason to make one side sound better than the other. He also wrote it quite a long time after the event, which means he has the advantage of being able to look at a lot more sources and compare them so making his source more reliable. In conclusion I think that the sources do agree with the statement that poor planning and Winston Churchill were responsible for what went wrong at Gallipoli. But they also suggest several other factors played a part in it as well. They blame poor leadership, the geography of the peninsular and the strength of the Turks. Using my own knowledge and the DVD " the line of fire" I know that these were the main causes of the failure to the campaign. ...read more.

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