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Gallipoli - source related study

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Introduction

History: Gallipoli Assignment 1. How useful are the views of Anzac soldiers at Gallipoli suggested in Sources A, B and C. Explain your answer. Source A seems to tell us that the Anzac soldiers were unprofessional and lazy in their duties. The first cartoon portrays a soldier unprofessionally dressed, also the soldier is yawning, which gives me the impression that he is lazy. Furthermore at the top of the cartoon it says 'The Hopeless Dawn', this suggests that the artist believes the Anzac soldiers are unprofessional in their duties. At the bottom of the cartoon it says 'Standing Tall 4.30 am', even though these are the early hours of the morning this would not be acceptable for a soldier to do. Overall the first cartoon depicts the Anzac soldiers as 'Hopeless', hence I believe that according to this source the views of the Anzac soldiers at Gallipoli were not very useful. The cartoon could possibly have been biased or it could have been propaganda. The second cartoon is unclear about what it is representing, the cartoon shows an Anzac soldier smoking. ...read more.

Middle

Use the sources and your knowledge to explain your answer. Source D suggest that 'lightheartedly' attacks and the lack of attention paid to the people in charge were to blame on why the campaign failed. It also suggests that the intelligence and hard work of the Turks was also a factor that affected the failed campaign. The fact that the trenches became 'congested' was also a reason why the campaign failed according to source D. Also amateur decisions and disregarding decisions were what made the campaign fail. There is sufficient evidence to support the fact that poor planning was responsible for what went wrong at Gallipoli. Nevertheless the information was written some time after the campaign, so maybe a few important details were left out due to forgetfulness. Source E is very critical of the organisation of the army. It does not stop criticising the organisation of the soldiers, it also talks of the laziness of some of the army. It also says that the generals gave patchy instructions and a lot of the orders were left up to the minor soldiers to sort out. ...read more.

Conclusion

It must have correct information, as it would not feed its GCSE pupils lies. It talks of the total lack of organisation of the British army, which was due to Winston Churchill's errors of judgement. It also unearths some information that Britain were slightly arrogant and decided to underestimate their task, obviously they paid for this mistake, as the campaign failed. They used hardly any intelligence in the area prior to the attack, and they applied poorly trained tactics. I believe this source provides sufficient and correct evidence to support the interpretation that poor planning and Winston Churchill were responsible for what went wrong at Gallipoli. Source I shows us an overview of the poor planning of the Allied Expeditionary Forces. They have planned poorly, this may be due to the apathy of the generals/leaders or the failure of Winston Churchill to inflict discipline on his generals. Poor planning and arrogance are the main concerns, of why the campaign failed. In general there is more than enough sufficient evidence to suggest that poor planning and Winston Churchill were responsible for what went wrong at Gallipoli. Only one or two sources were in favour of Winston Churchill, which I believe were biased. Hence it is correct to penalize Winston Churchill and inapt planning for causing the failure of Gallipoli. ...read more.

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