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GCSE Coursework Assignment 2

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Introduction

GCSE Coursework Assignment 2. A. I think historians studying Kristallnacht would find source B more useful. This is because it seems more reliable out of the two sources. This source is a secret report, so therefore they can write what they want as it is not for publication. But it is the Nazi version of events, so they would want it to seem as if Kristallnacht was a spontaneous event. This source does give facts, as it tells you the date of the dinner. This report was written closer to Kristallnacht than source A. This might mean that source A is not as reliable. Source A could also be useful, because Hesse was an eyewitness. He also tells you Goebbels planned it and was looking for Hitler's approval. But Hesse worked for the Nazi Party, so you could ask if he really would be saying this or if he really heard the whispers. Source A is a summary of Fritz Hesse's account, so maybe important details were left out. This is also Hesse's opinion on the events, but he does give facts, like the date of the dinner. Hesse wrote his account some years after the events, so there is a possibility that he could have forgotten or left out some important details. Source A suggests possible Nazi involvement directly as this account tells you that Goebbels told Hitler about the planned attacks before they had happened. Source B suggests that the Nazis were involved indirectly as it says that the attacks were not to be started by the Party but any spontaneous attacks were not to be stopped. ...read more.

Middle

I think this because it was written 33 years after the conversation and Frau Troost may not have remembered it fully or she may have withheld information as she was biased and supported Hitler. This source does not really reliable, as it is not entirely believable because at that time there was hardly any chance of France making any kind of agreement with Germany. Germany had been re-arming openly since 1934/35, and had broken the Treaty of Versailles a few times, so they were not concerned with making peace with France or Great Britain. There is also the chance that she chose very carefully about what she said, maybe it was out of loyalty to Hitler, even after all those years. Source I does not really prove that Goering was telling the truth in source H because source H blames Goebbels, indirectly, for Kristallnacht whereas in source I Hitler does not say who is responsible, and it sounds as if he does not know who is to blame. F. 'Kristallnacht was a spontaneous event by the German people.' This claim is supported by three of these sources and six of them disagree with the statement. So more sources agree that Kristallnacht was a planned event by the Nazis, but you cannot be sure of this as it depends on the provenance of the sources. Source A tells you that it was a planned attack as Hesse wrote that that he overheard Goebbels telling Hitler about the attacks before he event took place. ...read more.

Conclusion

This makes it fairly unreliable as she may have missed out some important details, but I think she was biased, as her husband was one of Hitler's favourite architects, so she gained from Hitler. There is also the possibility that Hitler had lied to her, as there clearly was no chance that France and Germany would make peace at that time. Most of these sources disagree with the statement and imply that Nazis were involved indirectly with Kristallnacht, some more subtlety than others. But with most of these sources there something unreliable about them, so you do not know whether to believe it or not. Most of these sources do not support this claim so all of them point towards the Nazis planning the event. I think that the Nazis planned the event, and I think that the killing of Roth was the perfect excuse to start it. I think this because the sources that are the most reliable point towards Kristallnacht being planned, and because it makes more sense if it was planned. I think there might have been some aspects of spontaneity, as the propaganda may have influenced some Germans to hate the Jews so they may have started some with the help of disguised Nazi police officers. More than one source tells us that Goebbels had a part in the planning of the Kristallnacht, so that's another possibility. I do not think these sources support the claim very much, because a lot of them are unreliable and some of them seem to be biased, either against the Nazis or for the Nazis. ...read more.

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