• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Germany, 1918-1945 - Treaty of Versailles.

Extracts from this document...


Germany, 1918-1945 Question 1. Treaty of Versailles The Treaty of Versailles was the first peace keeping treaty after the First World War. Its aims were to demilitarise, claim compensation and to keep peace with Germany. The signing of the treaty was humiliating and a great embarrassment for Germany and therefore Germany wasn't represented. It was only the victors who attended. In the end, Germany resulted in a great loss of land. Germany also had to pay for the damage it had caused. These were called Respiration Payments, which were instalments of �6600 million. They couldn't pay it because their land had been taken away and had loses to amend, too. Because of this, Germany had to print more money to pay the instalments. Money then lost its value, which led to hyperinflation. Germany's armed forces were cut to 100,000 people; the navy was allowed 6 battleships and no U-boats. They weren't allowed to have an airforce at all. Of course, this upset Germany's armed forces as the majority of them were laid off. This all Helped Hitler's rise to power because the armed forces were out of jobs and Hitler promised reforms of change to put it straight which encouraged the armed forces to vote for him. ...read more.


So, with the aid of Hitler's oratory skills, his personality and leadership, Hitler detested the terms of the Treaty of Versailles in his speeches and like the public, wanted something done about it. Therefore, he promised to make changes in order to regain Germany's humiliating losses. This helped as the public shared the same views as Hitler and so supported him. Then there was the economic depression of 1923 and then 1929. The facts that Germany couldn't afford the Respiration Payments, there was masses of unemployment, higher taxes and hyperinflation meant that Germany was loosing hope. They already were receiving loans from USA to help pay of Respiration Payments. Then when Hitler uses his oratory skills and protests he will lower the taxes, lower the unemployment status, set a new currency to stop inflation, Germany believed they had nothing to loose. So, this too, helps Hitler's rise to power. One other element of Hitler's rise to power is his oratory skills. Since he began his rise to power, he had always been a powerful and meaningful speaker. Hitler, although being a quiet man, was an excellent public speaker. ...read more.


These propelled the Nazi party to new heights of daring, which was highly linked with the speeches Hitler gave and the promotional stunts that the Nazi party held. The party's tactics were very good and effective in their rise to power. However the success was really thanks to Hitler and the character that in the beginning I believe he was portraying but later became. I believe that if the Treaty was not brought forward, the country wouldn't have stumbled into a state of depression and Hitler would never have successfully raised the amount of strong morale that he did, mainly due to pure human conscience. Not many people believe in the majority of the Nazi party's actions and politics. However, there were usually one or two points mostly of unemployment or the stabilising of money, of which the Treaty of Versailles was the cause of; that no one else had offered the German sufferers until then. Their time was that moment; to be the biggest and the best organised and supported party that Germany had had since the war. The people did not know that Hitler's rise to power could cause another. C:\My Documents\Germany 1918-1945\Kelly Duggan.doc ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Treaty Of versailles

    5 star(s)

    Question: Germany was treated fairly at Versailles. How far do you agree with this statement? I do not agree with this statement to a certain extent. I believe that Germany was treated unfairly at Versailles. The Treaty of Versailles was a peace settlement signed after World War one had ended in 1918.

  2. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    Hitler did not take them seriously, other than in the way he could use the separate points to gain support. KD Bracher "Ideologically speaking, it was a woolly, eclectic mixture of political, social, racist, national-imperialist wishful thinking ... To him [Hitler], it was little more than an effective, persuasive propaganda weapon for mobilising and manipulating the masses.

  1. Explain how the Treaty of Versailles created many problems for Germany in the period ...

    They said they had been 'stabbed in the back,' and by this they meant they could have won the war if the politicians had not made peace. The reactions of the Germans after the allegations and the way they had been treated were that they were annoyed with the government and believed they had been cheated.

  2. Between 1933 and 1945 Hitler and the Nazi Part were successful in their creation ...

    This is because the Nazis and Hitler saw women bearing the responsibility of bearing and bringing up the future leaders of Germany. They were expected to be housewives and were banned from jobs and higher education. In reality the Nazis seemed to have different priorities which were economically based (i.e.

  1. How did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to Hitler’s rise to power?

    I propose that the government be formed consisting of a regent and a prime minister invested with dictatorial powers...the government of the November Criminals and the Reich president is declared to be removed... I propose that, until accounts have been finally settled with the November criminals the direction of National government be taken over by me.

  2. Unit 1 Play: The Resistible rise of Arturo Ui -Plot Prologue: ...

    "I should never have accepted this estate." He fears an investigation may be carried out. "Last night the City Council decided to investigate the Cauliflower Trust's projected docks." Ui and accomplices force their way in, wanting Dogsborough's support in getting a protection deal with the Trust.

  1. Describe and explain the rise to power of Hitler and the Nazi's (with reference ...

    will have to use Democracy to destroy itself" while he was in prison, so he had clearly shown that he was going to use the democratic system to get into power. Also while in prison Hitler wrote his book, "Mein Kampf" (My Struggle)

  2. adolf hitler

    One writer who influenced Hitler while in prison was Henry Ford, the American car-manufacturer. Hitler read Ford's autobiography, My Life and Work, and a book of his called The International Jew. In the latter Ford claimed that there was a Jewish conspiracy to take over the world.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work