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Germany. Although the country was a new state and weak in places, a balance had to be utilised through foreign policy to preserve the new state.

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HIGHER HISTORY ESSAY THEME 3 Although the country was a new state and weak in places, a balance had to be utilised through foreign policy to preserve the new state. The alliance system was an important factor in preserving the new state, but so to were Colonialism, Weltpolitik and Mittleuropa. Although the alliances were successful in safeguarding the country, it was also a factor in explaining the outbreak of World War one. Bismarck wanted to consolidate the gains he'd made up until now and preserve Germany from conflict by isolating France and preventing them from seeking revenge for the defeat of 1871. The Treaty of Frankfurt, which ended the war with France, entailed a number of harsh measures. Most importantly, the surrender of Alsace and Lorraine and the reparations of five billion pounds. In contrast to this, if France could re-emerge from this hindrance then Bismarck would need to tackle it by a series of alliances. ...read more.


Colonialism was at an all time low and something had to be embraced to compete economically with other powers whilst at the same time, maintaining power and prestige. Overseas territory was acquired quite rapidly by many European nations, which was why pressure was placed upon the government, not only by explorers and traders but also by industrialists and nationalists. They formed the Kolonialverband in 1882 as they thought that by having colonies, it would provide the country with raw materials and goods, which would promote German supremacy. As a result, colonial expansion developed in African and Asian territories i.e. Pacific Islands, Togo and Cameroon. It brought Germany into conflict with Great Britain, which proved a success. The colonial expansion of Germany brought many benefits as Germany was able to sell their goods instead of imported goods, which was a boost for the economy. Therefore due to the inclusion of territory into the German sphere, it proved a success in promoting German interests and preserving the state. ...read more.


The Navy was engineered by Admiral Von Tirpitz and backed by merchant shipping magnates as well as Iron and Steel manufacturers. Due to the naval law being passed, it did mount tension as Britain saw it as a threat to their security, hence the attempt to build an elite ship, the Dreadnought, which made others obsolete in comparison to this and as a result, the Naval Race was thrust into action. It was however a failure for Germany as they only had 17 to Britain's 29. German foreign policy aroused widespread alarm, especially in Germany, consequently leading to Germany's isolation. Therefore, due to such harsh measures undertaken by the Kaiser, it would lead to failure and even although there were some good benefits, there were also some bad, which would cripple the preservation of the state. Due to the increasing isolation of Germany, some decisive measures had to be embraced to preserve the security of the new state. After the Franco-Russian alliance had been established, Europe was organised into two armed camps. ...read more.

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