• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Germany. Although the country was a new state and weak in places, a balance had to be utilised through foreign policy to preserve the new state.

Extracts from this document...


HIGHER HISTORY ESSAY THEME 3 Although the country was a new state and weak in places, a balance had to be utilised through foreign policy to preserve the new state. The alliance system was an important factor in preserving the new state, but so to were Colonialism, Weltpolitik and Mittleuropa. Although the alliances were successful in safeguarding the country, it was also a factor in explaining the outbreak of World War one. Bismarck wanted to consolidate the gains he'd made up until now and preserve Germany from conflict by isolating France and preventing them from seeking revenge for the defeat of 1871. The Treaty of Frankfurt, which ended the war with France, entailed a number of harsh measures. Most importantly, the surrender of Alsace and Lorraine and the reparations of five billion pounds. In contrast to this, if France could re-emerge from this hindrance then Bismarck would need to tackle it by a series of alliances. ...read more.


Colonialism was at an all time low and something had to be embraced to compete economically with other powers whilst at the same time, maintaining power and prestige. Overseas territory was acquired quite rapidly by many European nations, which was why pressure was placed upon the government, not only by explorers and traders but also by industrialists and nationalists. They formed the Kolonialverband in 1882 as they thought that by having colonies, it would provide the country with raw materials and goods, which would promote German supremacy. As a result, colonial expansion developed in African and Asian territories i.e. Pacific Islands, Togo and Cameroon. It brought Germany into conflict with Great Britain, which proved a success. The colonial expansion of Germany brought many benefits as Germany was able to sell their goods instead of imported goods, which was a boost for the economy. Therefore due to the inclusion of territory into the German sphere, it proved a success in promoting German interests and preserving the state. ...read more.


The Navy was engineered by Admiral Von Tirpitz and backed by merchant shipping magnates as well as Iron and Steel manufacturers. Due to the naval law being passed, it did mount tension as Britain saw it as a threat to their security, hence the attempt to build an elite ship, the Dreadnought, which made others obsolete in comparison to this and as a result, the Naval Race was thrust into action. It was however a failure for Germany as they only had 17 to Britain's 29. German foreign policy aroused widespread alarm, especially in Germany, consequently leading to Germany's isolation. Therefore, due to such harsh measures undertaken by the Kaiser, it would lead to failure and even although there were some good benefits, there were also some bad, which would cripple the preservation of the state. Due to the increasing isolation of Germany, some decisive measures had to be embraced to preserve the security of the new state. After the Franco-Russian alliance had been established, Europe was organised into two armed camps. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. How successful was Bismarckas Chancellor in his foreign policies between 1871-1890?

    Due to this reason, it would be impossible to avoid a conflict between these two powers. AJP Taylor emphasized precisely that reason of the existence of the Dreikaiserbund, considering "Its object insofar as it had one, was to prevent a conflict between Austria-Hungary and Russia in the Eastern Question".

  2. The Long Fuse by Laurence Lafore - Chapter Three: The Europe of the Armed ...

    The German Chancellor said that Italy needed to choose between being completely faithful to Germany, or merely flirting with France. This slight change was, the Germans observed, in its beginning stages, but they also saw that it could turn out to be dangerous.

  1. Mao Gandhi Compare Contrast Essay

    Shortage of arms and technology forced them to frustrate the government in such ways. KMT soldiers often stripped peasants from their food, wealth and possession, which influenced peasants to accept the stances of 'secret rebels' and support the Communists. When Mao rose as head of China power, the situation became worse, especially on the onslaught of the Cultural Revolution.

  2. German Foreign Policy - To what extent was the German Foreign Policy responsible ...

    The German naval expansion program had many domestic supporters. The Kaiser deeply admired the navy of his grandmother, Queen Victoria of Britain, and wanted one as large for himself. Powerful lobbying groups in Germany desired a large navy to give Germany a worldwide role and to protect a growing German colonial empire in Africa and the Pacific.

  1. The New Deal

    All banks who were capable of reopening were reopened under a licence. Roosevelt had given the banking system much needed time and space to avoid panic. Overall, the main features of the New Deal were the 'Alphabet Agencies,' the ones that I have mentioned are just 6 out of 15

  2. "The Versailles Peace Settlement failed to secure British Foreign Policy interests"

    In parliamentary politics, a balance of power refers to the position held by one party, or a coalition, whose support of a minority parliament, can give a major party enough votes to be able to form a stable government. This can be achieved either by the formation of a coalition

  1. To what extent did nationalism within the Austria-Hungarian Empire contribute to the outbreak of ...

    For example, the State Socialism was introduced in Bismarck's anti-socialism policy. Besides, Bismarck also helped in Germany's economic development. Industry and commerce prospered after 1870. His adoption of protectionist policy aided the home industrialists and merchants a great deal. Thus, form Bismarck's main internal policies, it is seen that he

  2. The Congress of Vienna

    The had different economic policies: o Belgium--- Protectionism; Holland--- Conservative o After combination, Holland chose the Dutch to be the king. * VI. The had different political policy: o Belgium--- Liberal ideas; Holland--- Conservative * VII. Belgians needed to help Holland to pay their debts.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work