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"Germany must bear ultimate responsibility for the outbreak of the First World War." How far do you agree with this judgment?

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"Germany must bear ultimate responsibility for the outbreak of the First World War." How far do you agree with this judgment? Although Germans had a great part in the outbreak of the First World War, all responsibility must not lay on her, for she was not the only country involved in the outbreak. Many will argue that "Germany must bear ultimate responsibility for the outbreak," but historical evidence proves that this is not so. First of all, it is Serbia who provoked the initiation of the First World War. This provocation came in the assassination of Austria's Archduke Ferdinand and his wife, by a Pan-Slavic nationalist. ...read more.


Refusing to accept this stipulation, the Serbian government refused to accept the entire ultimatum. This refusal caused Austria to declare war on Serbian, on July 28. Although historian John G. Stoessinger says in Why Nations Go To War, that the German Kaiser wanted Austria to punish Serbia as quickly as possible, historian Sidney Bradshaw Fay argues, in The Origin of War, that Germany became involved in the war because they were being true to a treaty of alliance they made with Austria in 1878. Finally, Russia also has blame in the outbreak of the First World War because she had an influence in the decision made by Serbia. ...read more.


France's involvement called Britain to join the war, since they had a treaty with France. The main reason for these secret treaties was because every European country wanted to expand and these treaties were a safeguard, in case they faced an emergency. In conclusion, Germany can not "bear ultimate responsibility for the outbreak of the First World War," since Austria-Hungary, Serbia and Russia had fault in its outbreak. At this time, every European nation wanted to show their power to the rest of the world and, unfortunately, this war was a way to do so. Germany can not be accused of having caused the war, when in reality, other countries have the blame. According to Bradshaw Fay, "Germany did not plan a European war, did not want one, and made genuine, ... to avert one." ...read more.

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