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"Germany was responsible for causing the 1st World War" Do you agree?

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"Germany was responsible for causing the 1st World War" Do you agree? The world fell into war in 1914, due to a series of events throughout Europe. This is an essay to explore whether Germany was the cause of the 1st world war. Germany was responsible for creating a lot of the tension in Europe leading up to the 1st world war. In 1906 Kaiser Wilhelm II built the 'dreadnoughts', there was no apparent reason for the building of these ships, but to instil fear in Germany's enemies. The 'dreadnoughts' were seen as naval rivalry and a means of Germany stating that they were more powerful than any other country. The building of the 'dreadnoughts' started off a naval race between England and Germany, to see who could manufacture the largest and most impressive system of ships. In 1870 Prussia, in Germany, conquered Alsace-Lorraine, in France. Alsace-Lorraine was a highly desirable place to conquer; it had excellent coalmines and iron mines ideal for manufacturing steel. France was furious that the Germans, and Wilhelm I, had taken Alsace-Lorraine, and were eager for revenge, and to reclaim Alsace-Lorraine. ...read more.


This plan unfortunately involved the whole of Europe. The idea of the Schlieffen Plan was for Germany to knock out France in six weeks, then turn around and take out Russia. Six weeks was the length of time it would take Frances' ally, Russia to get its army up and running. The plan was that when war was declared Germany would invade France through Belgium, encircle Paris then knock out the French troops that were heading for Germany through Alsace-Lorraine. Belgium was declared neutral in 1830 so it was unexpected for Germany to go though Belgium it get to France. The Schlieffen Plan was to be put into practice in 1914 the year before France would overtake Germany in the arms race. Having decided that Germany would attack in 1914, the Germans needed and excuse to go to war. The Germans blew the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, in Austria-Hungary, completely out of proportion so that they had a reason to put the Schlieffen Plan into action. The terrorist group the 'Black Hand' sought independence, and to promote their case into the public eye they decided to assassinate Franz Ferdinand. ...read more.


The Russians had lots of time to get ready as the Germans were held up in Belgium, and the Russians invaded Germany. The Schlieffen Plan was only supposed to be a war against France and was only supposed to take six weeks. It was an oversight, on the Germans part, that England got involved. This was supposed to be over quick and to ensure that the French wouldn't try to reclaim Alsace-Lorraine. Although Germany caused a lot of the tension in Europe that lead up to the world war several things were done unintentionally. Some of the tension in Europe was not caused by Germany. The problems between Russia and Austria-Hungary over Serbia and Bosnia weren't caused by Germany. Russia provided Serbia with weapons, as they were fellow orthodox Christians and felt obliged to help them. Serbia sold the weapons onto Bosnia. The terrorist group the 'Black Hand', from Bosnia, then used these weapons to assassinate Franz Ferdinand. Germany was not responsible for this. These arguments show that Germany could not be held solely responsible for causing the 1st world war, but in retrospect there are many reasons why German played a big part in the tension evident in Europe leading up to World War 1. ...read more.

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