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haig coursework

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Introduction

1. The message of the source is that in 1916, one year before this cartoon was published; General Haig had not been present on the frontline at the Battle of the Somme. This is shown by "the absence of the General, Sir." This suggests that in 1916 many men believed that because General Haig was not with them on the frontline, the fighting they were doing was just a rehearsal. This is also shown by the Major General addressing the men and not General Haig himself. Which suggests that Haig did not want to be a part of the battle himself. Just wanted to conduct from a distance how the battle went. This refers to the fact, that in 1916, Haig was at his base 40 miles behind the frontline and never visited the frontline during the battle. This also refers to the fact that many people called him 'the Butcher' because he sent many men to their death but never in front of his own eyes. In source A the cartoonist is criticising General Haig because it suggests that during the war he never visited the font-line to see how his men were fighting "...there's a difference between rehearsal and the real thing...The absence of the general" This shows that the ...read more.

Middle

In source E it shows "expressed my doubts...cavalry could ever operate successfully on a front...miles with barbed wire and machine guns." This suggests that Lloyd George did not agree with the way Haig was planning the battle, although he did not bring this up with him, but praised him for his work. This refers to the fact that in 1916 at the Battle of the Somme Field Marshall Haig was never told the truth about how badly his plan was, only told that all was going well and the enemy were on the verge of surrendering. This also refers to the fact throughout the battle Haig stuck to his plan to send his men 'over the top' and advance towards enemy lines under heavy machine gunfire, and never once did he change it. 4. Haig wrote source F in June 1916, just before the battle of the Somme, because he was preparing for the 'war of attrition'. This is shown by "...no amount of skill...no amount of training...no amount of superiouty of arms or ammunition...will enable victories to be won without the sacrifice of men's lives." This suggests that Haig knows there will be many losses during the battle and people must come to terms with this fact. ...read more.

Conclusion

This suggests that Haig did not know that his plan was not working as smoothly as it should have and kept to the same tactics thinking that they were in fact working. Source E supports this statement because it shows hw old Haig's tactics actually were and that they were more than likely to fail. This is shown by 'I drove through squadrons of cavalry' this suggests that when Haig fought in wars he was used to there being cavalry and saw this as the best way to win, this being why he used them himself in the Battle of the Somme. Source F supports the statement because Haig writes about how they will have to be losses to win and that he does not seem to care how many of his own men die as ling as he wins the battle. This is shown by 'No amount of skill...no training...no superiority of arms and ammunition...will enable victories to be won without the sacrifice of men's lives.' This suggests that Haig believes that only way to win the battle is to sacrifice his men. This refers to the fact that on the first day of the battle there were 60,000 allies dead or wounded, but Haig was told the Germans were on the verge of surrendering. This also refers to the fact that ...read more.

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