• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Health and Education during the Industrial Revolution

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

HEALTH AND EDUCATION DURING THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION NAMAN SHAH VIII- C HEALTH The Industrial Revolution was the period of time from 1750 to 1900 where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, and transport had a profound effect on the socioeconomic and cultural conditions in the United Kingdom. The onset of the Industrial Revolution marked a major turning point in human history; almost every aspect of daily life was eventually influenced in some way or the other. In 1750 the population of Britain was about 11 million at a time when it was not known that germs caused disease, and diseases like smallpox and diphtheria killed masses of people. The conditions were horrible and health and sanity was not up to the mark. The annual death rate was 28 deaths per thousand people according to, "Rediscovering Britain 1750-1900", and many babies died before their first birthday. Even some simple operations could not be done as anaesthesia was not yet developed. As more people died, doctors and scientists needed to come up with solutions, to end this problem. Dan Cruickshank of BBC said, "The Industrial Revolution made Britain rich but it also made them sick!" Forty years after the beginning of the Industrial Revolution British scientist Edward Jenner was the first man ever to develop a smallpox vaccine. ...read more.

Middle

The cycle continues as first the British man became wealthy but he also became sick. He later observed and experimented and found the solution to his problem. He is now healthy, rich and smart. All this was not possible without the great thinkers in the society who believed in the word 'change' and said "yes we can", and brought about a revolution. A revolution that changed the way the society once thought. Britain brought about this change 100 years ago and even today there are countries who have not achieved the same. This is why this period of time in Britain is known as The Industrial revolution a period of socioeconomic and cultural change. Education Before the Revolution most people lived in small villages, working either in agriculture or as craftsmen. They lived and often worked as a family, doing everything by hand. In fact, three quarters of Britain's population lived in the countryside, and farming was the predominant occupation. With the advent of industrialization, however, everything changed. The new enclosure laws-which required that all grazing grounds be fenced in at the owner's expense-had left many poor farmers bankrupt and unemployed, and machines capable of huge outputs made small hand weavers redundant. As a result, there were many people who were forced to work at the new factories. ...read more.

Conclusion

The "1833 Factory Act' stated that no child under the age of nine was to work in factories. For the next 40 years the government was slowly increasing the age limit to work in factories due to the possible pressure enforced by mill owners. But nevertheless young children were no longer allowed to work so they were sent to school instead and there they learnt how to read and write. The Parliament was later forced to issue an Education Bill that made it compulsory for all children from the age of 5 to 12 years both boys and girls to go to school. The literacy rate improved drastically and so did the conditions of schools. More universities were built so that more children could opt for higher education and live their lives towards their chosen career. I believe that the Industrial Revolution was a remarkable era where life as a whole transformed completely in the gap of those 150 years. The statistics tell you everything. The annual death rate fell from 28 deaths per 1000 people to just 18. The average life expectancy rose from 36 years to 72 years and the literacy rate quadrupled to 80%. I believe leaders should take an inspiration from this era and help recreate many other revolutions. Revolutions that will change the world and make it a better place. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. What were the causes of the Industrial Revolution?

    Later on Arkwright used the power of water rather than man. That's how it was called the water frame. In the Iron industry, coke was applied to all stages of iron smelting, replacing charcoal, and producing pig iron. The Entrepreneurs were people who prepared to risk money in starting up

  2. Was Life Much Better in 1900 than in 1750? Explain your Answer Carefully.

    Most people were paid on Saturday night after their long week's work and wanted to do their shopping as soon as they received their wages. This meant that shops stayed open into early hours of Sunday morning, with shop workers often working longer hours than other working people.

  1. Was 1750-1900 an era of progress?

    It also meant that people without legal right to the land could not use the people with legal right's land and infections were not spread so easily. It also meant that not so much land was wasted and so there was a better income.

  2. Industrial revolution

    With steam engines, cities were able to move farther away from rivers and sources of water, to start cities. A better transport system was also needed to meet the needs of the growing population. Transport had been vastly improved by new inventions such as steam ships and trains.

  1. Public health in Britain during the hundred years from 1850 to 1950

    observations, it was found that there was a link between cholera and water supply. From a source written by Mr. Perkins to the government board of health in 1848, he says how cholera affected the poorer classes who used the infected water most of the time.

  2. The Industrial Revolution

    man, his wife and child; and in a third two unmarried females.(...)I have met with upwards of 40 persons sleeping in the same room, married and single, including, of course, children and several young adult persons of either sex." This meant that the people who lived in the houses had hardly any room.

  1. The Industrial Revolution

    They had to spend many hours hand making even the most simplest of products whereas today some products we get robots to make in a matter of minutes. The only kind of power and energy they had was they?re own animals and muscles that got the job done.

  2. History of Medicine Revision Notes.

    (even though he failed to recognise its wider use in saving lives) 1. Howard Florey and Ernst Chain: Extremely determined after the first unsuccessful attempt at convincing US chemical firms in 1941. Ernst chain read Fleming?s articles on penicillin in 1938 and devised the Freeze-drying strategy to produce penicillin ?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work