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Health and Education during the Industrial Revolution

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HEALTH AND EDUCATION DURING THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION NAMAN SHAH VIII- C HEALTH The Industrial Revolution was the period of time from 1750 to 1900 where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, and transport had a profound effect on the socioeconomic and cultural conditions in the United Kingdom. The onset of the Industrial Revolution marked a major turning point in human history; almost every aspect of daily life was eventually influenced in some way or the other. In 1750 the population of Britain was about 11 million at a time when it was not known that germs caused disease, and diseases like smallpox and diphtheria killed masses of people. The conditions were horrible and health and sanity was not up to the mark. The annual death rate was 28 deaths per thousand people according to, "Rediscovering Britain 1750-1900", and many babies died before their first birthday. Even some simple operations could not be done as anaesthesia was not yet developed. As more people died, doctors and scientists needed to come up with solutions, to end this problem. Dan Cruickshank of BBC said, "The Industrial Revolution made Britain rich but it also made them sick!" Forty years after the beginning of the Industrial Revolution British scientist Edward Jenner was the first man ever to develop a smallpox vaccine. ...read more.


The cycle continues as first the British man became wealthy but he also became sick. He later observed and experimented and found the solution to his problem. He is now healthy, rich and smart. All this was not possible without the great thinkers in the society who believed in the word 'change' and said "yes we can", and brought about a revolution. A revolution that changed the way the society once thought. Britain brought about this change 100 years ago and even today there are countries who have not achieved the same. This is why this period of time in Britain is known as The Industrial revolution a period of socioeconomic and cultural change. Education Before the Revolution most people lived in small villages, working either in agriculture or as craftsmen. They lived and often worked as a family, doing everything by hand. In fact, three quarters of Britain's population lived in the countryside, and farming was the predominant occupation. With the advent of industrialization, however, everything changed. The new enclosure laws-which required that all grazing grounds be fenced in at the owner's expense-had left many poor farmers bankrupt and unemployed, and machines capable of huge outputs made small hand weavers redundant. As a result, there were many people who were forced to work at the new factories. ...read more.


The "1833 Factory Act' stated that no child under the age of nine was to work in factories. For the next 40 years the government was slowly increasing the age limit to work in factories due to the possible pressure enforced by mill owners. But nevertheless young children were no longer allowed to work so they were sent to school instead and there they learnt how to read and write. The Parliament was later forced to issue an Education Bill that made it compulsory for all children from the age of 5 to 12 years both boys and girls to go to school. The literacy rate improved drastically and so did the conditions of schools. More universities were built so that more children could opt for higher education and live their lives towards their chosen career. I believe that the Industrial Revolution was a remarkable era where life as a whole transformed completely in the gap of those 150 years. The statistics tell you everything. The annual death rate fell from 28 deaths per 1000 people to just 18. The average life expectancy rose from 36 years to 72 years and the literacy rate quadrupled to 80%. I believe leaders should take an inspiration from this era and help recreate many other revolutions. Revolutions that will change the world and make it a better place. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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