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Henry VII, Luther and the Reformation

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Introduction

Henry VII and the Reformation * Making peace: Married Elizabeth of York to bring York and Lancaster together. Tudor Rose. Gave a pardon to Yorkists in return for their loyalty. * Money: Kept England out of wars. Tax collection-he made the system more organised and efficient. He took a personal interest in tax collection- he signed the accounts!. ?Loans? taken from nobles. Huge fines in Star Chamber. Treaties with Spain and France encouraged trade as well as arranging marriages. Taxes were ruthlessly collected ending with Henry getting the reputation as being a King that loved money above all other things. * Law and order: Henry strengthened the Law by creating Justices of the Peace (local judges) who had the power to arrest suspects and put them on trial. ...read more.

Middle

The Treaty of Perpetual Peace with Scotland made in 1502 arranged for Henryâs eldest daughter, Mary to marry the King of Scotland. * Martin Luther was born on 10 November 1483 in Eisleben. His father was a copper miner. Luther studied at the University of Erfurt and in 1505 decided to join a monastic order, becoming an Augustinian friar. He was ordained in 1507, began teaching at the University of Wittenberg and in 1512 was made a doctor of Theology. In 1510 he visited Rome on behalf of a number of Augustinian monasteries, and was appalled by the corruption he found there. * Luther became increasingly angry about the clergy selling 'indulgences' - promised remission from punishments for sin, either for someone still living or for one who had died and was believed to be in purgatory. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 1522, he returned to Wittenberg and in 1525 married Katharina von Bora, a former nun, with whom he had six children * Luther then became involved in the controversy surrounding the Peasants War (1524 - 1526), the leaders of which had used Luther's arguments to justify their revolt. He rejected their demands and upheld the right of the authorities to suppress the revolt, which lost him many supporters. * In 1534, Luther published a complete translation of the bible into German, underlining his belief that people should be able to read it in their own language. The translation contributed significantly to the spread and development of the German language. * Luther's influence spread across northern and eastern Europe and his fame made Wittenberg an intellectual centre. In his final years he wrote polemics against the Jews, the papacy and the Anabaptists, a radical wing of the reforming movement. * */Luther died on 18 February 1546 in Eisleben. ...read more.

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