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History Assignment 2

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Introduction

Study Source A What can you learn from Source A about women's work during the First World War? Source A is a letter written a long time after the war in 1976 by a woman who lived through the First World War. Therefore this source could prove to be inaccurate due to the fact it was written 58 years later. Also, the fact that this source leaves out information on women's work; such as working conditions and treatment of women by men. Source A is a positive source to show the comparisons between Domestic Service and War Work. You can find out from this source that there was a huge difference in wages; in the Domestic service women were lucky if they earned �2 a month and they worked very long hours. However, when women worked in the war hand cutting shell fuses they earned as much as �5 a week. Women found this wage remarkable and this made them well off. From Source A we can find out that women working in the Domestic service were desperate to 'out' and leave due to the terrible conditions and the fact they were regarded as second class citizens and could not do male jobs, so when the need came for war workers, most women were happy to go. Question 02; Study Sources A, B and C Does the evidence of Source C support the evidence of Sources A and B about Women's work during the First World War? ...read more.

Middle

It also shows the fact that women were considered important by the Government towards the war effort. However, due to the fact that this propaganda; not all women would have been regarded as important during the First World War. This propaganda poster relies on women's guilt because on the poster there is a man waving his wife goodbye as he goes off to war. The women in the poster is putting on her overalls and going to work in munitions factories. This makes women feel they should do their bit for the war effort and help support their own country. Although this source is Government Propaganda and can be considered unreliable, it is still useful to show what propaganda during the First World War was like and how effective it was. Question 4: Study Source G Use Source G, and your own knowledge, to explain why some men opposed the employment of women in industry during the First World War? Source G is part of an account of women's experiences whilst working during the First World War. It was written in 1919, after the war. This source tells you that there were accounts of extreme prejudice within the workplace by other men. It mentions things that men did to make women look incompetent and the fact they can't do the job very well. It mentions the shop assistants agreeing to women working in the factory, provided they get full pay. ...read more.

Conclusion

shows that there was a great demand for them as the war went on. This demonstrates that munitions made by women were put to good use and assisted production and later victory on the Western Front. Articles in the 'Engineer' clarify the fact that women, after such short periods of training, could 'handle much heavier pieces of metal than had been previously dreamt of.' This goes to show that in August 1915, employers had an underrated opinion of women in the workplace. However, once there was such a great demand for ammunition on the Western Front, employers took kindly to women workers. Evidence of the fact that women enjoyed taking part in a role in the workforce to help war on the Western Front, is present in Source J. The painting shows that hundreds and hundreds of women worked in the munitions factories, and they all were happy. Millions of women working to support the war will have ultimately helped the war effort without doubt and also, World War One was the first of its kind: Total War. From the factory girls, to the farmers, to the soldiers and allies fighting on the Western Front, everyone was noticed and expected to do their bit for their King and Country. However, you could argue this statement and say that the women's role was undoubtedly important, yet the fighting in France was the decisive factor (where the Germans were defeated). I believe that without the work of women on the Home Front and because of the simple fact WWI was 'total war,' Britain could not have won the First World War on the Western Front. ...read more.

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