• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10

History Civil Rights Coursework Sources Questions

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Civil Rights Coursework Sources Questions Question 1: In September 1957, Elizabeth Eckford had applied to go to an all-white school, and she had been granted a place, but she still had a battle to fight. The evening before she was to go to the school, the governor of Arkansas announced that with black children in the school, it would be impossible to keep law and order. When she tried to gain access to the school, along with about 8 other black children, a crowd surrounded her and stopped her from getting in. Even the guard refused to let her past. In the end, she did not manage to get to school, and finally, she was escorted in by paratroopers sent by J.F. Kennedy. In source A (written by Elizabeth Eckford), racism is clearly shown. There are seemingly 'normal' people, but they are acting in a very strange way - going hysterical just because someone of a different race is trying to get into their school. They are chasing a 15 year old girl away from a school just because of her colour, something that if Elizabeth had been born white, she would never have had to experience. No one in the crowd would help her, as it says in source A: 'I looked into the face of an old woman and it seemed a kindly face. But when I looked at her again, she spat at me' and when she tried to get some help from the guard: '...he raised his bayonet...' This passage also shows that laws can be changed, to allow Eckford and her friends to go to school, but attitudes are not necessarily changed overnight because they were unable to get into the school because of the crowd of angry protestors around the entrance, blocking the way, and even the guard took no notice of the laws, never mind trying to protect her, nearly shooting her! ...read more.

Middle

Malcolm X was also an excellent Orator, and many young people were attracted to his pro-active methods and leadership, and he also gave blacks some pride, he made it seem great to be black - 'Black is beautiful' - and he helped make black culture how it is today - embraced by all races. However, he never clashed with King's followers, and they probably needed each other to get what they did, Malcolm X to scare whites in respecting blacks in the short term, and Martin Luther King to change laws for the long term. Question 6: I think that the Civil Rights movement up to 1970 has been very successful, but not without its drawbacks. Source J shows the number of people below the poverty line in the USA. The figures reveal a lot about society. Although there are a larger number in total of white people below the line, 28,500,000, that it still only 11% of the white population. However, the percentage of black people below the poverty line is 56%, showing over half of blacks are below this poverty line, and most of them would probably have been poor anyway, most of them just above this line. This is a huge inequality, and it is reflected in the other factors to do with poverty. Crime rates are higher for blacks than for whites, probably due to the fact that blacks cannot get decent jobs, because employers are more likely to want to take on a white employee, and also the fact that blacks have a worse education. This is to do with the fact that few blacks can afford to go to college, due to them not having not very much money, because of poor jobs, and everything goes around in a viscious circle. Therefore, blacks are more likely to turn to crime to earn some money. Another reason for the civil rights movement being a failure is that all the important people involved in the movement are now dead. ...read more.

Conclusion

blood-bath when police turned on the peaceful protestors and used anything they could on them, many blacks died from being beaten in the head with batons. Source I says that the black beatings were 'fully reported by the national press and television and many whites who were previously indifferent to the campaign were now sickened by this brutality.' This shows that people were shocked into acting and took an interest after watching the events on television. Martin Luther King was released with the money raised after the footage of policemen hitting blacks was shown on television, and Tommie Smith and John Carlos at the Olympics in Mexico were shown on television making 'Black Power' salutes as they listened to the national anthem, showing publicly that they were Malcolm X supporters. Because so many people saw the pictures, they sent money, which helped funds for keeping the movement going, and support to America. It also meant that more pressure was put on the government to change laws to stop blacks being racially assaulted, and to also sort out their police force. It was free publicity for King and X and everyone saw the pictures, read about it in the newspaper, or heard about the movement in someway or another, so many more people who believed in the cause could send their support. Overall, I think that television was very influential and played a large part in the civil rights movement, because people in other countries could see what was happening and pressure was put on to get things changed, but it was not the only factor in getting to where the civil rights movement is now, as source L seems to suggest, because most blacks and some whites did not have a television, so they would have relied on newspapers, and other factors also assisted the success of the movement. Therefore, I agree with the view of the author of source L, but not totally, because there were other factors involved. Page 1 of 10 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Do you agree that Martin Luther King was the most important factor in helping ...

    4 star(s)

    at first, the state governor made troops prevent them from attending, claiming to be concerned for their safety. Having heard about this, the President ordered the army to make sure the children could attend school, and there were no more racial incidents.

  2. Civil rights movement - questions and answers.

    What was it all about?! They fought and even lost their lives for the United States and still were treated like strangers, intruders even to their homes. College opportunities were provided for white soldiers when they returned home from the war, why was this service not provided for the blacks?!

  1. Why is President John F Kennedy such a famous and controversial figure in history?

    Proves that Kennedy wasn't a "friend of every body" and perhaps source N only shows Kennedy positively as not to upset the Kennedy family suggesting that source N isn't fully reliable representation of Kennedy.

  2. Martin and Malcolm: Two Voices for Justice

    and that the moral and spiritual power of love would redeem the oppressor and the oppressed from injustice.17 He saw the means of change to be civil disobedience, boycotts, and legislation.18 The first phase of Malcolm's ideology was from the 1950s until his pilgrimage to Mecca in 1964.19 During this

  1. The JFK assassination.

    The policeman was getting out of the vehicle and walking to the front of the car when Oswald shot him three times in the chest. As he lay on the sidewalk, Oswald walked around the rear of the car, walked up to Tippit and shot him again, in the head.

  2. Recognition for civil rights

    The black unemployment rate was still twice the national average, and nearly a third of all blacks lived below the poverty line (compared to 13 per cent of whites).5 Black schools and housing were almost universally inferior. It was through these conditions that Black Nationalist groups began to rise up,

  1. Study Source A, The Long Shadow of little Rock . What can you learn ...

    People would have turnt to him because Martin Luther King's approach was not achieving everything it should have been fast enough. People would have also supported him because of his religion which was Islam. He might have also gained supporters because he did not want to work on the side

  2. The importance of Lyndon Johnson in bringing about Civil Rights.

    Selma, Alabama; King and the SCLC had been campaigning for voter registration for months, to fierce resistance. A series of marches from Selma to Montgomery were organised. On the first march, 750 marchers were arrested.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work