• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

History Coursework: Assignment 1 - Prohibition

Extracts from this document...


History Coursework: Assignment 1 - Prohibition 1. Why was Prohibition introduced in the USA in 1919? The main reason prohibition was introduced in 1919 was that the alcohol people drunk was the blame for drunkenness, crime and poverty. Organisations such as the Anti-Saloon league had been campaigning for a total, state-wide ban on alcohol for a long time. The Anti - Saloon league was highly supported by the churches and many small towns and rural areas. From the 1800s, temperance (Not Drinking Alcohol) was a common feature of religious groups that had settled in America in the 1800s. However, the dries (Supporters Of Prohibition) became stronger with the formation of the WCTU (Women's Christian Temperance Union) in 1873 and the Anti - Saloon League in 1893. The main differences between prohibition and temperance were that in Prohibition, all inhabitants of America were banned from selling and making Alcohol, but in temperance, they could sell it and make it as long as they didn't drink it. So they are very different, although they have the same aims. The dries were mainly the strongest in the rural areas of the South and Mid-west of America. They campaigned in each of the states for alcohol to be banned. They had a large success, so much that by 1914 some states had already prohibited making alcohol within the states, but not the selling of it. By the late 1800s, "King Alcohol" as it was known, caused more than 75% of paupery crime. ...read more.


In 1920, 122 illegal stills were seized from back rooms, bathrooms and garden sheds by government officials. Home made alcohol caused poisoning and blindness, sometimes death. This shows how the people that had voted for alcohol only a year before were now so desperate for alcohol that they would even risk death to drink it. Bootlegging, the illegal transport of alcohol from countries outside the USA to states inside the USA were so profitable that the people were willing to risk going to jail or getting a fine (The fine was around $2000, but the bootleggers made this back in one week!). To stop the illegal liquor trade, the prohibition bureau employed 2300 agents for the whole of the USA. Each agent had to cover about 260,000 square miles of land each, which is still almost an impossible task today, so it must have been a lot more difficult 80 years ago. They were also badly paid and most of them were on the payroll by Gangsters. Their choice was being bribed or murdered by Gangsters. There were criminal gangs before prohibition, but their activity and profits increased greatly when prohibition was introduced. There were huge profits involved - Gangsters made about $2 million a year from it. Rival gangs fought each other to supply the speakeasies with alcohol, hijacking each other's supplies and murdering the opposition. By the end of the decade, only the most powerful gangs survived. ...read more.


Henry Ford wanted to build a "motor car for the great multitude", and he succeeded in this dream. In 1908, less than 200,000 people in the Untied States owned cars, by 1930 over 15 million Model Ts had been sold in America and abroad. People had a mobility unknown to even the very rich 50 years before. 4. Why did the boom suddenly come to an end in October 1929? The biggest cause of the wall street crash was the fact that Henry Ford had introduced Mass Production which meant that the economy was becoming less and less strong as more people had more money, which meant shops could raise prices and the economy was suffering because of this. Another reason for this was that Henry Ford was paying his workers much higher than the usual wage, which meant people had much more money to spend, which also contributed to the problem greatly. Although less than one per cent of the American people actually possessed stocks and shares, the Wall Street Crash was to have a tremendous impact on the whole population. The fall in share prices made it difficult for entrepreneurs to raise the money needed to run their companies. Within a short time, 100,000 American companies were forced to close and consequently many workers became unemployed. As there was no national system of unemployment benefit, the purchasing power of the American people fell dramatically. This in turn led to even more unemployment. Simon Cadman 10py Page 1/5 29/04/07 1:59 AM ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. (Q1) Describe some of the key features of Americn society in the 1920's?

    Gangsters earned so much more than police officers of inspectors did. Gangsters paid prohibition agents a lot of money prohibition agents a lot of money so that they could ignore what was happening. Some judges, officers and agents were also paid a lot of money to ignore what was going on and help gangsters with their business.

  2. GCSE History Coursework Assignment B - Was the New Deal a Success?

    The photographer must have understood the irony of the photograph that purely black Americans who are queuing up for government relief are pictured with the slogans, 'there's no way like the American way' and 'world's highest standard of living' and a picture of a wealthy, happy, confident white family in their car of freedom, affluence and higher standard of living.

  1. GCSE History Coursework

    This shows that the father has wasted all his money and savings on alcohol that he cannot even afford to buy the basic necessities for his children. Both posters were published at different times. Source C was published in 1910.

  2. The United States 1919 - 1941, The Wall Street Crash

    into dust bowls, being useless and ruined which increased homelessness and unemployment at the same time. However, this source could be aimed at everyone and not any particular class of the society, therefore we cannot definitely assume that it agrees with the statement.

  1. The USA

    However the man did not, because he spent all his time and money in the saloon drinking alcohol, and left his wife and children starved to death. Overall the message of the cartoon was alcohol is harmful, which only makes people to suffer.

  2. Prohibition coursework

    The next source F is by john F Kramer, the prohibition commission speaking in 1920. This source disagrees about the failure of prohibition was inevitable because this was told in 1920 when prohibition was introduced and this was his job to enforce this law and obviously he could not be

  1. American History Coursework

    In addition to this, an example of an act which was instated in order to help the industrial corporations would be the Wagner Act, (Albeit this was part of a Second New Deal, which Roosevelt introduced in 1935). This act permitted trade unions to operate in companies - consequently negotiating better conditions & salaries for the workers.

  2. Revision Notes - the USA in the 1920s and 30s.

    Unequal distribution of wealth-Even though the USA was very prosperous during the 1920s, almost 50% of families had an income under $2000, and they could not afford to buy any of the new goods. The people who owned a lot of the wealth already had all of the products that

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work