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History Coursework - Evacuation

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Introduction

History Assignment Question A: "Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War"? There are numerous reasons why the British Government decided to evacuate children from the major cities at the start of the Second World War. The Government had great concerns about the number of casualties in the very first air attack. They predicted there would be 58,000 deaths (the majority of these would be children) in the first air raid alone. This would have destroyed morale of the British people, which in turn would have put the Government under immense pressure to surrender early before any more casualties. The Government was anxious over the physical, psychological and emotional effects the bombings would have had on the British public. ...read more.

Middle

The Government also gave away about 3 million Anderson Shelters, which could be erected in the garden, as well as opening public air raid shelters. An information booklet was introduced to inform people about certain procedures. The air raids would focus on large industrial cities because this way the factories that were making weapons would be targeted. This would have a knock on effect to the countries war effort - meaning there would be a shortage of equipment for the troops to fight with. The Government knew that Germany would use Blitzkrieg tactics from their actions in the Spanish Civil War. The German air raid attacks caused massive destruction and huge amounts of casualties. One main example of this was Guernica, in the Spanish Civil War. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion the British Government decided to evacuate children from major cities is because they were apprehensive about the damage and loss of life that would be caused in the German air raids. They predicted that the majority of causalities would have been children and for this reason they introduced evacuation. The effect that the loss of life would have put the government under severe pressure to surrender to avoid more deaths. The government would also have thought that a drastic loss of children could have affected the next generation of British adults. The main reason the British Government decided to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War was because they feared that the loss of children's lives would have sparked a revolt and could have lead to an early surrender. ...read more.

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