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history coursework on women suffrage 1870

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Name: Taiyyib Hussain Subject: History Question: Why did a campaign for Female suffrage develop in the years after 1870? The campaign for female suffrage developed in the years 1870 because of these factors: Education, Industrialisation and political change. Throughout history men have mainly dominated society. Before 1870, a large-scale movement had not happened. In Britain women suffered from a number of restrictions: both laws which were made to restrict their freedom and what the modern society thought a woman's role and qualities should be. John Ruskin wrote in Sesame and Lilies 1865, 'The qualities a nineteenth century ideal wife should have are that she should accept that she has a lower status than man (especially her husband) as she is less intelligent, and weaker.' When a woman was married, her money, her possessions and even the women herself legally became her husband's property. A wife was expected to look slim and delicate. Pale skin was the sign of well-bred young women. Tanned skin was a sign of a woman working. These factors linked together and raised women's profile in society. It inspired them to campaign for female suffrage after 1870. In the 19th century women had almost no property rights, very little employment opportunities and hardly any political rights. ...read more.


When the first female doctor was graduated in 1866 single women and married women valued that women can just be like men moreover the theory of men being cleverer than women is false and so enthused women to campaign for female suffrage in 1870. Though only a tiny minority of women became professional, it made it clear that women had enough intelligence and dedication to do so providing that they were given the opportunity to. Female suffrage became more relevant as women were representing a growing proportion of the workforce thus seems to be a greater need for their representation in politics. Education is obviously a vital factor for women to achieve a higher status, have more understanding of the world outside the home and have better employment opportunities. In the seventeenth century it became increasingly fashionable for girls in richer of middle-class families to be taught to read and write by a teacher at home, although schools were mainly just for boys. In 1858 Dorothea Beale became principal of Cheltenham Ladies College. At the time the school had only a moderate reputation but under Beale's leadership it became one of the most highly regarded schools in the country. The traditional education of girls had emphasised the development of accomplishments such as music and drawing. ...read more.


Mary Harding said, 'I live and breathe politics, and those (women) who confess to not liking or understanding it can hardly be expected to be granted the vote!' Many women grasped an understanding of politics through their growing role in constitutional politics. In 1888 elected country councils established female tax payers were allowed to vote. In 1894 elected parish, rural district and urban district councils established which women were allowed to be a part of. Female tax payers could vote and stand as candidates. The laws and acts explained above are vital to how the Suffrage movement developed. Though these factors: education, political change, divorce, property rights and employment women were given the equal footing they required to campaign for what they believed in, and to one day achieve it. Women's profile in society continued to improve because of a range of significant factors and developments before and around 1870. This encouraged and inspired women to campaign for female suffrage after 1870. Education was a main factor towards the campaign for female suffrage because without education it was impossible to be employed. Employment also linked with political change by giving women the right for vote over school boards. Law was also a main factor for female suffrage because the laws linked to independency. The property act allowed women to be divorced, meaning to be a property of yourself but not with a man. All these factors caused a campaign for women suffrage to develop in the years after 1870. ...read more.

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