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History essay - The second world war.

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Introduction

History Essay By Edward Smirnov The second World War (3rd September 1939- 9th of May 1945) was the most horrendous, destructive and devastating war in the world's history which had cost millions of people including civilians their lives and homes. The war which the vast majority of historians claim was started and unleashed by the Axis and Germany under the control of her Chancellor Adolf Hitler, left Europe in great grief and ruins, not to mention the for ever memories of this dark period in history. Hitler was very wise in his planning, became der f�hrer (leader) of Germany (1934) legally, signed treaties which made it look as though he only wanted to take back what was taken away from Germany under the Treaty of Versailles and war is something he was avoiding. All of this makes it seem as though at the time it was quite impossible to know Hitler's intentions and stop to stop him and the terrible war. Yet Winston Churchill, a man who to some people today was the greatest Prime Minister Britain has ever had said "There was never a war more easy to stop than that which has just wrecked what was left of the world from the previous struggle." (Winston Churchill 1948). Is he wrong in saying so, waving his fists after the fight? Or is it true that Hitler and the war could and should have been stopped "easily"? In order for me to argue, discus and assess Winston Churchill's view, some periods in History have to be pointed out such as Hitler's rise to power, the five steps to war and the appeasement agreement. The Treaty of Versailles, signed in 1919 by the Weimar politicians was one of the most important causes that led to Hitler's rise in Germany and power. This treaty was by many historians point of view very harsh on Germany and it's people. ...read more.

Middle

In 1935 Britain signed an agreement with Hitler which said that Germany could build a navy up to one third of the size of Britain's. This seems to suggest that Hitler now could legally build an army for Britain let them do it. This was known as the first step to war. Was it right for Britain to do so? From my opinion the British there let Hitler break the Treaty of Versailles and make him have no blame, but at that time many thought the treaty was too harsh on Germany so Britain was maybe being forgiving. The second step was Hitler sending troops into the Rhineland in 1936, which made him go against the treaty one more time. He had ordered his troops to withdraw if they were challenged but they were not. Here, from my opinion, the war could have been delayed if any country effectively would complain, and there was a reason to complain for Hitler had not broken the Treaty of Versailles twice. The arguments here were that Rhineland was still German territory and Germany has the right to do whatever they wished with it, also countries felt once again that the treaty was harsh. The league of Nation could also do something against it for their minds were on Italy's invasion of Abyssinia. If they would go against Hitler's doing there, the war might have been delayed for I think Hitler would just patiently build up his army even more until Germany was ready to concentrate on taking back the Sudetenland and occupying some other German speaking countries for German living space or 'liebinsraum' as Hitler called it hence he would be ready for a European war which could let him have the complete power over all of Europe. In 1938 Hitler had built up his army and tested his military tactics and men in the Spanish Civil War where he sent troops. ...read more.

Conclusion

The major point where he could have been stopped is when Hitler wanted the Sudetenland and Neville Chamberlain gave it to him. This was a major fault of Chamberlain for Hitler to get the land, get Czechoslovakia without any resistance of the other countries, sign a non-aggression pact with the Soviet Union and take over Poland, well prepared for war. Here was the best point where Hitler could easily have been stopped from my opinion, firstly the world leaders should have read Mein Kampf and then they would never have given Hitler the Sudetenland thus knowing his intentions, and secondly Britain and France must have stood against him when he wanted that land, and if he was to take it anyway (which I think would be very foolish of him as many of his people warned him that Germany could easily be defeated if any countries went upon him at that time) then there would be an early war, only this one would be less destructive and terrible World War Two because as I said before, once France and Britain would be in, the Soviet Union would be in as I would not think they would like the idea of Germany conquering these two nations. So yes I think that Winston Churchill was right in what he said to from my opinion, but I must say, it is easy for both him and me to criticize the war and how it may have been stopped, but during the time, I would think it would be very hard for times such as Hitler's legal rise to power and especially Mein Kampf to be noticed and made assumptions of for was hard and boring to read, and who would know that Hitler would do the things he had done before it was to late? Europe and the league of nations had other things to deal with at that time, not just Hitler, Mussolini for example. ...read more.

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