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History Evacuation Coursework

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Introduction

Why were children evacuated in September 1939? Evacuation started on September 1st 1939. Within days, 1.5 million children, pregnant women and the disabled had been evacuated from the cities and into the countryside. The plans of the evacuation were kept secret though so the Nazis wouldn't know when or where to attack. This essay will examine the reasons why the government introduced evacuation. One reason why evacuation was introduced was the immediate threat of war. Britain had sent out an ultimatum to Hitler which said, Pull out of Poland or we declare war. Hitler did not think Britain would actually go to war as they had promised this once before and Hitler ignored the ultimatum and invaded Poland on the 1st September and to Hitler's surprise, Britain declared war. This was one reason why the government evacuated children because war was about to begin and they wanted to get them out of the main cities so they did not get hurt. ...read more.

Middle

Women and their contribution to the war effort was also a reason why evacuation was introduced. This was because if the children had been evacuated the women would have free time to do more war work. This would help the war effort because they would have more time to work in the munitions factories and make more weapons and provide the men with more equipment, in the Land Army to farm etc and in the Armed Forces where they would do mechanic and carpenting work and also work as pilots. Women were a reason why children were evacuated because they would have more free time to be able to help more and make more equipment for the men which would make Britain's army stronger. Other reasons why evacuation was introduced was because at the beginning of the war there was not many shelters so the children could not be protected very well. The casualties would be a drain of resources and if the children got injured the hospitals would not be able to treat the people who ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion to this, the children were evacuated due to a combination of factors, such as the immediate threat of war because war was about to begin and it would be safer to get them out of cities, fears about bombing because the government were worried about the high casualties and if the children were evacuated they would not be as many casualties. Also women and their contribution to the war effort was a reason why the children were evacuated because they would have more free time to work in the munitions factories and provide the men with more weapons. The children were also evacuated because there were not many shelters at the beginning of the war and the hospitals would not be able to treat people injured in the war if they were looking after children and they needed to be somewhere where they would be safe and away from the bombings so they didn't get hurt, and it would also shatter morale because the children had been killed and fathers would not want to carry on fighting. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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