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History evacuation of children

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Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of The Second World War? There were a variety of reasons why the government decided to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the war. The government had come to the conclusion the the countryside would be safer for children This was due to the happenings of the War in Spain, where major industrial cities were targeted for aerial attacks. Children were the future, meaning that they would be the ones to be future lawyers, firemen and business owners, they had to be kept safe or the future would be lost. The country would be sure to destroyed during the war meaning that when the war was to finally come to an end Children would be needed to reconstruct the ruined cities, this would mean having to keep the children safe until they were able to do this. In addition to this, evacuating the children meant that they were out of the way this would help mothers concentrate on the war effort. The women, would be able to focus on helping the women's land army, get work in munitions factories or join the Air Raid Precaution, without having to worry about looking after the children. ...read more.


The new developments in technology were reasons for the government's evacuation of children from major cities. This was because it made the chances of an attack rise. Since World War One planes had been developed into machines that were advanced and able to do so much more than a simple Zeppelin from 1916. When war had broken out planes were able to fly for further distances without refuelling and their ability to hold more bombs than ever made aerial attacks more daunting. The government were well aware of these advances and were anticipating that the Germans would be relentless in their attacking. During World War Two gas bombs had also been developed meaning the civilian were also in danger from poisoning and suffocation. This would make the advancements in technology a reason to evacuate children from Britain's major cities because it simply meant that the chances of being bombed and facing air raid were very high. Planes that could go further and could hold more bombs were able to attack for longer or target more than one city. The countryside being of no industrial value was far less likely to be targeted meaning that the technology was useless in harming the children if it was not being used in the countryside. ...read more.


This could be achieved by evacuating them away from danger and torment as the Blitz started. Finally, shielding children from danger is linked to the technological advances made to make planes more adequate at air raids. Children would have faced constant bombardment from both explosive bombs and dropped gas. They would happen more often, more dangerously and more severely due to the advances in technology. If this technology had not advanced, children would have nothing to fear other than one or two occasional Zeppelin raids. I believe the most important reason for the evacuation of children in the early years of the Second World War was that the children needed to be saved for the future to rebuild and repopulate. If lots of children had been left in the cities to die and all the men had been dying at war, there would be a severe shortage of possible fathers and therefore children too. This would lead to a dangerously low population in Britain which would be very open to attack if Germany had the ability to and decided to recommence the war several years later. If children had not been saved for the future, Britain could not rebuild or repopulate and would soon be in dire need of support from other countries, and therefore, evacuation was an absolute must for the government. Melissa Brettle 10M Wednesday 28th January 2009 ...read more.

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