• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11

History Extension Major Work- The 1932-33 Bodyline Series

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Extension History Major Work The 1932-33 Bodyline Series Synopsis Many debates have been focused around the 1932/33 Bodyline series. Some of these debates have included the effects of politics and the Great Depression throughout the series or the effect the Bodyline series had on the way the game was changed in future Ashes series encounters. However, none of these arguments have been more heavily debated than that of the ethics of the 'bodyline bowling' tactic. Whilst considered to be legal and well within the Laws of Cricket many were unsure as to whether or not it was considered to be 'in the spirit of the game'. Within this argument debate has also arisen of whether or not the English cricket team could still have beaten the Australian side even without the use of the 'bodyline bowling' tactic. Instead of the use of historians both from the 1930s and today to create a debate, major players involved in the series, such as the English captain Douglas Jardine, the Australian captain Bill Woodfull as well as the English fast bowler Harold Larwood. Other players who contributed included the likes of Bill O'Reilly and Vic Richardson. Also involved were journalists such as Jack Fingleton, who even took part in the series as a member of the Australian cricket team and one of the Test series umpires George Hele. A large number of statistics have also been employed to assist in answering the essay question. Books involving many established modern day cricket writers including Jack Pollard, Jack McHarg and David Frith were essential to the construction of this project. What was Douglas Jardine's aim in introducing the 'bodyline bowling' tactic, did he achieve his goals? Would England still have won without the use of the 'bodyline bowling' tactic? The Ashes series of 1932/33, more commonly known as the Bodyline series caused great controversy among two nations when Douglas Jardine, the English captain brought in a tactic that was considered to be 'not in the spirit of the game'. ...read more.

Middle

When looking at the Australian line-up one can see that the majority of bowlers selected with the exception of Tim Wall, were spin bowlers such as Bill O'Reilly and Clarence Grimmett. On Australian wickets in a dry summer the prevailing lbw rule made it difficult for O'Reilly, Grimmett or Ironmonger to alter the course of the test series. It is clear that the Australian side had a definite lack in pace, whereas in the English line-up accurate medium-pacers such as Maurice Tate and the leg spinner, Thomas Mitchell were cast aside for the faster bowlers such as Bill Bowes, Harold Larwood, "Gubby" Allen and Bill Voce. Both sides had competent batsmen; however it was this clear lack in bowling strength on the Australians part that lead some to believe that the Australians weren't as good as first thought. Thus, raising the question, was 'bodyline' necessary? Harold Larwood believes it was. In an interview with Harold Larwood, interviewer Norman May asks the question - Who was bodyline intended for? To this Larwood replied - "It was put on for Bradman and Bradman only!!!"19 Larwood believes the only way to combat Don Bradman was through the 'bodyline bowling' tactic. The statistics disagree. Evidence that shows the use of 'bodyline bowling' was pointless. 'In Brisbane...Larwood clean bowled Bradman'20 and his figures from the test series show that of his 33 wickets taken, 12 were clean bowled and a further 4 were leg before wicket. This shows that 'bodyline bowling' did not succeed quite to the extent as Jardine had hoped. Also, "Gubby" Allen 'played in all five Test matches and captured 21 wickets at 28 with orthodox methods'21. These figures further emphasise the fact that even without 'bodyline bowling' Jardine and his men still would most likely have won the series anyway. Another view on the Bodyline series was that it was the field placings that made all the difference rather than the bodyline attack itself. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, the reliability of this source can be questioned. The interview was broadcast on November 4 1982 and the Bodyline series occurred in 1932, therefore over time these player's perspectives of the events could have changed as they heard different sides of the story from other players and spectators or they may have forgotten simple details that could have possibly been vital in expressing their own opinions towards the series and their opposing team. I used the website CricInfo Australia, formerly know as www.baggygreen.com.au. This website allowed me to access all player biographies from the Bodyline series as well as the batting statistics I needed for my debate. These statistics were useful as they were accurate and did not rely on someone's opinion and I could get a definite answer from them. The statistics I got from this site also allowed me to compare other statistics such as the English batting statistics which also helped in my essay. One visible strength of this website was that it was included all statistics available from the matches and even included the oppositions figures. A weakness however was that these records were not able to tell me the match conditions that may have affected the players in the match. These match conditions include the hardness of the pitch, the temperature at ground level and the number of crowd attendance. Each of these factors could have impacted on the players and affected their concentration levels during the game thus altering the game itself. I also used a book by David Frith called 'Bodyline Autopsy: the full story of the most sensational Test Cricket series: Australia vs. England 1932-33'. Just as the name suggests this book gives the "full story". The author remains as unbiased as possible. Frith includes comments from leading personalities of both the English and Australian cricket teams as well as including various umpire reports, comments made by journalists and even spectator accounts. By providing me with all these different perspectives I was able to form a much wider view on the Bodyline series rather than just having a strictly Australian or English perspective. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. How was the schlieffen plan meant to work

    general von schlieffen in 1906, who pulled 100,000 troops out of the army to go to the Eastern front. Additionally because Germany had decided to take another route to France they had to take into consideration what the Belgium response would be.

  2. Knightly Warfare. The knights primary and considered most well known weapon was the ...

    * "Metal fist": A buckler could be used to directly attack an opponent by punching with either its flat face or its rim. * Binder: The buckler could be used to bind an opponent's sword hand and weapon as well as their buckler against their body.

  1. History of London - planning a series of museum exhibits to show London from ...

    AT the right of the screen there is a big advertisement (New homes in Catford, 1900) that explains how people were letting or selling their houses, a written explanation will be talking about how LCC was divided in two categories: replacements for dwellings lost to slum clearance, and general housing for workers.

  2. Submarines essay

    When they found out how to power it they discovered nuclear power. These nuclear submarines could run without refilling round the whole world. These submarines could run at high speeds completely under the sea. The modern submarines which are diesel can only run at 3 knots under water at flat out.

  1. Research Topic: Health Welfare of elderly in Shanghai

    From the above to research information, the Shanghai government has established services which are required by the elderly, as seen from "Institutionalized old-age care and services are established as alternatives to community and family based old-age care systems. The city is also constructing facilities for elderly care" and "Government has

  2. Olympics More Than Just A Sport

    master race, the superior race, and to prove this he wanted them to win him medals, he wanted gold in every event, but that obviously went wrong. Jesse Owens (see to the right), a black-American beat Hitler's Aryan Race Superstar, Lutz Lang.

  1. Anne Frank Factfile

    There were many times they thought they were going to be caught because of the carpenters, burglars and workers etc. People in the Annexe Anne became closer to people and further away from others during the time in hiding. Anne talked about her relationship with others alot in her diary.

  2. Research into the major figures in the Renaissance.

    The Niña, the Pinta and the Santa Maria. On 12th October 1492 the Pinta first spotted what Columbus called San Salvador. It is now known as the Bahamas.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work