• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

History Jack The Ripper CW

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe Law and Order in London in the late nineteenth century. The first forms of the modern police force were invented in the nineteenth century. Indeed, London in the nineteenth century was rife with crime. The gap between the upper and lower classes was far wider than nowadays, and millions of London's population were desperately poor, struggling and snatching to provide for themselves. Robberies and riots were common. In 1780, law and order in London broke down completely during the Gordon Riots - even though these particular riots were not so much about poverty as about politics and religion: Lord Gordon was an extreme protestant who refused the 'Catholic Relief Act'; he feared the return of Catholicism and absolutism in Britain. However, these riots brought a lot of unrest in London, as the rioters broke open the Newgate Jail and attacked the Bank of England. The bank was only saved by the Lord Mayor, who defended it with the Grenadier Guards. Therefore, the Metropolitan police was created because there was a real fear that the working classes would revolt and cause a revolution on the French model. However, there still was no real London police force until 1829. In 1800, two Special Forces existed, the Bow Street Runners and the Thames River Police; but they were not very effective at stopping crime or keeping authority over the people. The Bow Street Runners had been set up in 1749, and the River Police in 1798. They held records of the most notorious criminals. The Metropolitan Police was created out of these earlier two Forces. Changes in the police force were brought on as communication between different police stations was improved with the introduction of the telegraph. ...read more.

Middle

Although the Victorians were known for being sexually repressed, the newspapers knew that people loved saucy, scandalous stories, the more explicit the better. There was also a suggestion that a prominent individual, such as a member of the Royal Family, could be to blame for the murders. This gave people opportunities to speculate endlessly, making the stories roll on for months. Indeed, Prince Charles William Edward, who suffered from syphilis, was suspected to have had a relationship with one or more of the prostitutes. Hence, the Royal Family might have wanted to cover up the evidence. The mutilation of the bodies would have been done deliberately to cover any pregnancies, and to frighten witnesses into silence. The fact that the Ripper was never caught added to the air of mystery and speculation around the case. The incompetence of the police made people want to take their own involvement in the case, possibly even thinking that they could do a better job solving it. I think that the main reason the Whitechapel murders attracted so much attention was a combination of all these reasons, making the murders a story that Britain would be unlikely to forget easily. The murders were horrific, prolific and bizarre - the mutilations seemed to be of a ritualistic nature. Prostitutes might have been murdered before, but it was the unusual characteristics of the crimes which we remember even today. But above all, I think that the press played a major role in giving these murders a high profile and in pushing the authorities to solve the crimes. Why were the police unable to catch Jack The Ripper? The months of August to November 1888 became infamous due to the notorious Ripper murders. ...read more.

Conclusion

One of the splits between the leadership of the two forces was over graffiti found in Gordon Street on the night of the 'double event'. There was a chalked message over the doorway near to where Eddowes was found, saying, "The Juwes are the men That Will not be Blamed for nothing." This may of course had been written by the Ripper and the City police officers wanted to photograph it. Chief constable of the Met police force Warren ordered it to be wiped off, in the fear that there would be an anti-Semitic onslaught upon the Jews of Whitechapel. There was already distrust in ethnic minorities from the residents, who believed the murderer was most likely a Jew. But this evidence could have been really important to the case, as in identifying the Ripper's handwriting. The case was made even more difficult for the police by the role of the press. Indeed, the press created several false starts or 'red herrings'. It suggested that Jews or immigrants were responsible for the murders. Press interest drove the police to look for a quick arrest rather than looking for the real cause of the murders. The popular press sustained a national interest in the cases, which contributed to an air of hysteria. The police arrested a number of suspects; all were subsequently released because of a lack of evidence or alibis. But in my opinion the main reason for the police incompetence to solve the murders, was a lack of scientific method and techniques in investigating the crimes. Modern police forces use a wide range of scientific techniques to collect evidence and evaluate its importance. However, I would like to point out that the problem of so-called 'serial killers' still exists today, despite the modern technology available. ?? ?? ?? ?? Lea West A1 History Jack The Ripper Coursework ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. The Rebecca Riots

    This source is useful because it supplies us with this information, and it also seems to be pretty factual, as the man was there at the time and is describing what he saw, and what he experienced. However, the fact that this man was a victim could also suggest that this source is in some way biased.

  2. Jack The Ripper - Law and Order in the late 19th century

    For this reason the police wore blue uniform, a similar colour to the Navy, who were national heroes. The primary methods employed by the police were to deter crime and keep order, which involved combating drunkenness and catching criminals 'in the act' while committing crimes.

  1. 'How did Hegel envisage the course of history and upon what did he base ...

    ultimate design, that it is a rational process - whose rationality is not that of a particular subject, but a divine and absolute reason - this is a proposition whose truth we must assume; its proof lies in the study of world history itself, which is the image and enactment

  2. Jack the Ripper questions and answers.

    house, the owner backed up his story, and at the time of Annie Chapman's murder he was hiding in a relative's house. According to Elizabeth Long, the man that Annie Chapman was talking to on the night of her murder 'looked like a foreigner.'

  1. Law and order in 19th century London - Case Study: The search for "Jack ...

    All of the women were prostitutes, none of them had been for the whole of their lives, Elizabeth Stride for example did sewing and cleaning, prostitution was a resort that she had turned to in a bid of earning extra money as sewing and cleaning were all very badly paid.

  2. Many years have gone by and the Ripper murders are still unsolved. But why ...

    A breast was removed and put under her head. These were just a few of the many horrific things that happened to the body. The coroner Dr Bond disagreed with the previous coroners and said that the killer had no medical knowledge what so ever.

  1. Jack The Ripper - law and order, publicity and why the killer escaped justice.

    crimes all contributed to the weak law and order system which was in place during 19th Century London. 2.Why did the Whitechapel murders attract so much attention in 1888? (15 marks) The five Whitechapel murders in 1888 were cause of much attention and interest and remains so today.

  2. The History of Bradford. How Undercliffe Cemetery display the values of the Victorians.

    Each member of the family had its own place and children were taught ?to know their place? Most days the middle and upper class children saw very little of their parents. The children would spend most of their time in the nursery and would be brought up by their nanny.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work