• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

History Notes Of Singapore History Chapter 4

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Chapter 4 - How did the British govern Singapore before WWII? 1. For how long did the British govern Singapore? 2 periods: 1819 - 1942 1942 (1942-1945 SG under Jap occupation) - 1963 *1819 - Brit. established trading settlement in SG *1824 - Brit. signed Anglo-Dutch Treaty & acquired whole of SG *1826 - Brit. combined 3 possessions, SG, Melaka & Penang into Straits Settlements, ruled as part of Brit. India by EIC (east india company) *1858 - EIC disbanded and Brit. govt took over control of British India *1867 - Straits Settlements became Crown Colony when placed under direct control of Colonial office in London. Then belonged to Brit. Queen, Queen Victoria. ** Take note of the division of power and various big sections e.g. Governor of Straits Settlements, Executive Council & Legislative Council 2. How were the locals involved in the govt? - Number of non-official members was fewer than number of officials in Legislative Council - Meant that Asian merchants who were part of non-official members were often out-voted - Hoo Ah Kay was first Asian non-official member - Pressure to increase number of non-official members finally met in 1924 when number of non-official and official members in Legislative Council were equal - Subsequently, there were more Asian members such as Dr. ...read more.

Middle

Malay and Indian policemen with no knowledge of Chinese dialects - Few people wanted to join police force because pay was low and police not equipped to deal with criminals - bribery was common - army often called in to help police maintain law & order in settlements >POLICE FORCE (after) - Thomas Dunman made 1st police commissioner in SG in 1857 - govt tried to improve police force by increasing pay of policemen - proper training was provided - more capable officials who could speak Malay & Chinese dialects were recruited - 1862, detective branch set up to look into activities of secret societies - 1906, Chinese detectives recruited to help investigations, particularly crimes linked to secret societies - 1931 detective branch renamed Criminal Investigation Department (C.I.D.) - 1903 modern methods such as finger-printing were introduced - by mid-1920s law & order had improved >CHINESE PROTECTORATE - set up to deal with problems of Chinese community - William Pickering was first protector of the Chinese (from May 1877 - 1888) & could speak many dialects such as Mandarin, Cantonese, Teochew, Hokkien & Foochow - 1st Protectorate office located at Havelock Road - all Chinese secret societies had to register with Chinese Protectorate - Pickering persuaded Chinese community to settle quarrels at Chinese Protectorate instead of going to Chinese secret societies & this weakened power of society leaders - coolie-agents & lodging houses registered with Chinese Protectorate. ...read more.

Conclusion

serve public - Quarantine law passed to prevent infectious diseases such as small pox & cholera from spreading - all ships stopped @ St. John's Island where passengers were checked for infectious diseases. Those found suffering from diseases were quarantined in separate place for some time to prevent spreading - by 1940s, public health generally improved & spread of disease greatly reduced 6. How did the Brit. govt & the Europeans view the people in SG? *Brit govt & Europeans believed they were more superior to Asians *Asians discriminated by Brit. govt & Europeans - most high-ranking officials in govt service were Euros. Well-qualified Asians not given senior or impt posts - (medical service) Asian doctors educated in Brit. universities not allowed to old senior posts in hospitals; these posts held by Brit. doctors - (transportation) railway dept discouraged Asians from travelling in first-class carriages - Asians not allowed to use dance floor or bar in public places such as hotels as these were reserved for Euros QUESTIONS TO PONDER: * What kind of problems did the British face in maintaining law & order? (elaborate on the 3 problems - Chinese secret societies, abuse of immigrants & piracy) * How did the British government and the Europeans view Asians in Singapore? (describe discrimination & provide a few examples) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Executive Summary Fairmont hotels.

    The country has a relatively high Human Development Index for the Asian continent, ranking 39th globally, and had a GDP purchasing power parity of $164.4 billion in 2007 according to the CIA. UAE has one of the most diverse populations in the Middle East.19% of the population is Emirati, and

  2. 'To use history for recreation is to misuse it'. Discuss

    past'11 and as such need to be accepted as a valuable use of historical information. However, she argues that 'displays...are concerned with the past without necessarily declaring themselves to be offering instruction in history'12 and this appears to suggest that although museums are a vital part of the heritage industry

  1. History Notes Of Singapore History Chapter 6

    The British underestimated the Japanese - Brit believed that the Jap army, air force & navy were inferior so they did not send more naval & air reinforcements - In fact, Imperial Japanese Army had a large modern air force & naval fleet - Japanese 'Zero' fighter planes destroyed about

  2. Free essay

    How did Mao ze Dung and Deng Xieoping contribute to the history of China?

    Someone shouldn't be killed because they don't wont to give up their life's work. The government introduced into each school a programme of 'ideological remoulding' or 'thought reform' These lessons were held in every school and work place to study the 'thought of Mao Dze Dung' to persuade people into Mao's way of thinking.

  1. History Notes Of Singapore History Chapter 5

    ii. Improvement in communications: - With arrival of steamships, Asians in SG also used them to transport their foods between SG & other ports in region. - Letters from Euro to SG arrived in 5 weeks instead of 5 months - Such improvement in speed of communications meant that letters &

  2. Question 4 Of The 1960(TM)s

    The BBC created BBC 2 the same year this source was written, the BBC2 however was suppose to be very much intellectual a bit more mature than the original BBC. Mary White house also had something to say about this new BBC channel that had came out she had said that she felt the station was becoming more controversial.

  1. Roosevelt's New Deal

    Study Sources E, F and G. Are these cartoons for or against Roosevelt? Explain your answer with reference to the cartoons. Source E is against Roosevelt since the news paper is throwing criticisms at how Roosevelt runs the government, but mainly how he is taking care of the economy.

  2. History of Medicine Revision Notes.

    ? Hippocrates was important because he moved away from supernatural theories of disease. Hippocrates gave natural treatment such as the bleeding cup to restore the imbalance 1. Natural Treatment: E.g. the Bleeding cup: the cup was heated and then cooled and placed over a cut ? it would draw blood

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work