• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

History Notes Of Singapore History Chapter 5

Extracts from this document...


Chapter 5 - How did external events before WWII affect Singapore? A. INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION IN THE 18TH CENTURY * What was the Industrial Revolution - Industrial Revolution took place in the 18th century (1750 - 1850) in Britain & spread to Europe & the United States. - New machines invented to replace traditional methods of production & allowed people to do things at a faster & cheaper rate. - New sources of power were discovered to drive these new machines. - These developments brought about great changes in the way people lived & worked. *Series of events that trace developments of the IR in Britain: i. Why it started: 18th century, old-fashioned method of making cloth by hand too slow; workers could only produce enough cloth for themselves. ii. How it evolved: New machines invented; e.g. spinning machines which shortened production time of cloth; & steam-engines which provided energy for machines to produce goods in large quantities. Coal was burnt into steam-engines to turn water into steam. iii. What was impact: Workers needed to run machines which were located in factories in towns; people left countryside to look for jobs in towns & cities; use of machines meant Europeans were producing more goods at cheaper price & there was need to look for new markets outside own countries to sell these excess good & also to find raw materials for goods - Asia was an option. ...read more.


- In 1900, it was renamed Keppel Harbour - New Harbour had deep waters allowing sailing ships & steamships to sail right up to the harbour - The 2 smaller islands sheltered the New Harbour from strong winds & big waves - In 1912, the govt set up SG Harbour Board to make new improvements to the port - New wharves, docks, storehouses & machine shops were built - Modern machinery such as forklifts, cranes & tractors used for loading & unloading of goods - Railway system set up to link port to other parts of Malaya - Improvements provided better & faster services in handling goods from ships which called at the port - As volume of goods & number of ships coming into SG Harbour increased, SG became one of busiest ports in Asia * How WWI affected SG i. War in Europe - Countries in Europe divided themselves into 2 opposing groups in 1914 - Germany, Austria-Hungary & Ottoman Empire belonged to one group called the Central Powers - Britain, France, Italy & Russia formed another group called the Allied Powers - Situation in Europe was very tense & any spark would have torched a war - So when Archduke of Austria-Hungary, Franz Ferdinand was murdered in 1914, European countries took sides in a war that erupted into World War I with the Central Powers fighting the Allies ii. ...read more.


goods - As American companies no longer making profits, workers were laid off or workers' wages were cut - The Great Depression was not confined to America; it affected other countries that traded with America, including SG - It was only in 1934 that business conditions in America & other countries improved & exports from SG began to increase again (Effects on Singapore) - SG's economy depended largely on overseas trade & it was affected as demand for certain commodities including tin & rubber dropped - Many companies in SG suffered losses. To cut costs, companies retrenched workers. Many companies also went bankrupt - Hardship & unemployment was rife - Even govt had to cut down on number of workers & reduce pay of remaining workers - Unemployed had to depend on friends or relatives or return to their homeland when their relatives could no longer support them - To try to improve situation, govt passed a law in 1930 to impose quota on number of immigrants coming into SG. Number of Chinese immigrants dropped from 242000 in 1930 to less than 28000 in 1933 - Govt also sent large number of unemployed Chinese & Indians back to their homelands *Questions to think about: i. How did the Industrial Revolution affect Singapore? ii. Why was there a need to build a New Harbour & what are the new facilities in the New Harbour? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Reasons for founding Singapore

    This caused intense jealousy from the part of the British as they were missing on many trading opportunities. This jealousy was worsened by the fact that some of Britain's traditional trading markets like America were in turmoil since America had just gained her independence.


    On 29th October, 1929, the chaotic selling of shares began again because of predictions by many brokers. Roger Babson, an economic forecaster said, "Sooner or later a crash is coming and it may be terrific." People like Roger Babson now speculated that the market would crash because it had been

  1. Black Country Museum Local History Coursework

    Small details such as a replica of the type of till that would have been used added to the realism. A fascinating range of early cosmetics was also displayed, an interesting addition. Thus, the Black Country Museum is an accurate portrayal of life during the 19th century.

  2. Analyzing the fall of Singapore

    However, the British failed to respond appropriately and quickly enough to such action by the Japanese which led to them getting caught off-guard when the Japanese launched their attack on the Sunday now termed Black Sunday, and allowing the Japanese to win over Singapore in a short span of just three months.

  1. Consider the treatment of history in Julian Barnes's A History of The World in ...

    In 'The Survivor' Kath says, 'I hate dates. Dates are bullies, dates are know-alls', in relation to the mnemonic about the date Columbus discovered America. Barnes seems to share this opinion. In his history of the world there are very few dates; this staple of conventional history books is largely missing.

  2. GCSE History Coursework: How were the various groups of people affected by events during ...

    also rising in popularity since the declaration of the war, mirroring the happenings in Britain. Too add to this, Source 14 shows the Argentines rise is moral as they captured a number of British soldiers and gave them a feeling of early superiority.

  1. How Did Hong Kong Fall so Quickly to the Japanese in WWII

    After the Japanese had crossed the border, the British placed all of their troops at the Shing Mun redoubt, The Royal Scots Battalion held defences extending from the Texaco Peninsula to the Shing mun Redoubt. The British believed that the redoubt would provide a military advantage.They had predicted that it

  2. History of Medicine Revision Notes.

    Stopping Bleeding by sealing wounds: Wounds used to be sealed by a hot cautery iron BUT Pare found a more humane way of sealing the wounds using a Knife, a crow?s beak and double thread. 1. When? = 1575 2.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work