• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

History Notes Of Singapore History Chapter 6

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

CHAPTER 6 - How did World War II affect Singapore? A. WHAT WERE THE EFFORTS MADE BY THE BRITISH TO DEFEND SG? (Why Singapore was known as the 'impregnable' fortress of the British Empire in the East) i. 'Main fleet in SG' strategy - After WWI, Britain was financially drained & could not maintain a strong naval presence in the Far East - There was a need to keep all the warships in Europe as well as need to defend its empire in the Far East as Japan was building a strong navy - SG was chosen as naval base & construction of the base was completed in 1938 - British would send ships from Europe if there were trouble in Asia ii. 15-inch guns - To defend naval base in SG, 15-inch guns were installed facing the sea to prevent attack from the sea iii. Military airfields - Built in Tengah & Sembawang iv. Underground bunkers - Built in Fort Canning, Labrador & Sembawang v. Defence from Malaya - Jungles of Malaya believed to be natural barriers to any form of enemy attack because they were dense & difficult to penetrate vi. Indian, British & Australian troops - Troops arrived in 1941 to defend both SG & Malaya from possible attack vii. HMS Prince of Wales & HMS Repulse - On Dec 1941, both battleships arrived in SG B. WHY DID THE BRITISH FAIL TO STOP THE JAPANESE? i. ...read more.

Middle

- Chinese suffered most among the races - Chinese perceived as threat to Jap rule - Jap Imperial Army hated Chinese because of war they fought in China where Jap met with strong resistance - Before the outbreak of war, Chinese community in SG led by tycoon Tan Kah Kee, called for boycott of Jap goods & contributed funds to anti-Jap war affort in China - Some even returned to China to join fight against Jap - Jap started mass screening (Sook Ching) with intention of wiping out anti-Jap elements - All men between age 18-50 were required to report at the mass screening centres such as the YMCA building at Stamford Road & the Central Police Station at South Bridge Road - They were questioned by the Jap and at some times, local informers wearing hoods would point out certain people as anti-Japanese. These people were taken in lorries to Changi & other beaches on the east coast where they were gunned down - Others received the 'examined' stamp from Jap & were allowed to go home - Chinese were forced to contribute $50 million towards Jap's war efforts (PROPAGANDA) - There were propaganda campaigns carried out by Jap to influence minds of people in SG so that they were loyal to the Jap - Straits Times was renamed Syonan Sinbun - Jap aimed to remove western influence & promote Jap culture & values to people in SG (Jap spirit also known as 'Nippon Seishin') ...read more.

Conclusion

services - An island-wide campaign was launched in OCT 1945 - Free medical services provided at medical centres set up all over island - Vaccinations against infectious diseases such as tuberculosis were available - War destroyed many houses, leaving thousands homeless - Rents became very high as a result of shortage of houses - Those who could not afford high rents live in overcrowded squatters or cubicles - Lack of housing - A law was passed on rent control to stop landlords from raising the house rents & forcing tenants out - GOVT constructed some flats to help alleviate the problem of housing shortage Shortage of food - British cleared the harbour by removing sunken ships & explosives that had been laid in the sea by the Japanese so that ships could enter the port - Wharves were repaired & new warehouses were built to store commodities that were brought into the port - Food rationing was introduced - People's Restaurants were opened to sell food at reasonable prices - Food supplies slowly increased when SG's entrepot trade resumed Unemployment BMA referred unemployed people to the Labour Exchange in Havelock Road which was tasked to match the needs of employers to the skills of the unemployed *Questions for you to attempt: - Why was Singapore known as the 'impregnable fortress'? - If Singapore was indeed an 'impregnable fortress', why was the British unable to stop the Japanese from taking over Singapore? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Analyzing the fall of Singapore

    This caused Yamashita, the tiger of Malaya, to force Percival to an unconditional surrender which Percival agreed for he believed the British were outnumbered both in resources and numbers as compared to the Japanese when in actual fact, it was the other way round and the Japanese would have lost the war if it continued for a few more days.

  2. 'To use history for recreation is to misuse it'. Discuss

    the history'7 and with the ability to get the viewer involved in the programme and feel and think beyond the visual images they are promoting history in a positive way and to be able to 'live the history' makes it much more believable.

  1. How far is it possible to say when Wollaton hall was built?

    Today it shows many things have changed. It shows us that Nottingham council has sold off some of the parkland for the building of private housing estates. Also including that some of the land went towards building part of Nottingham's ring road, Middleton Boulevard. Although Wollaton Park is reduced in size, it still has plenty of vegetation.

  2. Free essay

    How did Mao ze Dung and Deng Xieoping contribute to the history of China?

    When Mao was practicing his health scheme, he decided to tell everyone to collectively kill what he thought were the three enemies of hygiene, rats, flies and sparrows. Each person must kill a certain amount of days, if they didn't they got fined, if they killed more, they had a bonus.

  1. The Atomic Bombings of Japan q.5

    This is what would have happened if Truman had not decided to use the bomb on Japan, many Americans would have suffered horrible deaths, and, by making that decision, in long term; it actually did "save thousands

  2. 'How did Hegel envisage the course of history and upon what did he base ...

    ultimate design, that it is a rational process - whose rationality is not that of a particular subject, but a divine and absolute reason - this is a proposition whose truth we must assume; its proof lies in the study of world history itself, which is the image and enactment

  1. History of Medicine Revision Notes.

    Importance of Hippocrates 1. He came up with the Four Humours Theory[e], which was a Natural Theory of Disease. He stated that there were four humours in the body [f](Phlegm, Black Bile, Yellow Bile and Blood) and each humour was linked to a season and an element.

  2. The History of Bradford. How Undercliffe Cemetery display the values of the Victorians.

    to The Behrens family, they had decided to include everybody?s name that was in their family implying that they were all buried together. This grave brings out a feature of the cemetery that supports that family values were an important element in the Victorian life.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work