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History of Astrology Babylonian Astrology: The Babylonians believed that the sun, moon and planets (Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, Mercury and Mars) are phenomena for the communication of God with the humans.

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Introduction

(1) History of Astrology Babylonian Astrology: The Babylonians believed that the sun, moon and planets (Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, Mercury and Mars) are phenomena for the communication of God with the humans. Each of these planets used to represent God for the Babylonians. * "Jupiter (Marduk) * Venus (Ishtar) * Saturn (Ninib) * Mercury (Nebo) * Mars (Nergal)" Babylonians were the first to name the days of the week in relation to the sun, moon and planets. * "Sunday (day of the sun) * Monday (day of the moon) * Tuesday (day of Mars) * Wednesday (day of Mercury) * Thursday (day of Jupiter) * Friday (day of Venus) * Saturday (day of Saturn)" The Babylonians also considered to the first ones to begin the 12 houses and they gave them names that represent things in real life: 1. " Life (2) 2. Profit/lose 3. Brothers 4. Parents 5. Children 6. Illness/health 7. Wife/husband 8. Death 9. Religion 10. Dignities 11. Friendship 12. Enmity" (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babylonian_astrology ) (http://astrologynotes.org/Babylonian_astrology ) (1)* Chinese Astrology: There are two different stories about where the names of the Chinese zodiac came from. The first one is that Buddha before dying invited all the animals and only twelve of them came, so he decided to name each year after each of these animals according to the sequence they came with which is: (The rate, ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, sheep, monkey, rooster, dog and ...read more.

Middle

* Sekhmet (God of War and Conquest) (27 November-26 December) * The Sphinx (God of the Nile) (27 December-25 January)" (http://www.hogglewick.co.uk/Catalogue/List133.aspx) The modern astrology in Egypt started when Alexander the Great conquered Alexandria in 331 BC. During this time, the Babylonians astrology merged with the Egyptian one forming a new system called "horoscopic astrology". The attempt of this new system was to know the horoscope of the person by studying the position of the planets and stars at the same time this person was born. This new system was then distributed to other part of the world as Europe, Middle East and India. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_astrology) (5) (5) Indian Astrology: Greek astrology was transmitted to India in the 2nd and 3rd centuries by means of several Sanskrit translations, of which the one best known is that made in AD 149/150 by Yacanesvara and versified as the Yavanajataka by Sphujidhvaja in AD 269/270. The techniques of Indian astrology are thus not surprisingly similar to those of its Hellenistic counterpart. But the techniques were transmitted without their philosophical underpinnings, and the Indians modified the predictions to be applied to Greek and the Roman society. In particular, they took into account the caste system, the doctrine of metempsychosis (transmigration of souls), the Indian theory of five elements (earth, water, air, fire, and space), and the Indian systems of values. ...read more.

Conclusion

The clock consists of three main parts; the astronomical dial representing the position of the sun and the moon, calendar that has been added to the clock in 1870 representing the months and figures of the Apostles and other moving sculptures. The background represents the earth; the upper blue part is the sky above the horizon and the yellow and black part represent the sky below the horizon. "During the day time the sun site over the blue part, during the night it site over the black part and in dawn or dusk the position of the sun is over the yellow part." As moving from inside to outside, first to meet is the black circle that represents the 12 zodiac signs. Then the background that have curved lines that divide the circle into 12 parts and 1/12 of these hours represent the different time between sunrise and sunset also in this background there is numbers written in Roman form and with gold. Finally a black edge that having numbers from 1 to 24 also written in gold. There is a small sun attached to a golden hand. This sun represents time in three different ways. First when the sun is over the outer black edge it gives Old Czech Time. Second when the sun is over the curved lines in (8) the background it gives unequal hours. Finally when the sun is over the numbers written in Roman in the background it gives the current time in Prague. ...read more.

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