• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

History of Medecine, 19th - 20th century summary

Extracts from this document...


Fighting Disease Jenner * Edward Jenner - 1796 - tested vaccination on James Phipps * Opposition: 1. Different to what had been taught previously 2. Doctors in inoculation would lose business (Suffolk's, over 10,000) 3. Doctor from the country, not a leading doctor/ Some died of cowpox 4. Disease of an animal couldn't help humans 5. Injecting disease into the body doesn't make sense 6. Propaganda - James Gillray 1802 cartoon of humans --> cows Opposition was overcome because vaccination worked, was widely publicised and had many supporters, home and abroad. Pasteur & Koch * In 1857, Pasteur was investigating why sugar beet went sour ( a problem in the brewing industry) --> 1862, Swan neck flask heated. * In 1867, he was studying pebrine, a silkworm disease - he was able to demonstrate germs were the cause of it. The link between disease and germs had been made * 1870 - Germs, decay and disease were widely accepted - next thing to indentify particular germs * 1872, Koch studied anthrax --> 1875 he had identified the germ that caused it * Koch then investigated septicaemia (blood poisoning) ...read more.


* Koch 1890 TB - worked on animals only, pressured into releasing it by government, lost much of his credibility Industry (technology) - MICROSCOPES and chemical dyes which helped Koch War - Franco-Prussian 1870-1 - nationalism/patriotic -->rivalry which pushed each other Chance - Chamberland, discovery of attenuation/ Joseph Meister appearance Individuals - Intelligent, persistent, determined + good public speakers Communication - Koch heard of Pasteur - worldwide exposure Research - Both had capable/researched teams Paul Ehrlich & Gerhard Domagk * Magic bullet - looked for dyes that killed microbes in 1889 * 1909 - Sahachiro Hata - Salversan 606 - repeated on hundreds of animals with syphilis * Thick --> painful to inject * Condoned promiscuous lifestyles * Inspired by Ehrlich - determined to find more cures * 1935 - his daughter became ill with streptococcus - tried untested prontosil - worked * Used to cure scarlet fever + puerperal fever Penicillin * 1928 - Fleming was cleaning Petri dishes... ...read more.


Some worried surgeons were too inexperienced 2. Confusion on how much to give + side effects (Hannah Green,1848, 15yrs for a minor operation) 3. Calvinist Church --> women had to experience pain in childbirth (Bible) 4. The surgeon had total control of the patient 5. 1854, John Hall, Chief of medical staff - good to know if patient is alive and fight the pain Infection - Joseph Lister * 1846 - 1870 Black period of surgery because surgeons were more confident as the patient wasn't conscious --> Performed operations they never would have previously -->Many deaths * 1840 Ignaz Semmelweis noticed doctors went from handling dead people and delivering babies. Created a substance to wash hands with --> widely rejected as the substance he made damaged the skin * Joseph Lister, hearing about the germ theory, realised infection was killing his patients. * Noticed operation room smelt like sewers and as carbolic acid was used there, decided to spray it in the operating theatre (doctors, patient, equipment). Soaked bandages in it * Unpleasant for surgeons but in 1912 when he died mortality rates had plummeted ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Describe law and order in London in the last 19th century

    People saw the Navy as heroes. The Government thought that having police officers wearing a similar uniform to the Navy would make people like them more. Police officers hardly got any training before they started work. All police officers learned the military drill before being sent out on a beat.

  2. womens crsk history

    The extract also says that the Suffragist campaign did not work to give women the vote, even if it did make many people come on their side. Using my own knowledge, I know that the Suffragist campaign did not work, but neither did the Suffragette campaign, as neither had the

  1. Modern history

    what extent women had broken out of the separate spheres and proved their intellectual strength, being accepted by the stereotypical society.

  2. Votes For women - history

    The Suffragettes were hardliners, who could go to any extent in order to gain the vote. Instead of this being an assertive statement, it in fact backfired on their campaign. The liberals had been elected in 1906 with a massive majority.

  1. The economic prosperity of India in the 20th and 21st century

    This 'gold mine' of economic prosperity was run through the Mughal Empire - the Muslim imperialist power on the Indian sub-continent up until mid 1700's. This potential became evident to the British (leading world power at the time) and thus the country was figuratively 'invaded'.

  2. How has the introduction of new technology affected workers throughout the 20th century?

    to have been very strong and your hands would have been rubbed red raw, and you didn't always get work, to have a higher chance of getting work you would have had to buy the foreman a drink.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work