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History Project. I am going to focus on the differences between military systems between the Hittites, Phoenicians, Assyrians, Chaldeans and Persians

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´╗┐History of military In ancient times land was divided into many different areas, each area led by its own leader and inhabited by its own people. All of these people had different cultures, structure of government, trading system, art, religion and military system. Even though some countries are located near each other, their culture, beliefs and ways of doing certain things varied. In this essay, I am going to focus on the differences between military systems between the Hittites, Phoenicians, Assyrians, Chaldeans and Persians. Countries were at constant war. It was the time when nations were forced to develop their own military systems in order to keep peace in their own land or invade new land if necessary. They had to improve their warfare tactics and establish a well-organized and structured army. This gave rise to new advanced weaponry and cunning warfare tactics. Different nations and people came up with new inventions and ideas, which gave them a head start when going to battle with their enemies. The Hittites are well known for their strategic thinking and using situations for their own benefit. ...read more.


This was a significant development in sea warfare, since it was becoming a great importance during the fifth century. Their advancement put themselves into a strong position compared to the others and therefore they were known as the most skilful shipbuilders and navigators of their time. One of the most feared army of all time was the Assyrian army. They were known as the most barbaric, brutal and remorseless people of that time. Not only were they successful in the area of weaponry, but they were also known to have special technical units. Unlike the Hittites, Assyrians used cavalry instead of chariots, which gave them a stronger position in battle. Also their usage of iron in weaponry and ability to break through brick walls made them hard to beat. Having said, even though the Assyrians had a powerful army, the Chaldeans did manage to take control of much of the territory that the Assyrians had ruled. However, when the other people went on conquering lands and contributing new ideas to the civilization, the Chaldeans did not provide any new thoughts. ...read more.


The armament that the Persians used was advanced. The weapons they used were the bow and the short sword, but sometimes they also used the spear. During battles they used elephants and scythed chariots. They had also mail armour, which was used to protect both their horses and men themselves. The cavalry wore Median dress, bronze helmets and horsehair crest. The Persian army had also an elite force, which we know as ?the immortals?. Their armament was different compared to the normal Persian soldiers?, since they were armed heavily with bows and quivers. Most of these armies achieved a lot during their times, conquered lands and made technical advancements in weaponry. Nevertheless, they were all different in areas such as weaponry, structure and tactics. To sum it all up, Hittites, Hebrews, Phoenicians, Assyrians, Lydians, Chaldeans and Persians all had a different military structure, and therefore contributed different things to our civilization. They all had their strongest areas, which worked for their own benefits during war and battle. SOURCES Holt, Rinehart & Winston World History: People and Nations Charles Sturt University Ancient History The Persian Army http://hsc.csu.edu.au History World http://history-world.org Hittie, Persia http://angelfire.com/empire2/unkeptgoose Tour Egypt http://touregypt.net ...read more.

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