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GCSE: History Projects
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By the 1520's some two thoudand slaves per year went to Sao Tom�. Soon thereafter Portuguese entrepreneurs extended the use of slave labor to South America. During 1530 Portuguese planters imported slaves directly from Kongo and Angola to Brazil, which eventually became the wealthiest of the sugar-producing lands of western hemisphere. While slavery was cruel and exploitative, for the Europeans were profitable, they obtained money for the slave trade and allowed them to build stronger empires. The demand of labor in the western hemisphere stimulated a profitable commerce known as the triangular trade, on the first leg carried European manufactured goods- mostly cloth and metal wares, especially firearms-that they exchanged in Africa for slaves.
- Word count: 595
Davy ran away from home to virginia because his father was beating him. He learned everything on his home because he thought he wouldn't find a nice girl if he could read or write. He even thought his self to add and subtract. He married Mary Finely in 1806. He settled down and became a farmer. He struggled farming on the frontier. So he moved his family to Franklin County, Tennessee in 1813. His wife, Mary, died in 1815. He remarried to a woman named Elizabeth Patton. They were taking a trip to Alabama with they're neighbors, when Crockett came down with malaria.
- Word count: 788
How important was the role played by Edwin Chadwick in improving public health services in towns in the nineteenth century?
He realised that the people becoming ill was almost like a cycle, first of all people live in dirty, overcrowded conditions, this caused a huge amount of illness. Many people were then too sick to work and then became poorer still. Therefore other people had to pay higher taxes in order to help the poor. The limitations to Chadwick's work was his argumentative and arrogant character which antagonised people and made it difficult for him to get people to support his case.
- Word count: 715
Charles Darwin's ideas about evolution and natural selection influenced society's views of 'inferior' races and gave racism a whole new level of justification for Europeans. The ideas of Darwinism issued a challenge to the religious thoughts that God created all living things in six days as it appeared in the battle. Darwin's views clashed with the time's ideas of creation and his objective was to replace current theories of separate divine creations with a theory of evolution. This caused great disagreements with the Christian church of his time.
- Word count: 956
In the long term, this led to a purpose built site for this surgery which created specialists in facial injury. This included Archibald McIndoe who had a great influence on WW2 and so this shows the great long term effect WW1 had on medicine. The X-Ray was invented in 1895 by Wilhelm R�ntgen; however their importance was not fully used until the war which confirmed the significance of them as it allowed doctors to see where pieces of shrapnel and bullets were which would have caused infection but instead could be removed.
- Word count: 1016
Rise of Absolutism in France. In France the efforts to establish an absolute monarchy were much more successful in France than in England because of many reasons.
Whereas in England, the Kings (primarily Charles I and James II) decided to act without consent from their people. This led to the people demanding more control over their government leading to a constitutional monarchy. Many factors contributed to the success of absolutism in France and the failure of absolutism in England. In France the framework for an absolute monarchy was established by the rulers of France before Louis XIV. Cardinal Richelieu and Cardinal Mazarin both made it possible for Louis to have complete control over the government. Richelieu broke the power of nobility and made it clear there was only one law - the King's.
- Word count: 649
He was also the Earl of Wessex; one of the most powerful Nobles in England and had been an advisor to Edward the Confessor. Harold was the richest man in England. His family had established alliances with all the major nobles of England. Harold also claimed that he had been chosen by Edward the Confessor to be the next King of England. When King Edward the Confessor lay dying his wife Edith and Harold were at his bedside. According to Harold, King Edward's dying words were: "I commend my wife and my entire kingdom to your care."
- Word count: 1674
The Spanish declared a surprise war on England , however , they were defeated for the following reasons : Firstly , the English had an upper hand in any dog fights or skirmishes . This is due to the fact that , although the Spanish fleets overwhelmed the opposition in numbers ( 130 war ships to a total of around 60 ) , the English ships were smaller , faster and much easier to control .This meant they could fire against the opposition , using fast , concise cannons with all the same size cannon ball , and manoeuvre themselves out of sight , before the Spanish could retaliate .
- Word count: 615
He tried out for top clubs and declined an offer from Manchester United. He returned to Australia in 1960. Charles Perkins, 1936 - 2000 During that time, it was extremely hard for aboriginals to proceed for further education at an university. Not only were they racially discriminated against, they were often neglected and treated differently to other students, like they were aliens. Charles Perkins was one of these very few aboriginals to attend university, not only any university but the University of Sydney. On his return to Australia he was crowned the captain and coach of a soccer team in New South Wales.
- Word count: 1376
Another example of a long term cause was the railways and wagons trails. When th train was built, dividing the land, the Natives had to change certain traditions. They could not follow Buffalo, and to move onto land which previously used to be home or sacred. The Whites would shoot the Buffalo, only because they could, and thus weakening their "abilities" to survive without them. After the Whites had reduced the Buffalo population from several hundred thousands to only 200, the Native Americans could no longer survive to their fittest and had to surrender.
- Word count: 491
slave owners * Injuring plantation animals Active Resistance Passive Resistance Poisoning their masters Working slowly Arson -setting fire to the slave owner's house Pretending to be mad Rebelling and taking weapons to fight the slave owners Running away Injuring plantation animals Arson -setting fire to the slave owner's house Poisoning your master's food Hanging yourself to avoid punishment Purposely misunderstanding your master's order Faking/pretending to have an illness 2.
- Word count: 404
History of London - planning a series of museum exhibits to show London from Early Victorian to 1960s & 70s.
At that age there was firefighting but it's the responsibility of your private fire insurance companies, no other properties can be protected, only the insured ones. Traveling around London was with new horse-drawn vehicles. Also steamboats services for passengers on the Thames river was introduced in 1815, by providing pictures to the public and a written explanation. The railways were introduced on 1840s, and that was between the cities. Bringing an electric telegraph to the gallery and a written explanation that says that it was first made just to communicate and signal for the expanding railway network, it can travel 1600 kilometers (1000 miles).
- Word count: 2917
Ancient Egypt Like most early people they thought that disease was caused by gods and spirits. Special prayers or spells could be said to make a person better. Charms could be worn to keep evil spirits away. A priest could be brought in to deal with evil spirits possessing the ill person. Later healing was done by people who were not priests. A class of doctors emerged. A belief spread that some diseases had natural causes and came about when the internal channels of the body became blocked. Medicines were given to unblock these channels e.g.
- Word count: 1052
The first and second estate people are france have advandage and third estate people didn't. The advantage is the first and second estate is that they don't pay tax and the third estate have to pay it. They also are the members of the society who hold high postions like officers in the army. This caused great discontent within the third estate. Some facts about the third estate people * Peasants were forced to do Milatary services. * Peasants couldn't hunt or fish on nobles estate. * Peasants had to pay tax to the lord, the king and the church.
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The materials they harvested such as sugar, tobacco, cotton, rice....etc. were then shipped back to Europe on a homeward journey. The trade was supported by different people for different reasons. For example, the British supported this trading system, as some felt that it distinguished it from other countries as a great trading nation. Many were unwilling to give the trade to their rivals- the French.
- Word count: 430
First of all, this would help prove that Latin America wasn't so completely isolated even before Columbus came and that Europe wasn't the first continent. Knowing that some Latin America countries were affected by China before Columbus came can help us realize China's technological power. Also this would help us find the countries influences. Now that we made a good base for our research we can talk about the initial actions that led to the colonization of Meso America, South America, and the Caribbean.
- Word count: 520
Many slaves were forced to work. A majority of them were kidnapped from their tribes in Africa by other tribes to be sold into slavery. *cheap labour - Plantation owners could afford many slaves working for them for low wages. http://africanhistor.about.com/od/slavery/tp/TransAtlantic001.htm *punishments - Owners of slaves are allowed to dish out what they believe to be appropriate punishments for even the smallest mistake. The slaves are punished with whips, floggers, cat o' nines, paddles. However, the worst punishment considered by the slaves was to be sold away from family and their loved ones.
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Even though the Phoenicians continued doing this, they did little to take over the area. What the Phoenicians did do was establish the city of Carthage, which was in today's Tunisia. By themselves, Carthage grew into a prosperous seaport and became an autonomous power with no help. Carthage built up a burly military force and soon Carthaginians started ruling areas like Tripolitania. Unlike the Phoenicians, the Carthaginians established numerous colonies, which they ruled with force. The Libyans disliked the Carthaginians due to the fact that the rulers stipulated that the Libyans have to give up to half of their crops each season and how the Carthaginians "sacrificed their own first-born children to their implacable gods" (Isichei 161).
- Word count: 1026
Christopher Columbus. Gold and fame were Christopher Columbuss main purposes for trying to reach the Americas.
He is acknowledged as somewhat of a heroic nowadays and is known to have discovered America, which was known as the New World back then. Gold was also promised to Christopher Columbus. Although this is a short term reason, he and his family would have benefited greatly from it. He had demanded one tenth of all wealth, metal, spices, gold and gems. Being a Christian himself, Columbus very much wanted to spread the Christian faith all over Asia as well as Europe.
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They avoided many of the U.S armies and defeated most of the ones they fought, but ended up surrendering at the end since they were all tired. It represents how the Native Americans started to not be able to fight back because they felt that there was no point now because there were too many white settlers. They just wanted to make sure their families were safe. 5. What happened at Wounded Knee? Why is this battle significant? U.S Army tried to arrest Sitting Bull and other Sioux leaders.
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Sir Francis drake must be turning in his grave." This chauvinism added to the sense of humiliation and, despite being the words of a solitary person, is an example of the resentment that was being directed towards the Prime Minister. Spawned by this feeling of humiliation arose one of anger. Again the anger was often directed at the government and, as I before, specifically at Margaret Thatcher. People looked at her leadership and saw weakness, believing her neither willing nor strong enough to defend her country's history and heritage.
- Word count: 1197
A women's role in the 1900's was unfortunately at the kitchen sink, where she would cook, clean, take care of the children and ensure the wellbeing of her home. Her husband would return from work, receiving his wages, which would in turn go to his household and he would spend a comfortable evening with his family. However this was dramatically changed when Canada had declared war on Germany and women had to replace the men's position as well as successfully keeping theirs.
- Word count: 2456
There were many different kinds of jobs during the industrial revolution depending on how lucky you were very few children got employed in a trade, the less lucky ones worked on farms or helped with spinning cloth. When the new types of work came about and the industries got bigger there were more jobs for children to do as there were many more factories and workplaces for them to earn money. Factory and mine owners became rich but the workers became very poor as they were paid low wages, and lived in unhealthy, overcrowded conditions.
- Word count: 801
Globalisation of Diseases. Early diseases spread from Asia to Europe like the bubonic plague, influenza of various types and similar infectious diseases.
* By direct contact This happens when for instances towels are shared * And by Vector This happens when insects carry the disease and pass it to other species. Because of modern transportation, a lot of diseases are spread. For instance the West nile virus in 1999, where mosquitos transported in a plane and travelled all the way to New York where they were released.
- Word count: 481