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History Qu.1 Full Answer

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Introduction

Is there sufficient evidence in Sources D to J to explain why the Troubles broke out in Northern Ireland in 1969? 'The Troubles' refers to a period of violence that broke out in Northern Ireland, from 1968 to 1998. Sources D, E and G to an extent highlight how the discriminations against each religion have built up over time. Source D gives us a Catholic perspective, whilst sources E and G are in favour of Protestants. The other sources, F, H, I and J give us more of an insight into the short-term reasons for the Troubles. All of the sources provide an insight into the long-term problems that 'The Troubles' caused, and how they affected the attitudes of people generations down the line. Take source D, for example - B. Devlin describing her school days. This gives us some insight into prejudice teachings among the Catholics, but it does not illustrate the Protestant point of view. The source indicates that The Troubles are an ongoing problem, and stems from past events, for example, her school Vice Principal describes when "All her family had suffered at the hands of the British forces." Devlin also explains how the Vice Principal's beliefs were that Protestants weren't hated, just viewed not to be Irish. This suggests that the Vice Principal (Mother Benignus) ...read more.

Middle

Emotive language is used in the picture's caption, which is a device that will provoke sympathy for the Protestants, for example 'stripped naked' and 'perished'. The term 'wild Irish' is used against the Catholics by the Protestants, because they view them as traitors to the country, something that Mother Benignus in source D also believes. The reason for the event in source G is long term. It was caused by an uprising of Catholics who had had their land taken away by English Protestants, and led a rebellion against them. Source H is a much more shocking image in comparison to the other sources, partly because it is a photograph and partly because it appears to display police brutality. The photo was taken at a time of great political change in the world. For example, Martin Luther King was leading civil rights marches for black people in America, and others were protesting against the war in Vietnam. Because police brutality was depicted in this photograph, it gave the British Government bad publicity which led to international condemnation. Ireland was inspired by the civil rights movements taking place internationally, and protests began against gerrymandering. This can be compared with source D, written by Devlin who leads many civil rights marches. ...read more.

Conclusion

Terence O'Neill had tried to stop this, but his proposals were met with violence. This can be linked to source F, where civil rights marches took place to stop gerrymandering. The police forces were almost entirely Protestant, and The Special Powers Act in 1922 was originally set up to deal with the IRA, but it gave the police in Northern Ireland more power than any other police force in the UK. They could suspend the civil liberties of a suspect. This was used more often on Catholics as the IRA became less of a threat during the 1960s. All of this built up the Catholic's resentment towards Protestants, just like in sources H and I where it led to civil rights marches and loyalist attacks. The conclusion I have reached is that although there is evidence in sources D to J, to explain why the Troubles broke out, many of the sources are biased in some shape or form. This leads me to believe that there just isn't enough sufficient evidence to give me a solid answer to the question. However, all the sources offer me different perspectives of different communities, which is a useful insight into some of the reasons for why the Troubles broke out. ?? ?? ?? ?? Meghan Mooney ...read more.

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