• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

History question 2 pickering castle

Extracts from this document...


There are many reasons a castle was built at Pickering. I intend to place the reasons a castle was built in a hierarchy of how important I think they are. I would say some of the reasons are of similar importance, as there would have been many reasons why a castle was built at Pickering. Although the reasons are multicausal but can be basically divided into why a castle was necessary, why the castle was built at Pickering and the domestic features of the castle. The domestic features include the chapel. The chapel was obviously built as a religious function. This suggests the Normans planned the building of the castle to be long term as well as short term, for both defending and as a place to live. And a place to worship. In the short term I think that the main role of the castle was to defend it from attackers. Evidence of this includes the marks of the portcullis left in the entranceway. A wall walk surrounds the castle and connects the towers and shell keep. Pickering is an example of a motte-and-bailey castle, first built from earth and timber by William the Conqueror in the early 12th century .It was rebuilt in stone and extended by the successors to the throne, notably Henry III and Edward II, depending on the threat posed at different times throughout history. Pickering castle was used as a base for controlling the rebellions during the change of throne. ...read more.


The only disadvantage of a wooden castle is that the wood could easily be burnt either deliberately or accidentally. In the 12th century there was no electricity and light came from hanging lamps, however they were a safety risk of their own as the holders were made of wood. The Shell keep was the first thing to be built in stone. Serfs from the village got stone from the quarry and floated it down the river on barges to the base of the castle. The advantages of a Stone castle are that it is harder to penetrate except by using gunpowder, which wasn't invented until later on. Also stone couldn't be burnt down, it was stronger than wood and showed greater power. A disadvantage was that it was really expensive. The new hall was rebuilt in 1314 for the countess Alice de Lacy, wife of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster. It was described as the Meeting Hall in Tudor surveys. This suggests that by the fourteenth century the castle was well on its way to becoming more domestic and less of a defensive settlement. In the 14th century the castle had been completely converted into stone. Gradually the Anglo-Saxons integrated with the Normans and the Castle became more peaceful. This meant there was less need to defend against the English. And the need for the number of knights decreased as the number of public increased. One of the reasons the castle is not complete is because villagers have stolen the stone for their houses. ...read more.


The search then began for a new King of England. Harold Godwinson was the obvious candidate as he was also the earl of Wessex and therefore had the support of most of England who would rather an Englishman took the throne rather than a foreigner. Harold came on the throne for 9 months. However all did not go to plan as Harold Hardraada invaded the north of England. Eventually Harold Hardraada was defeated at Stamford Bridge. Harold Godwinson wasn't protecting the South. William of Normandy invaded from the south claiming Edward promised the confessor the throne to him before he died. Harold Godwinson marched his weary men down to meet them and was defeated. William of Normandy became "William the Conqueror" and king of England; he was also the King of Normandy. He died in 1087. Pickering castle was first and foremost a working castle, unlike castles suck as Bolton Castle. Bolton Castle was built in the late 14th Century, when the need for defensive castles was greatly diminished. The Castle was damaged in English civil war but much of it still remains. The main use of Bolton Castle was a manor for the Scrope family. It has no separate outer walls or a keep. It has large windows made of glass. Glass was very expensive during the 12th 13th and 14th century, which means it was obviously an expensive building. Although Diate Hill Tower had a large window and a toilet which could be climbed up the king would not be expected to stay in there during attack. If necessary the King could leave through the Sally Port in Rosamunds tower. Charlotte Wiggins Ms Foden ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Kenilworth Castle - Site Analysis********

    There was evidence that included 'murder holes'. These were holes in the ceiling so that defenders could rain rocks or other substances on the attackers' heads, a portcullis to ensure that enemies did not have access to the inside of the castle and also narrow slits to ensure that archers could easily fire at the opposition.

  2. How far is it possible to say when Wollaton hall was built?

    Willoughby also wanted the elevated position of a hill in which to build his new home upon. This would show off his house to its utmost advantage. Wollaton hall was built well above Willoughby's old house, which was on situated low ground.

  1. Kenilworth Castle

    Inside the enclosure there would have been a hall, kitchen, stables and barns. The keep had three floor levels, the top most being a fighting gallery equipped with arrow slits. The arrow slits were widened at the lower end to give a better field of plunging fire into the inner court if attackers had got that far in the castle.

  2. My main question is : How did Mussolini rise to power in ...

    It was very easy to make contact with irredentist politician and journalist Cesare Battisti, who offered him a job as writer/editor for Battisti's newspaper called Il Popolo ("The People"). In 1915 he became father of a son. After the first World War, Mussolini was heavily wounded.

  1. Why was a castle built and maintained in York?

    In 1069 a second rebellion occurred, but a much, much bigger rebellion; Denmark's and Northumbrian's against York. They captured York but William later re-gained it and ruthlessly 'laid waste in whole villages, destroyed all crops, killed al animals' from the Humber to the Tyne.

  2. How useful is visible evidence in explaining the development of power at Styal Mill ...

    For example it states "steam power at Quarry bank Mill in the 19th century came in fits and starts". This shows that they may have had some difficulties in the development of power at the mill. As well as that, I have a plan of Quarry bank Mill from a file dated 1855.

  1. 'How did Hegel envisage the course of history and upon what did he base ...

    ends that are its own, both in the subjective sense that they are grounded in its reflectively endorsed desires and evaluations, and in the objective sense they are grounded in its own true goals and purposes as a rational being.'9 Restrictions on freedom should not exist so perfect harmony can

  2. Olympics More Than Just A Sport

    of steel being used for making, this making it the worlds largest steel structure and stadium (see above and picture below). The National Stadium will host the Opening and Closing Ceremonies of the Olympics. As well as the grand and modern stadium being used to host Athletics and Football events during the Olympics.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work