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History questions on Emmeline Pankhurst.

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Introduction

Kashmala Khan History questions on Emmeline Pankhurst 1.) What was distinctive about the methods used by the WPSU in the campaign for women's suffrage? The text calls this terrorism. Does this seem fair? A: The methods used by the WSPU for its campaign for women's suffrage were fairly extreme. They chained themselves to railings, wrote 'Votes for Women' in acid on golf courses, disrupted the postal service (by making arson attacks on post boxes) attacked MPs physically and verbally, wrote graffiti on church walls and government buildings, broke windows, and burnt down empty buildings. Emmeline Pankhurst motto was ' Deeds not Words'. She encouraged militant like approach to the government but it would be debatable to call these methods terrorism. In fact, the Suffragettes started off relatively peacefully. It was only in 1905 that the organisation created a stir when Christabel Pankhurst and Annie Kenney interrupted a political meeting in Manchester to ask Winston Churchill and Sir Edward Grey if they believed in women should have the right to vote. ...read more.

Middle

Newcastle and Bradford also suffered heavily from these attacks. Other places attacked included Bath, Southampton, Richmond, Edinburgh, Kirkcaldy, Southport, Ilkeston, Hasting and Cardiff. In October 1912 Emmeline urged that ' those of you who can express your militancy by going to the House of Commons and refusing to leave do so. Those of you who can express militancy by facing party mobs at Cabinet ministers' meetings do so. Those of you who can break- windows break them. Those of you who can still further attack the secret idol of property do so'. Every time that Emmeline was imprisoned, it excited a strong response. Her conviction in April 1913 was followed, according to the WSPU, by the biggest revolutionary outbreak in Britain since the struggle for the 1832 Reform Bill. It seems that the campaign was co-ordinated quite successfully with sympathy attracted to the WSPU (Cat and Mouse Act). Even though she did not write a template for WSPU activity, Emmeline Pankhurst undoubtedly framed the policy by her high profile speeches and her incitement to violence 3.) ...read more.

Conclusion

In is vital to keep in mind that up until 1912 Emmeline Pankhurst continued to use constitutional means, speaking all over Britain to various groups, demonstrating, petitions, trying to persuade MPs to listen and support Conciliation Bills. It was when these methods failed that the WSPU resorted to violence. Emmeline always insisted that the militant campaign was targeted against property not human life. So in conclusion it is clear that Emmeline had tried hard to use the 'pen rather than the sword' however it was when that failed did the WSPU resort to undemocratic means. 5.) Why did Sylvia and Christabel part Company in 1914? A: Christabel helped her mother Emmeline out with the war effort, however Sylvia was deeply opposed to the war. She disagreed with the WSPU strong support of the war effort and joined with Charlotte Despond to form the Women's Peace Army and organisation, which demanded a negotiated peace. During the war she joined Dr. Barbara Tchaykovsky to open four mother- and-baby clinics in London. Sylvia was a supporter of the Russian Revolution and in 1917 visited the country and met Lenin. She ended up arguing with him over the issue of censorship. ...read more.

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