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History: Russia

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Explain Trotsky's contribution to the success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922. Trotsky's contribution to the Bolsheviks up to 1922 was significant as he gave great speeches and was very influential in making the Bolsheviks a strong force. In April 1917, support for Lenin grew dramatically as his followers gradually accepted the April These. Support also came from Trotsky, a Menshevik. Trotsky was sure that Lenin's plan was the right one and he won support for Lenin with his effective speeches to soldiers and workers. He soon joined the Bolsheviks party to help Lenin. In September 1917, the Bolsheviks won an overall majority in the election to the Petrograd soviet and Trotsky, a recent recruit to the Bolsheviks, was elected chairman. Trotsky was a great influencer of decisions due to his captivating speeches. He was a immense asset to the Bolsheviks. Trotsky was the leader of the Red Army. Kerensky needed this army to defeat Kornilov. The Bolsheviks had become an armed force led by Trotsky. ...read more.


It was almost a bloodless takeover, which enabled Lenin to set up a new soviet government with himself in charge. The Bolsheviks succeeded, as they were well organised and disciplined. By 1918, the Bolsheviks were in great danger during the 1918-1920's. There were enemies on all fronts, Russian 'whites' supported by foreign armies. The Czech, British, French, American and Japanese. The whites were the supporters of the Tsar, and Trotsky needed to create and army able enough to resist them. A new army was created out of the shambles of the old Russian Army and Trotsky also had to worry about the threats of a civil war and foreign intervention. Trotsky focused on developing a small but professional, able force. The Red Army, as it was known, was brilliantly organised by Trotsky. At first it was untrained and undisciplined but Trotsky turned that around by using ex-tsarist officers to train and lead the soldiers. By including in each unit a political commissar from the Communist Part, he secured the loyalty of the officers. ...read more.


There was strict discipline, food was ration and money became almost worthless. The Cheka, Lenin's secret police was sent to the countryside to seize grain and food, if none was handed over, the peasant would most likely have been shot. In 1921, the Kronstadt Mutiny became a direct challenge to Lenin. If the armed forces had rebelled against government, Lenin could have been overthrown. However, Trotsky supported Lenin and organised the crushing of the rebellion causing Lenin to stay in power. Again, after Lenin introduced the New Economic Policy after the protests again War Commission in 1921, Trotsky stood by Lenin, even though he disagreed and Lenin remained in power. Trotsky was very important to the success of the Bolsheviks during 1917-1922. He had supreme skills in organisation and speech making which gained Lenin a lot of support and he kept the belief of the Russian people in the Bolsheviks group. After many problems, Trotsky's tactics and inspirational leadership kept Lenin and power. Trotsky was a tireless worker, a fantastic public speaker and was good on making plans. He was the key to the Bolshevik success in 1917-1922. Samantha Featherstone History GCSE coursework Mrs Scott 1 ...read more.

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