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History Sourcework - How similar are the messages of these two cartoons? - Hitler's Germany

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Introduction

History Sourcework: Compare Sources F and G. How similar are the messages of these two cartoons? Source F was published in a Russian newspaper on the 10th of November after the events of Kristallnact. It depicts a German officer, of the SA as the uniform shows, holding a knife covered in blood standing on the wreckage and rubble of a house while over him from the clouds looks Tsar Nicholas II in a disapproving manor quoting ''Attacking the Jews never did me any good, my Fascist Friend''. The stance of the German officer makes him look oafish or thuggish; that the pride of the German military might is nothing. He is fat and ugly, the very opposite of what the Germans were trying to promote as there ideal man. The way, in which his sleeves are rolled up indicating that he has just performed a messy job, the blood on the knife leads to this conclusion as well. The club in the officers left hand is meant to represent a certain stone age feel to this act of brutality and the pocket watches that have been looted trying to shame the German army by showing them as no more than common thieves. Tsar Nicholas II was the last Tsar of Russia. ...read more.

Middle

The message of this cartoon is that Kristallnact was a pre-meditated event designed to brutally murder the Jews. The figure of the tsar, who committed a similar crime and didn't get away with it consequently being killed, the same will happen to the nazi's. The lack of respect shown towards the Nazis is obvious as this cartoon was drawn in 1938, a year before the Nazi-Soviet pact by using phrases such as ''my fascist friend'' which are full of sarcasm and irony. The obvious disapproval of the actions of the party and the way, in which the communist party feels that justice will be done to the perpetrators, this cartoon radiates the message ''watch out, or you'll end up like our tsar''. A British magazine drew source G, published on the 30th of November 1938. The policy of appeasement, which had been followed, for so many years by Britain and France towards Germany had stopped with the realisation that it was not working after all of Czechoslovakia had been invaded. There are three main characters in the cartoon. At the front and most prominent is Germania- representational of all the German people. She has been tied up with her hands behind her back and her feet in shackles-a slave to the will of the Nazi party. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion, I believe in order to look at the similarity of the two cartons, you must be able to look at the differences between the two cartoons. There are very few differences between the two cartoons but they are important differences. The first main difference between the sources is the style. Source F is lighter and less serious than the dark, brooding style of Source G, though both contain a serious message. The second is that Source F depicts the SA as carrying out the murders and destruction, while Source G shows the SS to be the culprits. Using my own knowledge I believe Source F to be more accurate in this sense. Both sources agree that Jews were murdered and their property looted and destroyed by German military officers using weapons such as clubs and in one-source knives. The most important aspect is though the messages of the cartoons. Both sources agree that Hitler and the Nazi party were involved in the murders on Kristallnact, and that they must be punished and stopped. This is where the similarity of the messages stop though, source F does no more just stating that the party must be prevented from committing any more murders or atrocities. Source G however challenges the people reading to do something actively in preventing Hitler and the Party from continuing. This challenge marks the two sources apart and there similarities and differences, though they both are in favour of preventing any more events from occurring. J.Harratt ...read more.

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