• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

History weimar republic

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the Weimar Republic fail? The Weimar Republic experienced two points of crisis. The first was between 1919 and 1923, from which it recovered. The second, between 1929 and 1933, destroyed it. The first of the two (1919-1923) had three main causes; the treatment of Germany by the Allies, economic collapse within Germany and political putsches (revolts). All three were interconnected. The first cause was mainly as a result of the Treaty of Versailles. Just two days after the formation of the Republic, Germany surrendered to the Allies (11 Nov 1918)- this led to the terms of the Treaty being announced in June 1919. The four main points of the Treaty were as follows; * Blame- Germany was to take all blame for causing the First World War and the damage resulting from it. * Reparations- Germany had to pay the costs of the war- this meant many of its railway engines and rolling stock were confiscated, and in 1921, it was announced that Germany should pay a huge 6,600 million in reparations, it was a large price to pay. ...read more.

Middle

However ,it was a dangerous game being played by the government, as there were those who saw the economic collapse as a perfect opportunity to bring about the fall of the Weimar Republic. There were two attempts to overthrow the Republic. The first, March 1920, was led by Dr Wolfgang Kapp; who marched on Berlin with 5000 supporters intending to set up a right wing government. The government withdrew to Dresden and called for a general strike of German workers in the essential services; gas, water, electricity and transport. Without these, Kapp had no hope to govern, so eventually gave up and fled abroad. This attempt was known as the Kapp Putsch. Another attempt was made in November 1923, at the height of the economic crisis, by Adolf Hitler. Hitler, who had recently become leader of the Nazi Party, felt that the government was ripe for destruction. He attempted to organize a march from Munich to Berlin- however this attempt proved to be unsuccessful. The march was broken up by Bavarian police in Munich itself, and Hitler was arrested and later put in prison. ...read more.

Conclusion

For the majority of the 1920s, the American economy had expanded rapidly and investors were happy to renew loans to Germany as they were needed. But, in October 1929, disaster struck- the Wall Street Crash. The value of shares collapsed and many businesses were ruined. The Americans had no option but to pull out their investments from Germany and demand immediate repayment. The whole basis of Germany's recovery was destroyed. Thousands of businesses went bankrupt, deprived of the money which had previously kept them going. To make matters even worse, most countries in the world slid into a 'depression' as overseas markets for their goods suddenly declined. This meant that even those few German businesses which had managed without loans were also badly affected. As a result, the number of unemployed increased rapidly, reaching a huge 6 million by 1932. The result was social misery, many people had to give up their homes because they could no longer afford the rent on them. The memory of the earlier economic crisis of 1919-23 returned, leaving many people doubly bitter. Political crisis. Economic crises nearly always produce political crises, because governments suddenly find themselves having to deal with an impossible situation. This is precisely what happened from 1929 onwards. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    The Black Reichswehr This was an organisation formed by the government in order to get around the Treaty of Versailles' restrictions on the size of the army. Its r´┐Żle was to defend Germany from the East. Elements within the Black Reichswehr were disgruntled with the acts of the socialist-dominated government in capitulating to foreigners once again.

  2. Why Did The Weimar Republic Face So Many Problems In The Years Of 1919-1923?

    Again the government are held responsible. The Weimar never really got onto to its feet thanks to the lack of first-rate, strong leaders, for example Friedrich Ebert may have been the first President of the Weimar republic but he had many problems to deal with and dealt with them by the use of violence with help of extremists.

  1. Was the Weimar Republic Doomed From the Start? 1919-23

    Consequently, the Republic achieved in overcoming some areas of Versailles as well as increasing the feeling of hatred towards the Allies, thus pushing the blame from the government. Despite all these factors that aided the survival of the Weimar republic, perhaps the most important of all was real political strength.

  2. The collapse of the Weimar republic.

    I feel that the Great Depression was one of the most significant factors in the downfall of the Weimar Republic, because it was an uncontrollable event that affected Germany "in a particularly savage way" (Layton). Overseas loans were recalled, at the same time, the price of food and raw materials were in decline as nation reduced their imports.

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    supported the Kaiser; they compromised themselves by cooperating with the business community and the army in order to prevent a social revolution. * In 1916, the German Social Democratic Party, which controlled the Reichstag, split in order to cater for the tensions between the reformist and revolutionary wings.

  2. Year 11 History GCSE Coursework- Weimar Republic and Hitler

    him and supported the Kapp Putsch, and it was only due to a general strike by the left-wing that this failed. When the Nazis tried to take power in Munich, it was with the help of disloyal army members, including General Ludendorff, and 20 (both Nazis and Weimar Police)

  1. Germany 1916-1945 revision notes.

    They were forced to move out from their homes. To start off with they were sent to areas in cities designed only for them. These were ghettos; they were in the most rundown part of the city. Jewish people had: Their property confiscated Forced to move into new areas Had their citizenship taken away?

  2. WWII History Revision Notes. How far did the Weimar Republic Recover between 1924-1928.

    The use of Public Meetings and Trained Speakers: 1. The Nazi party was the only party in Germany to run classes for their members to train them in public speaking skills. This was helpful for use in parliament and to communicate with the public.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work