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Introduction

Describe how the Jews were discriminated against in Germany in the years 1933 to 1939. Adolf Hitler came into power in Germany in January 1933; he had a growing desire to create a superior race, called Aryans (white, blonde hair and blue eyes). At that time Germany has a cross section of races living within it, Hitler wanted to 'purify' Germany and the only way he could do that was by getting rid of the inferior races, like Jews (whom only made up less than 1% of the overall German population), to allow his superior race to prosper. The Enabling Act that followed in March allowing Hitler and the Nazis to establish the needed policies in order to 'cleanse' Germany of the Jews as they did not need to seek approval from the Reich, at this time Hitler became dictator of Germany gaining control of every aspect of German life. The way the Jews were seen and treated got worse with time and the more power Hitler obtained. The first real anti-Jew violence started on April 1933, with an official one-day boycott of Jewish shops, lawyers and doctors across the whole of Germany. This was in due to the fact that Joseph Goebbels believed the Jews were spreading horror propaganda which was damaging Nazi Germany's reputation. On the day at 10.00am SA members stood in front of Jewish businesses stopping people from entering. They painted the yellow Star of David on the door and held signs warning people "Don't buy from Jews". Throughout Germany, acts of violence against individual Jews and Jewish property occurred; the police rarely intervened. The rest of the year saw Jews being forced out of legal professions, civil services, teaching. They were also barred from community centres and the production of kosher meat was banned, this resulted in Jews loosing parts of their life and identity. The Nuremberg Laws of 1935 had two parts to it; the first was The Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honour, which prohibited marriages and extra-marital intercourse between "Jews" (the name was now officially used in place of "non-Aryans") ...read more.

Middle

Once the USA joined the war, Germany needed to get rid of the Jews and evidence fast and concentrate on winning the war, which led to mass killings is short space of time. There weren't enough mobile gas units to go around the country so camps were the only place they seemed isolated and controlled. Camps were stopped being used in 1944-1945 as most of the Jews were killed and therefore there was no use for the camps anymore, plus the evidence must be destroyed as what Hitler was doing was cold-blooded murder of a race based solely on their race (genocide).once the war was lost, Hitler needed to cover his tracks, by that he had to close all the camps down. It has been estimated that between 1933 and 1945 a total of 1,600,000 were sent to concentration work camps. Of these, over a million died of a variety of different causes. During this period around 18 million were sent to extermination camps. Of these, historians have estimated that between five and eleven million were killed. Describe how the Jews were discriminated against in Germany in the years 1933 to 1939. Adolf Hitler came into power in Germany in January 1933; he had a growing desire to create a superior race, called Aryans (white, blonde hair and blue eyes). At that time Germany has a cross section of races living within it, Hitler wanted to 'purify' Germany and the only way he could do that was by getting rid of the inferior races, like Jews (whom only made up less than 1% of the overall German population), to allow his superior race to prosper. The Enabling Act that followed in March allowing Hitler and the Nazis to establish the needed policies in order to 'cleanse' Germany of the Jews as they did not need to seek approval from the Reich, at this time Hitler became dictator of Germany gaining control of every aspect of German life. ...read more.

Conclusion

To some extent the method of killing people with the gas seemed a more quicker and humane as it was instant and people were told that cover up stories like the gas van being shower vans, people were told to go in there to have a shower and then killed them. The large amount of Jews meant that the government could use the fit and healthy for slave labour in factories and industries near the camp and the workers were fed to make sure they were fit enough to work, those that were not , were seen as a burden and usually killed. By 1944 there were 13 main concentration camps and over 500 satellite camps. In an attempt to increase war-production, inmates were used as cheap-labour. The Schutzstaffel (SS) charged industrial companies around 6 marks for each prisoner working a twelve-hour day. Once the USA joined the war, Germany needed to get rid of the Jews and evidence fast and concentrate on winning the war, which led to mass killings is short space of time. There weren't enough mobile gas units to go around the country so camps were the only place they seemed isolated and controlled. Camps were stopped being used in 1944-1945 as most of the Jews were killed and therefore there was no use for the camps anymore, plus the evidence must be destroyed as what Hitler was doing was cold-blooded murder of a race based solely on their race (genocide).once the war was lost, Hitler needed to cover his tracks, by that he had to close all the camps down. It has been estimated that between 1933 and 1945 a total of 1,600,000 were sent to concentration work camps. Of these, over a million died of a variety of different causes. During this period around 18 million were sent to extermination camps. Of these, historians have estimated that between five and eleven million were killed. ...read more.

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