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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: History
  • Essay length: 1020 words

Hitler’s domestic policy

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

RESEARCH ESSAY Hitler's policy towards women was to make them drop them out of the workforce and make them housewives. In Weimar Germany, there had been 100,000 female teachers, 3000 female doctors and 13,000 female musicians. Within months of Hitler coming to power, 80% of female doctors and civil servants were sacked, followed by female teachers and lawyers. One of the very first laws that Hitler introduced was the Law for the Encouragement of Marriage. This stated that all newly married couples would get a loan of 1000 marks, equivalent to nine months average income. This was repayable on a sliding scale depending on the number on children you had, four children cleared the entire loan. This encouraged 800,000 newly wed women to drop out of the workforce. Unmarried women were also encouraged to have children. In fact, the Nazis established Lebensborn's, which were buildings, were unmarried women could go and get pregnant by a "racially pure" SS man. These buildings were not some dark lonely alleyways; in fact the government openly publicised about these houses and encouraged unmarried women to go to them.

Middle

History and Biology underwent major changes. History was based on the glory of Germany. The surrender in 1918 was to be the work of Jewish and Marxist spies. The Treaty of Versailles was the work of other countries that were jealous of Germany's might and power, and hyperinflation was due to Jewish saboteurs. Biology was used to prove that Germans were racial superiority to other races. Geography taught boys about land that Germany had lost and that it needed for living space. Science was very military based. It taught boys about shooting, military aviation, bridge building and impacts of poisonous gasses. Girls were taught about home domestic and about the characteristics of a perfect "racially" pure husband and father. Physical Education was very important for Hitler. Boys who were stronger and physically fitter than the rest went to Adolf Hitler School, where they were taught to be future leaders of Germany. After high school boys were expected to go into the military or to university. However, the very best went to Order Castles. These schools took students to their limits.

Conclusion

At 10, the joined the "Jungmadelbund" (League of Young Girls), then at 13 you moved into the " Bund Deutscher Madel" (League of German Girls). The girls didn't take part in the Wehrsport, however, German girls were expected to be able to run 60 metres in 14 seconds, throw a ball 12 metres, complete a 2 hour march, swim 100 metres and know how to make a bed. This poster on the right shows a League of German Maidens. The writing says "Every girl belongs to us". This poster shows that a smartly dressed young girl with the swastika behind her. This poster is pushing young girls that aren't part of the League of German Maidens to join because every girls already belongs to them and that if you're not part of them you are not part of Germany. From January 1933, when Hitler became Chancellor, nearly half the German population was unemployed. By the "economic miracle" which nearly got completely rid if unemployed was due to Hitler and Nazi propaganda. UNEMPLOYMENT IN GERMANY DATE: Number of Decrease of: Unemployed: 1933 January 6,000,000 1934 January 3,300,000 2,700,000 1935 January 2,900,00 400,000 1936 January 2,500,000 400,000 1937 January 1,800,000 700,000 1938 January 1,000,000 800,000 1939 January 302,000 698,000 ?? ?? ?? ?? Page 1 of 3

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