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Hitler and the Munich Agreement. The Munich Agreement was the final policy of appeasement that showed Hitler he could take over Europe.

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Introduction

Question 4: The Munich Agreement In the 1920s and 1930s, Adolf Hitler began his rise to power. Intent on making Germany become a major national power, Hitler had to overcome the terms that limited Germany's power in the Treaty of Versailles. Knowing that he could not overcome them through negotiation, Hitler deviously and subtly began to violate the terms of the Treaty of Versailles to restore Germany's glory. One of the most effective ways Hitler achieved this was by utilizing the antiwar sentiments of the other nations of Europe; countries such as Great Britain and France were devastated by World War 1 and would try to avoid another war at any cost. In 1938, Hitler made an aggressive claim to the Sudetenland in western Czechoslovakia. Leaders from Germany, France, Italy, and Great Britain met in Munich to discuss Hitler's radical claim, and the Munich Agreement was the result of this conference. As Churchill stated, the Munich Agreement was "a disaster of the first magnitude" (Source D); through the policy of appeasement, the nations of Europe helped Hitler succeed in his quest for dominance, further increasing German ambition and paving the road for World War 2. ...read more.

Middle

As shown in Source C, the French were willing to let Germany take over the Sudetenland. The French were happy that the German people were happy, and their only hopes were that peace would last. Unfortunately, giving in to the German's demands only lead to increased German ambition. As exemplified in Source E, appeasement would only last so long before Europe would be forced into war; Germany's goals were becoming too radical, and there was only so much land Europe could grant Hitler. In the Sudetenland, Hitler believed that the Czechs and the Slovaks were inferior to the Germans and should not control this region. Therefore, Hitler threatened war if he did not get the land he wanted. Because France, Great Britain, Italy, and Germany got together and agreed upon Hitler's requests, it proved to Hitler that the nations of Europe were weak and cowardly. By caving into Hitler's belligerent and racist demands, the leaders of France, Great Britain, and Italy essentially said that Hitler was right to make such claims. ...read more.

Conclusion

He stated that appeasement was only making Germany stronger and "the maintenance of peace depends upon the accumulation of deterrents against the aggressor" (Source D). Churchill knew that war was inevitable with Hitler now that Hitler had gained so much new territory; he believed it was atrocious that Europe squandered the many opportunities it had at stopping Hitler, especially the Munich Agreement (Source D). The Munich Agreement was Europe's last chance to stop Hitler's expansion, but the nations of Europe were too entrenched in their fears of another world war to do anything. The Munich Agreement was the final policy of appeasement that showed Hitler he could take over Europe. Now that Hitler had the Sudetenland, he had to continue on his quest for domination, and there was no turning back. The Munich Agreement was one of the major forms of appeasement that showed how much the nations of Europe feared war. By giving into Hitler's demands, the nations of Europe were digging their own graves deeper and deeper. The Munich Agreement let Hitler succeed in his quest for dominance, resulting in a more powerful Germany that would start World War 2. ...read more.

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