• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

HITLER: Night of the long knives

Extracts from this document...


HITLER: Night of the long knives Hitler became chancellor in January 1933. At this stage he was not the dictator of Germany. The night of the long knives helped him to establish his dictatorship. However, there were other aspects, which helped him extend his control. As soon as Hitler was in power, new elections were called. In the middle of the Reichstag campaign, the Reichstag building went up in flames. It was this, which allowed Hitler to increase his control over Germany. On 27th February the Reichstag caught fire. When they police arrived they found Marinus van der Lubbe on the premises. He confessed to starting the Reichstag Fire. However he denies that he was part of a Communist conspiracy. Hermann Goering refuses to believe him and he orders the arrest of several leaders of the German Communist Party. ...read more.


He could pass new laws without even consulting the Reichstag. And effectively allow him to establish a dictatorship. The Nationalists were prepared to support him in this, but even then Hitler wouldn't have the two thirds of the votes needed. After he got his enabling act, the Reichstag had in effect voted itself out of existence. It had voted to introduce a Nazi dictatorship. Now that Hitler had dictorial powers, he proceeded to extend his control further. Hitler banned political parties. This law gave Hitler what he wanted - a ban on the Communists and Socialists taking part in an election campaign. The leaders from both parties were arrested and their newspapers were shut down. To 'keep the peace' and maintain law and order, the roamed the streets beating up those who openly opposed Hitler. ...read more.


Hitler now was trying to get support from the regular Army generals to try to rebuild Germany. On 29th of June 1934 Hitler acted. He called a meeting of SA leaders. It was during this meeting that Hitler gave the purge its name: Night of the Long Knives. Hitler claimed that 61 had been executed while 13 had been shot resisting arrest and three had committed suicide. The Night of the Long Knives was a turning point in the history of Hitler's Germany. The Night of the Long Knives, in June 1934, saw the wiping out of the SA's leadership and others who had angered Hitler in the recent past in Nazi Germany. Hitler had made it clear that he was the supreme ruler of Germany who had the right to be judge and jury, and had the power to decide whether people lived or died. With elimination of potential threats to his rule, and the death of Hindenburg, Hitler was in firm control. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. How significant was The Night of the Long Knives in the establishment of the ...

    In the aftermath of the purge the SA were effectively eliminated as an effective force and became basically a propaganda showpiece. Roehm was replaced by Victor Lutze as head of the SA. Lutze was a weak man and the SA gradually lost its power in Hitler's Germany.

  2. How did Hitler establish a dictatorship?

    The first offered full pardons to all Nazis currently in prison. The prison doors sprang open and out came an assortment of Nazi thugs and murderers. The second act signed by the confused old man allowed for the arrest of anyone suspected of unkindly criticizing the government and the Nazi party.

  1. Why did the Night of the Long Knives take place?

    place in June 1934 was due to Hitler's fear of R(hm overthrowing him. By 1934, it became more apparent that the SA were becoming a very strong force independently within the Nazi party and as a result of this, posed as a critical threat towards Hitler.

  2. adolf hitler

    Under this new law Jews could no longer be citizens of Germany. It was also made illegal for Jews to marry Aryans. The pressure on Jews to leave Germany intensified. Hitler, Joseph Goebbels and Reinhard Heydrich organized a new programme designed to encourage Jews to emigrate.

  1. Modern World History Coursework - Reichstag Sourcework

    be undecided about his opinions on the incident and what the evidence suggests. He demonstrates this by making an explicit contradiction between two of the key ideas he expresses; whether Van der Lubbe was alone or not. In one piece of text, he states that 'The voluntary confessions of Van

  2. Night Of The Long Knives

    was planning a "second revolution" eager to make progress and ignoring Hitler's plans. The elite and many conservatives were wary of the power and influence of the SS and complained that Hitler was not playing his "puppet" role as chancellor.

  1. Were the events which took place during the Night of the Long Knives (June ...

    Hitler believed that "Revolution is not a permanent state, it must not develop into a lasting state."4 Hitler further claimed that "History will not judge us by the number of businessmen we dismissed or locked up, but by whether we knew how to provide work...The main thing now is programmes

  2. The Night of Long Knives.

    will not return from leave, we are ready to let them enjoy the hope for a short time.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work