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Hitler's Rise to Power

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Introduction

James Waterworth Hitler's Rise to Power Question one Several long and short term reasons contributed to Hitler's rise to power. The long term causes were: * The Munich Putsch (rebellion) which first brought Hitler to public attention. * The Treaty of Versailles which caused severe economic problems that Hitler exploited. The short term causes were: * Von Papen and Hindenburg's decision to appoint Hitler as Chancellor, which allowed him to call another election so that he could gain more power and also gave him a chance to ban Communist meetings and newspapers. * The Enabling Law (March 1933) which effectively made Hitler the dictator of Germany. The Munich Putsch (November 1922) helped Hitler's rise to power in several ways, but mainly by giving him publicity and propaganda. The actual march created quite a bit of publicity and made him known throughout Germany, although at that time it was not for good reasons. Hitler and the other main leader of the Putsch, who was a famous army general named Ludendorff, were arrested on charges of conspiracy. Ludendorff was found not guilty, while Hitler was sentenced to five years in prison. This was a pretty small penalty for the charge of conspiracy against the government, for which people were usually executed. Hitler eventually served only nine months - being released early for good behaviour. Hitler used the trial to get publicity and popularity for his ideas by making strong speeches in his trial, which people took special notice of because of his charismatic and extravagant style of speaking. ...read more.

Middle

The decision of Von Papen and Hindenburg to make Hitler Chancellor (January 1933) helped Hitler greatly as it gave him more power - the Chancellor was the most important man in Germany. It allowed him to stop the Communists, by banning Communist election meetings and shutting down Communist newspapers, to call for elections that he could control, and to give more power to the Stormtroopers. He enrolled thousands of Stormtroopers as special constables, who often "overlooked" brutality towards Nazi opponents on the streets. With Stormtroopers standing outside and inside polling stations watching how people voted, it wasn't hard to see that people would vote for Hitler. Hitler's power and control of the Government was a large step towards his total Dictatorship of Germany. The Enabling Law (March 1933) was the final step in Hitler's rise to power. This law allowed Hitler to make decisions without the Reichstag for four years. Hitler got the two thirds majority he needed to pass the law by banning the Communist Party and by getting the support of the centre party - by promising not to do anything to the Catholic Church. Just to make sure the law was passed he put Stormtroopers around the building to intimidate the voters. The law was passed by 441 votes to 84, which meant the Reichstag effectively voted itself out of existence. ...read more.

Conclusion

They thought that he was popular and that they could manipulate Hitler into doing what they wanted. However, they underestimated him. Even though he was actually going down in popularity at the time, and had Nazis in only 3 of 12 government posts, he made the Reichstag effectively vote itself out of power in the Enabling Law (March 1933). Without this law Hitler may never have got control of the whole country. Some people think that the Treaty of Versailles was another factor in Hitler's rise to power, but I think it was not as important as the other factors. He would have been able to rise to power without it, as most of his ideas expressed in Mein Kampf were about taking over Eastern Europe, and only a small part of it related to taking back the Treaty of Versailles. I think it may have helped indirectly, but that Hitler could have taken power without the Treaty. It just helped in creating more bad feelings towards the government who signed the treaty, and helped him to get the Nationalists on his side, as they also wanted to get back Germany's land and national pride. In conclusion the economic depression after 1929 was very important to Hitler's rise to power but it was one of 4 main parts and without the economic depression before 1923, Hitler's skill at speaking, his charismatic personality, and the general political crises at the time he wouldn't have risen to be the dictator of Germany. 1 ...read more.

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