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Hitler's Rise to Power

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Introduction

The nazi party was non-existent in 1919 after world war one, but in 15 years they became the biggest party in Germany at the time. There were many reasons why this happened. One reason was because Germany had been going through a huge economic slump during those 15 years. The right wing was very strong and as the Nazi party was nationalist they started to rise to power. Hitler was against the idea of the treaty of Versailles, and so was the rest of Germany so when he said that if he rose to power he would get rid of it, people started to vote for him. There was a big threat from communism. This made the entire rich conservative people vote for him, as they would have to give up their wealth to the state. As there were huge arguments in the Reichstag during the economic crisis, the government fell apart. When the new government came to power, and tried to set up a budget, all of the different parties in the coalition disagreed with each other so the government fell apart again. The chancellor was just going to the president so he could pass the budget as an emergency law. After the end of the 1st world war, Germany had to sign a treaty saying that they would not start any other war and also they would have to pay penalties for starting the war. Most of the Germans were against this from the start, including Hitler. Hitler had been blinded from a gas attack during the war. When he finally came round he was told that Germany had lost the war. He was devastated, and confused, as the Germans were so far a head when he was taken to hospital. He thought that the German soldiers had been 'stabbed in the back' by the government which at the time was the socialists. ...read more.

Middle

This made people think that he was not in politics to good for Germany, but he was in there for himself and he would do the things he wants. It is said that a lot of people voted for the Nazi party as Hitler excited them. Gregor Strasser said that the people who voted Nazi did not always vote for the things that Hitler promised, what he believed in or even the S.A., people felt exited by him. The threat of communism played a big part in the success of Hitler. Hitler had a great skill of being able to change and persuade people to do thing. Hitler was able to use the threat of communism to gain financing for his party. He knew that rich conservative did not want Germany to be run by communists, as they would have to give up their wealth to the people of Germany. Hitler said that he would protect them from communists, if they backed and funded his party, which they did. The same as the Nazi party set up the S.A., the KPD set up the red front. These two paramilitary groups battle on the streets killing each other. The KPD were a very strong party and they almost always had high votes. There was a decline in middle class votes, and some of the voters voted Nazi. As Hitler was able to persuade people to help him, in exchange for safety against communism, Hugenburg, a rich conservative who owned his own chain of theatres gave Hitler publicity through trailers and news articles in he theatres. This was a big step for Hitler as most people did not have T.V. and also many people did not have radio. Hitler also had many posters put up around every town persuading people to vote Nazi and telling them how bad communism is. The Weimar Republic was a system where there were multiple parties in government. ...read more.

Conclusion

When Von Papen rights his budget to he resolve the depression, parliament rejects it so he goes to Hindenburg. Hindenburg passes the budget through decree, and then he dissolves the Reichstag. I think that the biggest factor in Hitler becoming Chancellor of Germany is the fact that people feared communism. He gained a lot of support through people, mainly rich conservatives being afraid of communism. I believe that if communism hadn't have come from Russia at the end of the war, Hitler would never have become chancellor. As Hitler played with the rich, if there had been no communism Hitler would have had no funding and very little support. Also if there had not been any communism, the S.A. either would not have been set up, or they would have no one to fight, which means that they could not bully people into voting Nazi. Also if there had not been such a bad economic crisis Hitler may have not become chancellor of Germany. These are the two main factors. People might think that it was because of his skill of public speech and how he could intimidate people, but this is not the case. The main people that he intimidated were the rich. If there had not been any economic problems there would probably not been any problems in the Reichstag and everybody would vote for the same party all the time. The only reason that people started to vote right wing and Nazi was that Hitler had told them that the current Government was not very good and that they needed a change. I doubt that if Hitler had not have been given the chance to become chancellor, by Von Papen, he would have still been chancellor as unemployment was rising and his votes kept on increasing. Hitler's votes went down a little when he became chancellor. Hitler did not get to power on his own, he used other peoples success such and Scheidemann's and Hugenburgs Money and Theatre chain. Greg Kisala Hitler Rise to Power- GCSE coursework essay 3 December 2000 ...read more.

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