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Hitler's Rise to Power

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Introduction

History GCSE Coursework Assignment Germany 1918 - 1945 Historians have debated the main course for Hitler's rise to power. Some believe it was the Economic Depression, whilst some the weakness of the Weimar Constitution. I believe that the most important reason for Hitlers' coming to power was the Depression. A 'Gustav Stresemann' was a member of government from 1923-29. He built Germany up and out of depression. Exports and industry increased greatly, artist, poets and actors all flourished under his government. German Cinema, song and nightlife came to a Golden Age. Stresemann's overseas skills were also successful He signed the 'Locarno Teaties', which guaranteed he would not try to change German/French borders. This gained Germany a place in the League of Nations. Then very quietly he attempted to reverse some of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. He also negotiated the Young Plan, which lightened the reparations burden on Germany. Yet after all his successes he still could not tackle Germany's most dark problem. Unemployment was rising, and the government was spending huge amounts on welfare and health care. Stresemann promoted views which the extremist parties disliked (Communist + Nazi). The Nazi party, Hitler especially thought Streseman was a traitor. ...read more.

Middle

Another long-term cause of Hitler�s rise to power was the Munich Putsch. The economic crisis and the French invasion of the Ruhr was causing such discontent between the German people that Hitler decided to attempt a putsch on the conference at Munich in Bavaria, a southern region of Germany. This was organized by the National Social German Worker�s Party (NSDAP) whose leader at the time was Adolf Hitler. At this point the Nazi�s were only a small party opposed to the Weimar Republic. The putsch took place on the 8th November 1923. There was a meeting in a large beer cellar, von Kahr- Governor of Bavaria- was in the middle of a speech and all attention was poised on him. In stormed Hitler and his fellow party members. The Nazis were supposed to be supported by the Bavarian government when they proposed to seize power and march to Berlin to overtake control of the country. However their plan failed and the army were surprisingly on command when the party were walking through Munich, Fire broke out and 16 Nazis were killed. The leaders of this deed were then arrested. I believe that the failure of this putsch only made Hitler stronger. As a person his time in jail allowed him to concentrate on how he would be able to successfully rise to power, but also how quickly he would be able to achieve this. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Nazis still failed to gain a majority in the Reichstag, receiving only 44% of the vote (although this was their best election performance). With the support of the Nationalist Party they had a slight majority of seats. Their good performance was undeniably helped by the fact that 81 communist leaders were being held under the "Reichstag Fire Decree". Hitler used his new power to pass the "Enabling act" on the 23rd March 1933. This gave Hitler dictatorial powers by enabling him to make decisions that had the same authority and power as those made through Reichstag. Under these powers Hitler was able to destroy the trade union movement of Germany. On 2nd may SA men raided trade union offices and officials were arrested. The Nazis replaced this with the "German Labour Front" which was compulsory for all workers. Similarly, Hitler used these powers to destroy all opposing political parties, creating a one party state. The Final stage of Hitler�s Consolidation was with the destruction of the Parties internal opposition. The Night of the Long Knives was the name given to the purge of the SA, led by Ernst Rohm. Hitler believed that Rohm was conspiring to take over leadership. Rohm also wanted to create a new army, the "peoples army" out of the SA. This threatened the Wehrmacht, and so by the Sa�s destruction Hitler gained the oath of loyalty from the army. ...read more.

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