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Hitler - Totalitarian State

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Introduction

In January 1933 Hitler became chancellor of Germany in a new coalition government. The people who helped to put him there believed that Hitler could be controlled. Exactly ten years before this in 1923 Hitler was jailed when he tried to overthrow the government in the city of Munich. He was the leader of a small right-wing party with very extremist ideas. But within a couple of years this party was in control of Germany and went on to destroy democracy. The factors that helped Hitler and the Nazis to achieve this position I will outline in this essay. Adolf Hitler was born in Austria-Hungary in 1889 and moved to Vienna in 1907. In 1914 he joined the German army in the 'Bavarian Unit'. This gave him a purpose in life for the first time and he even received an iron cross 1st class medal for bravery. In 1919 when the war had ended he became a spy for the political department of the army. He used to spy on meetings of the German workers party who were very nationalistic, anti-Semitic and anti-communist, much like himself. He agreed with many of their ideas and beliefs and soon became a member. In 1920 the party changed its name to the 'National Socialist German Workers Party' or 'Nazis' for short. ...read more.

Middle

He decided that the best way to achieve power would be to use the political system and not to try another rebellion. In 1924 Hitler was determined to move on with his plans to gain more power for the Nazis. However the Nazis were still a very small party and Hitler needed more support. He took over other right-wing parties and formed the S.S. the S.S were Hitler's bodyguards and the men in it were more intelligent and better educated than those in the S.A. Hitler Youth also began. This was Hitler's way of brainwashing young children and training them to become members of the Nazis when they were old enough. In the mid-1920s things were looking much better for Germany. They were now receiving loans from the U.S.A which reduced inflation considerably. In 1928 there was a general election, and although Hitler was confident, the Nazis only received 2.6% of the vote. This was a massive disappointment to Hitler and the Nazis. They had no noticeable influence and were referred to as a, "small fringe party". 1929 was a very bad year for Germany. Stressman, who had helped solved many of Germany's economical problems, died. It was also the year of the 'Wall Street Crash'. U.S.A loans stopped, industry collapsed and there was mass unemployment. Germany was even worse off than before. ...read more.

Conclusion

Their argument was that they were not strong enough to fight against national socialists and communists and protect Germany's borders as well. The army consisted of only 100,000 because of the Versailles treaty. The Traditional Right-Wing Conservatives also wanted Hitler to become chancellor. Von Papen suggested that he should be vice0chancellor and that only two other Nazis could have an important role. He thought that Hitler could be tamed and controlled this way.....but of course this was a serious miscalculation. In January 1933 Hitler was made chancellor in a coalition government. Hitler did not achieve this position by deceitful methods, infact he was always honest and made his beliefs clear from the beginning. People were always aware of his hatred for Jews and communists and his want for a dictatorship. He even wrote a book outlining these ideas. People were made aware of his obsession with "survival of the fittest" and "creating a master race". But perhaps they were not aware of the lengths he would go to in order to achieve this 'master race'. Hitler was lucky to achieve his position as chancellor of Germany. I think that if people had not been so desperate they would not have voted for an extremist such as Hitler. Had the government been more stable maybe people would not have had such a strong desire to put an end to democracy. Hitler did not achieve power on his own; he was helped into power by economic circumstances and the support and miscalculation of others. ...read more.

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