• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Holocaust Coursework question 1

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How were Jews discriminated against in Germany from 1933 to 1939? Jews in Europe had been persecuted and discriminated against for hundreds of years and were known as 'Christ killers'. When Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933, he began an unprecedented effort to wipe the Jewish race off the face of the earth by using propaganda, humiliation, violence, intrusion into personal and public life, segregation, forced labour, financial deprivation, ghettoisation and ultimately, in later years, extermination. During the first two years of his rule, Hitler made many new laws designed to limit Jews in their capacity to interact with the wider German community. Firstly was the boycott of Jewish shops and businesses, which was designed to hinder their ability to finance themselves, and become more dependent of the state. Other laws (enforced between 1933 and1935) stated that Jews were: not able to own land, not allowed to be editors of newspapers, not allowed health insurance, prohibited from legal profession and banned from serving in the German armed services. These were all made to segregate Jews from other Germans, and to make them seem like the 'parasites' that Hitler said they were. In public life there were also many subtle changes. In schools, there were limits on how many Jewish children were allowed in classes and those children were often put at the back of classes, and used to teach Nazi race theories by comparing them to German children. ...read more.

Middle

Though there were a number of suggestions, no country agreed to help the Jews. This lack of international intervention may have spurred Hitler on to more drastic means to his 'Jewish Problem'. As there was no possibility of any foreign activity, it may have been possible for Hitler to use more violent methods, without any repercussions. On the 7th November 1938, Ernst Von Rath, third secretary in the German Embassy in Paris, was shot by Herschel Grynszpan, the son of a deported Polish Jew. Rath later dies on the 9th. This will be the trigger for the largest and most violent attack on Jews in the German Reich; Kristallnacht. Later that day, Germans went out into the street and attacked Jewish Businesses and Synagogues. Many were burned to the ground. One witness, the US consul in Leipzig, describes the streets as," a positive litter of shattered glass" and also describes when an 18 year old boy was thrown from a three story window onto the street below. He then says how the fire brigade failed to react to any fires on Jewish properties. This partially hints at some Government involvement in the events as the fire brigade would have probably have reacted unless tolled to other wise. One of the last things the Consul mentions was that, "Many male Jews have sent to concentration camps". ...read more.

Conclusion

During the same month, the Nazi newspaper, Der S�rmer, said," The Jewish people ought to be exterminated root and branch. Then the plague of pests would have disappeared in Poland at one stroke." This being the Party's paper would have been edited by a party member and that this piece has been left in the paper shows the Nazis future intensions for their next stage of Jewish persecution. Later that year, forced labour was issued for all Polish Jews between 16 and 40. This effectively made them slaves of the Nazi state. This could then only be followed by one thing, extermination. When Hitler came to power in 1933, he started a long and slow process which firstly used propaganda, humiliation, limitations in both public and personal lives and indoctrination to both undermine the Jews, and to start the German public to hate Jews. This was then carried on by passing laws and decrees to further segregate Jews from the rest of Germany, thus making a cultural divide. This then over spilled into an all out attack against Jews in Kristallnacht. Where Jews were subject to a widespread violence both against them and their properties. Later Jews were sent to concentration camps, or ghettos in preparation for the "final goal", this was later to become the "final solution". This wearing down of the Jewish population was designed to make the progression of this easier and more discreet. With a lack of international interest, the goal of the extermination of the Jewish race in Europe was about to be fulfilled. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. WHY HAD INTERNATIONAL PEACE COLLAPSED BY 1939?

    France and Britain were unwilling to agree because they: a) disliked Communism and did not want to defend it b) suspected Stalin aimed eventually to control Eastern Europe c) thought the Red Army was too weak to fight effectively 3. Poland refused to allow Soviet troops on its soil.

  2. Describe the changes in life in Germany between 1930 and 1939

    However, as with all propaganda, we are not aware of exactly how many people were affected by this image. Although Hitler was brought up by a Catholic mother and spoke of God in his speeches, he did not conform to the church.

  1. The object of this coursework is to gather information and data, on how woman ...

    information and various sources, which will help me to find out, whether the following statement is true: 'Woman got the right to vote in 1918 in results of suffragette violence'. Furthermore whether people in this society think that woman gained the rights to vote due to suffragette violence.

  2. History question 2 pickering castle

    Pickering was close to Beacon Hill and also the trading routes which all crossed at Pickering. This is my second reason because it supports why the Castle was built at Pickering and not in the surrounding area. My third reason is that Pickering is the ideal place to ensure protection

  1. Castles Coursework

    The decorated style window with "y" shaped tracery is the most obvious remaining feature of the original chapel. The keep went under major development in the 12th century. After the extension to a 4-storey tower and the enlargement of some windows, the original entrance to the keep was moved to add security to the rest of the structure.

  2. Hitlers promise of a better future for German people was the most important reason ...

    was anxious to put together a right-wing coalition government using the number of seats the Nazi party had. Von Papen persuaded the president that a new government had to be formed and that Hitler was to be given Chancellor as he thought Hitler would do what he was told.

  1. Describe how Jews were discriminated against in Germany from 1933 to 1939

    On 7th November, a Jew named Herschel Grunspan assassinated Ernst von Rath, a diplomatic official of Germany in Paris. This had devastating consequences for the entire Jewish community. In response to this Jewish protest, anti-Semitic riots were held all over Germany for the next three days.

  2. The Rebecca Riots

    "... I was called upon by Shoni Sgubor Fawr and went with this group... I was coming up Gellygwlwnog field arm in arm with him after burning Mr. Chambers' haystacks." This was primary evidence taken from someone who had actually taken part in these crimes against property.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work